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Disease

Section Editor: Manisha Kulkarni, University of Ottawa, Canada
Deputy Section Editors:
Fiona Cianci, Health Service Executive, Dublin, Ireland
Alessandra Ferrario, Harvard Medical School, USA
Mellissa Withers, USC Keck School of Medicine, USA

Diseases increasingly have cross-border causes and consequences. Global health security has become a foreign policy issue for many countries, linked to risks of pandemic influenza, and XDR (extreme drug resistant) and AMR (antimicrobial resistant) infections; and affected by weak health systems, population movements and lack of access to medicines. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have recently become foci for international cooperation, policy/program development and knowledge sharing. ‘Vectors’ (social determinants) for NCDs include such globalization-related pathways as trade (and trade treaties), foreign investment (and investment treaties), and economic growth and urbanization associated with global economic integration. Most papers submitted to this journal are presumed to utilize some health data; papers submitted under this topic will have either (one or more) infectious disease or NCD as their particular focus, applying epidemiological or other research methods to examine the magnitude, distribution and globalization-related risk factors affecting their prevalence, severity and/or population distribution. Note: We are not accepting articles submitted under this section that do not specify how globalization-related processes affect the diseases under study.

  1. On March 13, 2020, Uganda instituted COVID-19 symptom screening at its international airport, isolation and SARS-CoV-2 testing for symptomatic persons, and mandatory 14-day quarantine and testing of persons tr...

    Authors: Richard Migisha, Benon Kwesiga, Bernadette Basuta Mirembe, Geofrey Amanya, Steven N. Kabwama, Daniel Kadobera, Lilian Bulage, Godfrey Nsereko, Ignatius Wadunde, Tonny Tindyebwa, Bernard Lubwama, Atek A. Kagirita, John T. Kayiwa, Julius J. Lutwama, Amy L. Boore, Julie R. Harris…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:114

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Early evidence indicates increased mental health burden arising from COVID-19 and related control measures. The study aim was to examine concern about COVID-19 and its association with symptoms of mental disor...

    Authors: Nino Makhashvili, Jana Darejan Javakhishvili, Lela Sturua, Ketevan Pilauri, Daniela C. Fuhr and Bayard Roberts

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:111

    Content type: Research

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  3. The influence of COVID-19 on mental health problems has received considerable attention. However, only a few studies have examined the relationship between exposure to COVID-19 and mental health problems, and ...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Min Ma, Danfeng Li and Ziqiang Xin

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:105

    Content type: Research

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  4. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the personal, professional and social life of Australians with some people more impacted than others.

    Authors: Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Nazmul Hoque, Sheikh M. Alif, Masudus Salehin, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Biswajit Banik, Ahmed Sharif, Nashrin Binte Nazim, Farhana Sultana and Wendy Cross

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:95

    Content type: Research

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  5. COVID-19 has rapidly and radically changed the face of human health and social interaction. As was the case with COVID-19, the world is similarly unprepared to respond to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the...

    Authors: Lindsay A. Wilson, Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Patrick Fafard, A. M. Viens and Steven J. Hoffman

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:94

    Content type: Commentary

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  6. In all epidemics, healthcare staff are at the centre of risks and damages caused by pathogens. Today, nurses and physicians are faced with unprecedented work pressures in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, res...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Habibolah Khazaie, Amin Hosseinian-Far, Hooman Ghasemi, Masoud Mohammadi, Shamarina Shohaimi, Alireza Daneshkhah, Behnam Khaledi-Paveh and Melika Hosseinian-Far

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:92

    Content type: Research

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  7. Restricting mobility is a central aim for lowering contact rates and preventing COVID-19 transmission. Yet the impact on mobility of different non-pharmaceutical countermeasures in the earlier stages of the pa...

    Authors: Matia Vannoni, Martin McKee, Jan C. Semenza, Chris Bonell and David Stuckler

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:85

    Content type: Research

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  8. Points of entry and other border regions educate, train, and exercise (ETEs) their staff to improve preparedness and response to cross-border health threats. However, no conclusive knowledge of these ETEs’ eff...

    Authors: Doret de Rooij, Evelien Belfroid, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Varvara A. Mouchtouri, Jörg Raab and Aura Timen

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:78

    Content type: Review

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  9. The health crisis caused by COVID-19 has led many countries to opt for social quarantine of the population. During this quarantine, communication systems have been characterized by disintermediation, the accelera...

    Authors: Álex Escolà-Gascón, Francesc-Xavier Marín, Jordi Rusiñol and Josep Gallifa

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:72

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. The outbreak of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) could increase the risk of depression. However, epidemiological data on outbreak-associated depressive morbidity of female adolescents are not available. Thi...

    Authors: Jiaojiao Zhou, Xiaofei Yuan, Han Qi, Rui Liu, Yaqiong Li, Huanhuan Huang, Xu Chen and Gang Wang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:69

    Content type: Research

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  11. Worldwide, tobacco use has caused over 100 million deaths in the twentieth century and is projected to cause death in up to one billion people in the twenty-first century. It is a leading cause of early death ...

    Authors: Brian Colwell, Kizito B. A. Mosema, Matthew S. Bramble and Jay Maddock

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:66

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on public mental health. Therefore, monitoring and oversight of the population mental health during crises such as a panedmic is an immediate priority. The ai...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Amin Hosseinian-Far, Rostam Jalali, Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Shna Rasoulpoor, Masoud Mohammadi, Shabnam Rasoulpoor and Behnam Khaledi-Paveh

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:57

    Content type: Research

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  13. After Action Reviews (AAR) with a One Health perspective were performed in Slovenia, Italy, Serbia and Greece following a severe West Nile virus (WNV) transmission season in 2018. A protocol combining traditio...

    Authors: Flavia Riccardo, Francesco Bolici, Mario Fafangel, Verica Jovanovic, Maja Socan, Petra Klepac, Dragana Plavsa, Milena Vasic, Antonino Bella, Gabriele Diana, Luca Rosi, Patrizio Pezzotti, Xanthi D. Andrianou, Marco Di Luca, Giulietta Venturi, Francesco Maraglino…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2020 16:55

  14. Medical staff caring for COVID-19 patients face mental stress, physical exhaustion, separation from families, stigma, and the pain of losing patients and colleagues. Many of them have acquired SARS-CoV-2 and s...

    Authors: Matthew F. Chersich, Glenda Gray, Lee Fairlie, Quentin Eichbaum, Susannah Mayhew, Brian Allwood, Rene English, Fiona Scorgie, Stanley Luchters, Greg Simpson, Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Minh Duc Pham and Helen Rees

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:46

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  15. The recent pandemic caused by the 2019 outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV or COVID-19) has affected more than 3.0 million people resulting ~ 212,000 deaths across 215 countries/territories as on 28th Apr...

    Authors: Sachin S. Gunthe and Satya S. Patra

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:45

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  16. The aim of this study was to assess the commitments of food companies in Malaysia to improving population nutrition using the Business Impact Assessment on population nutrition and obesity (BIA-Obesity) tool a...

    Authors: SeeHoe Ng, Gary Sacks, Bridget Kelly, Heather Yeatman, Ella Robinson, Boyd Swinburn, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Karuthan Chinna, Mohd Noor Ismail and Tilakavati Karupaiah

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:35

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. The Zika outbreak provides pertinent case study for considering the impact of health emergencies on abortion decision-making and/or for positioning abortion in global health security debates.

    Authors: Clare Wenham, Amaral Arevalo, Ernestina Coast, Sonia Corrêa, Katherine Cuellar, Tiziana Leone and Sandra Valongueiro

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:49

    Content type: Debate

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  18. Although the worldwide incidence of tuberculosis (TB) has been slowly decreasing, the migrant workers remains an important gap for regional TB control. In Taiwan, the numbers of the migrant workers from countr...

    Authors: Chia-Wen Lu, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Yu-Hao Pan, Hao-Hsiang Chang, Yi-Chun Wu, Wang-Huei Sheng and Kuo-Chin Huang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:18

    Content type: Research

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  19. The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can have a substantial impact in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Community-based programs addressing diet, physical activity, and health b...

    Authors: Maryam Shirinzadeh, Babak Afshin-Pour, Ricardo Angeles, Jessica Gaber and Gina Agarwal

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:10

    Content type: Research

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  20. Reducing premature deaths is an important step towards achieving the World Health Organization’s sustainable development goal. Redeployed miners are more prone to disease or premature death due to the special ...

    Authors: Wei Xian, Bing Han, Leizhen Xia, Yining Ma, Haodi Xu, Lu Zhang, Li Li and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:7

    Content type: Research

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  21. Increases in overweight and obesity among youths have resulted in the diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at earlier ages. The impact of lifestyle-related factors has been implicated; however, its rel...

    Authors: Devy Elling, Pamela J. Surkan, Sahba Enayati and Ziad El-Khatib

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:118

    Content type: Research

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  22. The global travel and tourism industry has been rapidly expanding in the past decades. The traditional focus on border screening, and by airline and cruise industries may be inadequate due to the incubation pe...

    Authors: Kevin K. C. Hung, Carman K. M. Mark, May P. S. Yeung, Emily Y. Y. Chan and Colin A. Graham

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:117

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. In order to understand why rates of overweight and obesity are so high in the Ecuadorian province of Galapagos, this study analyzes changes in household food expenditures and perceptions and practices related ...

    Authors: Wilma B. Freire, William F. Waters, Diana Román, Elisa Jiménez, Estefania Burgos and Philippe Belmont

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:93

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is now a massive epidemic in both California and Mexico, with serious consequences for social and economic well-being. A large proportion of these populations share common ethnic backgrou...

    Authors: Simón Barquera, Dean Schillinger, Carlos A. Aguilar-Salinas, Marc Schenker, Luis A. Rodríguez, Cesar Hernández-Alcaraz and Jaime Sepúlveda-Amor

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:84

    Content type: Review

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  25. There is a lack of evidence-based health services to reduce the impact of stroke in low-income countries at a personal, family or community level.

    Authors: Julius T. Kamwesiga, Gunilla M. Eriksson, Kerstin Tham, Uno Fors, Ali Ndiwalana, Lena von Koch and Susanne Guidetti

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:82

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Pandemics pose significant security/stability risks to nations with fragile infrastructures. We evaluated characteristics of the 2014 West African Ebola outbreak to elucidate lessons learned for managing trans...

    Authors: Aaron M. Wendelboe, Micah McCumber, Julie Erb-Alvarez, Nicholas Mould, Richard W. Childs and James L. Regens

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:75

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus /Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is not just a medical problem but its social impact is increasingly affecting its effective management. The fear of HIV-stigma c...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Philip Nana Njotang, Ngholapeh Emmanuel Nghoniji, Marie José Essi, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Valirie Ndip Agbor and Bruno Kenfack

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:56

    Content type: Research

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  28. Neonatal mortality is declining slowly compared to under-five mortality in many developing countries including Afghanistan. About three-fourths of these deaths occur in the early neonatal period (i.e., the fir...

    Authors: Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Allysha Choudhury, Atia Sharmeen, Swagata Ghosh, Arif Mahmud and Angela KC

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:47

    Content type: Research

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  29. A qualitative study of key informant semi-structured interviews were conducted between March and July 2016 in Mexico and India to achieve the following aims: to explore corporations’ and stakeholders’ views, a...

    Authors: Heather Wipfli, Kristin Dessie Zacharias, Nuvjote (Nivvy) Hundal, Luz Myriam Reynales Shigematsu, Deepika Bahl, Monika Arora, Shalini Bassi and Shubha Kumar

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:46

    Content type: Research

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  30. There is a growing recognition of the need to provide HIV/AIDS prevention and care to migrant workers. Social involvement, a type of social capital, is considered a ‘critical enabler’ of effective HIV/AIDS pre...

    Authors: Wenting Wang, Ren Chen, Ying Ma, Xuehui Sun, Xia Qin and Zhi Hu

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:41

    Content type: Short report

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  31. Poor water quality, one of the leading causes of diarrhea, is an issue for most developing countries. Although the health burden of poor-quality water has been studied extensively, there is a paucity of resear...

    Authors: Wei Li, Echu Liu and Rhonda BeLue

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:37

    Content type: Research

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  32. There is an increasing global movement of foreign female entertainment workers (FEWs), a hard-to-reach population vulnerable to HIV/STIs. This paper described the needs assessment phase before intervention imp...

    Authors: Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Olive N. Y. Cheung, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Hanh Hao La, Thein Than Win, Roy Chan and Mee Lian Wong

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:36

    Content type: Methodology

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