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Governance for health

Section Editor:  Raphael Lencucha, McGill University, Canada
Deputy Section Editors:  Arne Ruckert, University of Ottawa, Canada and Philip Baker, Deakin University, Australia

In the absence of global government, increased attention is being given to global governance: the intergovernmental and multi-stakeholder institutions engaged in setting policies and promoting accountability and transparency at a supranational level. Some of these institutions are health specific (e.g. the World Health Organization, UNAIDS and UNICEF), others have multiple agendas (e.g. World Bank), while others have non-health agendas that nonetheless affect health outcomes within and between countries (e.g. the World Trade Organization, International Labour Organization, International Monetary Fund, and United Nations Development Program, to name a few). Several have treaty-making authority with direct or indirect global health implications. Meanwhile, the re-emergence of powerful global philanthropies and the rise of global public/private partnerships pose particular governance challenges, while the proliferation of global commissions (as knowledge generators capable of influencing norms, but not actual decision-making) presents both opportunity (continuing to refine what a global government playbook might look like) and threat (creating a lot of conceptual noise that could obfuscate underlying issues of power imbalances and wealth inequalities). Papers submitted under this topic examine global governance opportunities and risks, including studies of power politics, conflicts of interest, membership and membership criteria, effectiveness in creating health equitable policies and programs at international and national scales, critical debates over the regulatory regimes or framework conventions versus voluntary corporate social responsibility initiatives, the health impacts of international health treaties and human rights covenants, and the role of national or global taxation policies or agreements in promoting health equity within and between countries.

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  1. During outbreaks, uncertainties experienced by affected communities can influence their compliance to government guidance on public health. Communicators and authorities are, hence, encouraged to acknowledge a...

    Authors: Florin Cristea, Heide Weishaar, Brogan Geurts, Alexandre Delamou, Melisa Mei Jin Tan, Helena Legido-Quigley, Kafayat Aminu, Almudena Mari-Sáez, Carlos Rocha, Bienvenu Camara, Lansana Barry, Paul Thea, Johannes Boucsein, Thurid Bahr, Sameh Al-Awlaqi, Francisco Pozo-Martin…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:66
  2. Pooled procurement of health commodities has increasingly been promoted as a solution to reduce prices, increase availability, and achieve more efficient procurement processes. However, little is known about w...

    Authors: Koray Parmaksiz, Elizabeth Pisani, Roland Bal and Maarten Olivier Kok
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:59
  3. The Miller Brewing Company (MBC) was wholly owned by Phillip Morris (PM), between 1970 and 2002. Tobacco industry document studies identify alliances between the alcohol and tobacco industries to counter U.S. ...

    Authors: Jim McCambridge, Jack Garry, Kypros Kypri and Gerard Hastings
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:52
  4. Weak governance over public sector pharmaceutical policy and practice limits access to essential medicines, inflates pharmaceutical prices, and wastes scarce health system resources. Pharmaceutical systems are...

    Authors: Quinn Grundy, Lisa Parker, Anna Wong, Terence Fusire, Deirdre Dimancesco, Klara Tisocki, Helena Walkowiak, Taryn Vian and Jillian Kohler
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:33
  5. Most sub-Saharan Africa countries adopt global health policies. However, mechanisms with which policy transfers occur have largely been studied amongst developed countries and much less in low- and middle- inc...

    Authors: Walter Denis Odoch, Flavia Senkubuge, Ann Bosibori Masese and Charles Hongoro
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:25
  6. Healthcare workers are at a disproportionate risk of contracting COVID-19. The physical and mental repercussions of such risk have an impact on the wellbeing of healthcare workers around the world. Healthcare ...

    Authors: N O’Brien, K Flott, O Bray, A Shaw and M Durkin
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:24
  7. The absence of pharmaceutical interventions made it particularly difficult to mitigate the first outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The current study investigated how economic freedom and equalit...

    Authors: Guanglv Huang, Xiaoli Yu, Qinyi Long, Liqin Huang and Siyang Luo
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:15
  8. During the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, states were called upon by the World Health Organization to introduce and prioritise the collection of sex-disaggregated data. The collection of sex-disaggregated da...

    Authors: Huiyun Feng, Connie Cai Ru Gan, Diego Leiva, Bao Ling Zhang and Sara E. Davies
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:9
  9. National responses to the COVID-19 pandemic depend on national preparedness systems that must be understood as components of global public health emergency preparedness systems, governed and coordinated throug...

    Authors: Jakob Laage-Thomsen and Søren Lund Frandsen
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:3
  10. In recent years, “nudging” has become a standard behavioral intervention at the individual level and for the design of social policies. Although nudges are effective, such interventions seem to be limited to a...

    Authors: Jakub M. Krawiec, Olga M. Piaskowska, Piotr F. Piesiewicz and Wojciech Białaszek
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:132
  11. Shortage of skilled workforce is a global concern but represents a critical bottleneck to Africa’s development. While global academic partnerships have the potential to help tackle this development bottleneck,...

    Authors: Abebaw Fekadu, Esubalew Assefa, Abraham Tesfaye, Charlotte Hanlon, Belete Adefris, Tsegahun Manyazewal, Melanie J. Newport and Gail Davey
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:131
  12. A special session of the World Health Assembly (WHA) will be convened in late 2021 to consider developing a WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic preparedness and response – a...

    Authors: Ronald Labonté, Mary Wiktorowicz, Corinne Packer, Arne Ruckert, Kumanan Wilson and Sam Halabi
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:128
  13. Populations around the world are facing an increasing burden of firearm violence on mortality and disability. While firearm violence affects every country globally, the burden is significantly higher in many l...

    Authors: Meghan Werbick, Imran Bari, Nino Paichadze and Adnan A. Hyder
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:120
  14. The pandemic generated by Covid-19 has changed the way of life of citizens around the world in a short time, affecting all areas of society directly or indirectly, which is facing a global health crisis with d...

    Authors: Pedro-José Martínez-Córdoba, Bernardino Benito and Isabel-María García-Sánchez
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:113
  15. In the nearly half century since it began lending for population projects, the World Bank has become one of the largest financiers of global health projects and programs, a powerful voice in shaping health age...

    Authors: Marlee Tichenor, Janelle Winters, Katerini T. Storeng, Jesse Bump, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Martin Gorsky, Mark Hellowell, Patrick Kadama, Katherine Kenny, Yusra Ribhi Shawar, Francisco Songane, Alexis Walker, Ryan Whitacre, Sumegha Asthana, Genevie Fernandes, Felix Stein…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:110
  16. There is an extensive body of research demonstrating that trade and globalisation can have wide-ranging implications for health. Robust governance is key to ensuring that health, social justice and sustainabil...

    Authors: May C. I. van Schalkwyk, Pepita Barlow, Gabriel Siles-Brügge, Holly Jarman, Tamara Hervey and Martin McKee
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:61
  17. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the vast differences in approaches to the control and containment of coronavirus across the world and has demonstrated the varied success of such approaches in min...

    Authors: Steve J. Bickley, Ho Fai Chan, Ahmed Skali, David Stadelmann and Benno Torgler
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:57
  18. Achieving universal health coverage (UHC) requires health financing reforms (HFR) in many of the countries. HFR are inherently political. The sustainable development goals (SDG) declaration provides a global p...

    Authors: Walter Denis Odoch, Flavia Senkubuge and Charles Hongoro
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:50
  19. There is evidence that food industry actors try to shape science on nutrition and physical activity. But they are also involved in influencing the principles of scientific integrity. Our research objective was...

    Authors: Mélissa Mialon, Matthew Ho, Angela Carriedo, Gary Ruskin and Eric Crosbie
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:37
  20. Little is known about the prevalence of and risk factors for adolescent mental health problems during the COVID-19 outbreak. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of depressive symptoms, their association wit...

    Authors: Jingyi Wang, Hao Wang, Haijiang Lin, Marcus Richards, Shuyue Yang, Hongbiao Liang, Xiaoxiao Chen and Chaowei Fu
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:40
  21. The global health agenda is ill-defined as an analytical construct, complicating attempts by scholars and proponents to make claims about the agenda status of issues. We draw on Kingdon’s definition of the age...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Smith, Jeremy Shiffman, Yusra Ribhi Shawar and Zubin Cyrus Shroff
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:33
  22. The COVID-19 pandemic is a biosecurity threat, and many resource-rich countries are stockpiling and/or making plans to secure supplies of vaccine, therapeutics, and diagnostics for their citizens. We review th...

    Authors: Bisi Bright, Chinedum Peace Babalola, Nadia Adjoa Sam-Agudu, Augustine Anayochukwu Onyeaghala, Adebola Olatunji, Ufuoma Aduh, Patrick O. Sobande, Trevor A. Crowell, Yenew Kebede Tebeje, Sunny Phillip, Nicaise Ndembi and Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:24
  23. Efforts to adopt public health policies that would limit the consumption of unhealthy commodities, such as tobacco, alcohol and ultra-processed food products, are often undermined by private sector actors whos...

    Authors: Rima Nakkash, Melissa Mialon, Jihad Makhoul, Monika Arora, Rima Afifi, Abeer Al Halabi and Leslie London
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:16
  24. In Latin America, total sales of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) continue to rise at an alarming rate. Consumption of added sugar is a leading cause of diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Coalition...

    Authors: Angela Carriedo, Adam D. Koon, Luis Manuel Encarnación, Kelley Lee, Richard Smith and Helen Walls
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:5
  25. During global pandemics, such as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), crisis communication is indispensable in dispelling fears, uncertainty, and unifying individuals worldwide in a collective fight against he...

    Authors: Zhaohui Su, Dean McDonnell, Jun Wen, Metin Kozak, Jaffar Abbas, Sabina Šegalo, Xiaoshan Li, Junaid Ahmad, Ali Cheshmehzangi, Yuyang Cai, Ling Yang and Yu-Tao Xiang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:4
  26. The importance of integrating the social sciences in epidemic preparedness and response has become a common feature of infectious disease policy and practice debates. However to date, this integration remains ...

    Authors: Kevin Louis Bardosh, Daniel H. de Vries, Sharon Abramowitz, Adama Thorlie, Lianne Cremers, John Kinsman and Darryl Stellmach
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:120
  27. In 2016, the South African government became the first in the African region to announce the introduction of an SSB tax based on sugar content as a public health measure to reduce obesity. This tax was introdu...

    Authors: Safura Abdool Karim, Petronell Kruger and Karen Hofman
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:116
  28. Under the International Health Regulations (2005) [IHR (2005)] Monitoring and Evaluation Framework, after action reviews (AAR) and simulation exercises (SimEx) are two critical components which measure the fun...

    Authors: Frederik Anton Copper, Landry Ndriko Mayigane, Yingxin Pei, Denis Charles, Thanh Nam Nguyen, Candice Vente, Cindy Chiu de Vázquez, Allan Bell, Hilary Kagume Njenge, Nirmal Kandel, Zheng Jie Marc Ho, Abbas Omaar, Stéphane de la Rocque and Stella Chungong
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:115
  29. The last months have left no-one in doubt that the COVID-19 pandemic is exerting enormous pressure on health systems around the world, bringing to light the sub-optimal resilience of even those classified as h...

    Authors: Charbel El Bcheraoui, Heide Weishaar, Francisco Pozo-Martin and Johanna Hanefeld
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:112
  30. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing problem worldwide in need of global coordinated action. With the endorsement of the Global Action Plan (GAP) on AMR in 2015, the 194 member states of the World Healt...

    Authors: Louise Munkholm and Olivier Rubin
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:109
  31. The deteriorating political and economic situation in Venezuela has ramifications far beyond the Latin American country’s borders as almost five million Venezuelans fled and migrated into countries in the regi...

    Authors: Claire J. Standley, Eric Chu, Emrose Kathawala, Deisy Ventura and Erin M. Sorrell
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:103
  32. Corruption is recognized by the global community as a threat to development generally and to achieving health goals, such as the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal # 3: ensuring healthy lives and prom...

    Authors: Jillian Clare Kohler and Andrea Bowra
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:101
  33. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death globally. While upstream approaches to tackle NCD risk factors of poor quality diets and physical inactivity have been trialled in high income co...

    Authors: Tolu Oni, Felix Assah, Agnes Erzse, Louise Foley, Ishtar Govia, Karen J. Hofman, Estelle Victoria Lambert, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Maylene Shung-King, Joanne Smith, Eleanor Turner-Moss, Nigel Unwin, Pamela Wadende, James Woodcock, Jean Claude Mbanya, Shane A. Norris…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:100
  34. In Colombia, public health policies to improve food environments, including front-of-pack nutrition labelling and marketing restrictions for unhealthy products, are currently under development. Opposition to t...

    Authors: Melissa Mialon, Diego Alejandro Gaitan Charry, Gustavo Cediel, Eric Crosbie, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi and Eliana María Pérez Tamayo
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:97
  35. In October 2018, the Conference of the Parties of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC or Convention) adopted its first decision on novel and emerging tobacco products, including heated tobacco pr...

    Authors: Lukasz Gruszczynski and Margherita Melillo
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:81
  36. The Second International Symposium on One Health Research (ISOHR) was held in Guangzhou city, China on 23–24 November 2019. A transdisciplinary collaborative approach, One Health (OH), was the central theme of...

    Authors: Noore Alam, Cordia Chu, Qianlin Li, Allison Crook, Maxine Whittaker, Tjandra Aditama, Elena Schak, Dicky Budiman, Bonnie Barber and Jiahai Lu
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:79
  37. The UN system’s shift towards multistakeholder governance, now embedded in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), invites a broad range of actors, including the private sector, to the policymaking table. Al...

    Authors: Kathrin Lauber, Rob Ralston, Mélissa Mialon, Angela Carriedo and Anna B. Gilmore
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:76