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Disease

Section Editor: Manisha Kulkarni, University of Ottawa, Canada
Deputy Section Editors:
Fiona Cianci, Health Service Executive, Dublin, Ireland
Mellissa Withers, USC Keck School of Medicine, USA

Diseases increasingly have cross-border causes and consequences. Global health security has become a foreign policy issue for many countries, linked to risks of pandemic influenza, and XDR (extreme drug resistant) and AMR (antimicrobial resistant) infections; and affected by weak health systems, population movements and lack of access to medicines. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have recently become foci for international cooperation, policy/program development and knowledge sharing. ‘Vectors’ (social determinants) for NCDs include such globalization-related pathways as trade (and trade treaties), foreign investment (and investment treaties), and economic growth and urbanization associated with global economic integration. Most papers submitted to this journal are presumed to utilize some health data; papers submitted under this topic will have either (one or more) infectious disease or NCD as their particular focus, applying epidemiological or other research methods to examine the magnitude, distribution and globalization-related risk factors affecting their prevalence, severity and/or population distribution. Note: We are not accepting articles submitted under this section that do not specify how globalization-related processes affect the diseases under study.

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  1. The pervasive nature and colonial foundations of neoliberalism has significant ramifications for Indigenous health, globally. Not only does neoliberalism undermine Indigenous collectivist values by emphasising...

    Authors: Brianna Poirier, Sneha Sethi, Dandara Haag, Joanne Hedges and Lisa Jamieson
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:61
  2. Private entities play a major role in health globally. However, their contribution has not been fully optimized to strengthen delivery of public health services. The COVID-19 pandemic has overwhelmed health sy...

    Authors: Steven N. Kabwama, Suzanne N. Kiwanuka, Mala Ali Mapatano, Olufunmilayo I. Fawole, Ibrahima Seck, Alice Namale, Rawlance Ndejjo, Susan Kizito, Fred Monje, Marc Bosonkie, Landry Egbende, Segun Bello, Eniola A. Bamgboye, Magbagbeola D. Dairo, Ayo S. Adebowale, Mobolaji M. Salawu…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:60
  3. Apart from infecting a large number of people around the world and causing the death of many people, the COVID-19 pandemic seems to have changed the healthcare processes of other diseases by changing the alloc...

    Authors: Vahid Mogharab, Mahshid Ostovar, Jakub Ruszkowski, Syed Zohaib Maroof Hussain, Rajeev Shrestha, Uzair Yaqoob, Poorya Aryanpoor, Amir Mohammad Nikkhoo, Parasta Heidari, Athar Rasekh Jahromi, Esmaeil Rayatdoost, Anwar Ali, Farshid Javdani, Roohie Farzaneh, Aref Ghanaatpisheh, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:58
  4. Uncertainties surrounding the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) remain a major global health challenge and requires attention. Researchers and medical experts have made remarkable efforts to reduce the number ...

    Authors: Amarachukwu Felix Ebubeogu, Chamberline Ekene Ozigbu, Kholoud Maswadi, Azizi Seixas, Paulinus Ofem and Donaldson F. Conserve
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:37

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2022 18:47

  5. Viral infections are emerging with diverse clinical relevance both in endemic environments and non-endemic regions of the world. Some of the viruses cause co-infections that are of public health importance. Th...

    Authors: Hope Onohuean, Eric O. Aigbogun Jr and Bright E. Igere
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:36
  6. Governance processes play an important role in shaping the formulation and implementation of policy measures such as restrictions on marketing of ultra-processed foods. However, there is limited analysis of th...

    Authors: Sirinya Phulkerd, Yandisa Ngqangashe, Jeff Collin, Anne-Marie Thow, Ashley Schram, Carmen Huckel Schneider and Sharon Friel
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:29
  7. Adolescence can be difficult to navigate and the post-conflict environment in Jaffna Province, Sri Lanka compounds existing issues for adolescents. Conduct problems, hyperactivity along with emotional problems...

    Authors: Josephine Thirumagal Sivashankar, Rajendra Surenthirakumaran, Shannon Doherty and Nalini Sathiakumar
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:27
  8. The African continent hosts many industrial mining projects, and many more are planned due to recent prospecting discoveries and increasing demand for various minerals to promote a low-carbon future. The extra...

    Authors: Hermínio Cossa, Dominik Dietler, Eusébio Macete, Khátia Munguambe, Mirko S. Winkler and Günther Fink
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:7

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2022 18:22

  9. Diagnostic testing for the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection remains a challenge around the world, especially in low-middle-income countries (LMICs) with poor socio-economi...

    Authors: Zamathombeni Duma, Anil A. Chuturgoon, Veron Ramsuran, Vinodh Edward, Pragalathan Naidoo, Miranda N. Mpaka-Mbatha, Khethiwe N. Bhengu, Nomzamo Nembe, Roxanne Pillay, Ravesh Singh and Zilungile L. Mkhize-Kwitshana
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:5
  10. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an avalanche of scientific studies, drawing on many different types of data. However, studies addressing the effectiveness of government actions against COVID-19, especially no...

    Authors: Michael A. Stoto, Abbey Woolverton, John Kraemer, Pepita Barlow and Michael Clarke
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:2
  11. In Tonga, import duties were lowered on tinned fish and seafood in 2013 and raised on soft drinks, dripping and other animal fats. Additional import duties were applied to soft drinks and dripping and other fa...

    Authors: Colin Bell, Catherine Latu, Elisiva Na’ati, Wendy Snowdon, Marj Moodie and Gade Waqa
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:136
  12. Understanding the differences in timing and composition of physical distancing policies is important to evaluate the early global response to COVID-19. A physical distancing intensity monitoring framework comp...

    Authors: Jeff Lane, Arianna Rubin Means, Kevin Bardosh, Anna Shapoval, Ferruccio Vio, Clive Anderson, Anya Cushnie, Norbert Forster, Jenny Ledikwe, Gabrielle O’Malley, Shreshth Mawandia, Anwar Parvez, Lucy Perrone and Florindo Mudender
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:124
  13. The major threat to human societies posed by undernutrition has been recognised for millennia. Despite substantial economic development and scientific innovation, however, progress in addressing this global ch...

    Authors: Jonathan C. K. Wells, Akanksha A. Marphatia, Gabriel Amable, Mario Siervo, Henrik Friis, J. Jaime Miranda, Hinke H. Haisma and David Raubenheimer
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:119
  14. The current pandemic of COVID-19 impacted the psychological wellbeing of populations globally.

    Authors: Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Farhana Sultana, Sheikh M. Alif, Biswajit Banik, Masudus Salehin, Bindu Joseph, Louisa Lam, Mimmie Claudine Watts, Sabria Jihan Khan, Sherief Ghozy, Sek Ying Chair, Wai Tong Chien, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Nashwa El-Khazragy…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:117
  15. Understanding how the development of obesogenic food environments and the consumption of ultra-processed foods and beverages influence each other can help policymakers to identify effective ways to curb the cu...

    Authors: Fabrizio Ferretti, Michele Mariani and Elena Sarti
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:91
  16. The initial research requirements in pandemics are predictable. But how is it possible to study a disease that is so quickly spreading and to rapidly use that research to inform control and treatment?

    Authors: Jonathon P. Fanning, Srinivas Murthy, Nchafatso G. Obonyo, J. Kenneth Baillie, Steve Webb, Heidi J. Dalton and John F. Fraser
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:84
  17. Lagos state is the industrial nerve centre of Nigeria and was the epicentre of the 2014 Ebola outbreak in Nigeria as it is now for the current Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) outbreak. This paper describes how ...

    Authors: Akin Abayomi, Mobolanle R. Balogun, Munir Bankole, Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Bamidele Mutiu, John Olawepo, Morakinyo Senjobi, Oluwakemi Odukoya, Lanre Aladetuyi, Chioma Ejekam, Akinsanya Folarin, Madonna Emmanuel, Funke Amodu, Adesoji Ologun, Abosede Olusanya, Moses Bakare…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:79
  18. Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are the leading global source of added sugar intake and their consumption is associated with negative health outcomes, such as diabetes, cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and o...

    Authors: Marco Zenone, Diego Silva, Julia Smith and Kelley Lee
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:72
  19. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is closely associated with physical and mental health problems; however, little is known about the severity of stigma caused by COVID-19 among its survivors. Thus, the aim o...

    Authors: Yuan Yuan, Yan-Jie Zhao, Qing-E Zhang, Ling Zhang, Teris Cheung, Todd Jackson, Guo-Qing Jiang and Yu-Tao Xiang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:54
  20. Due to the implementation of social distancing and quarantine measures, loneliness has been a major public health concern during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, few studies have examined loneliness in Chinese ...

    Authors: Li Bao, Wen-Tian Li and Bao-Liang Zhong
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:51
  21. The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 mutants might lead to European border closures, which impact on trade and result in serious economic losses. In April 2020, similar border closures were observed during the first SA...

    Authors: Florian Gehre, Hakim Lagu, Emmanuel Achol, Michael Katende, Jürgen May and Muna Affara
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:49
  22. To explore the influences of digital media use on the core symptoms, emotional state, life events, learning motivation, executive function (EF) and family environment of children and adolescents diagnosed with...

    Authors: Lan Shuai, Shan He, Hong Zheng, Zhouye Wang, Meihui Qiu, Weiping Xia, Xuan Cao, Lu Lu and Jinsong Zhang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:48
  23. Alcohol harms are rising globally, and alcohol policies, where they exist, are weak or under-developed. Limited progress has been made since the formulation of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Strate...

    Authors: Mary Madden and Jim McCambridge
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:45
  24. The possibility of psychopathological symptoms and related risk factors among normal persons and patients infected during the outbreak of COVID-19 has been widely investigated. The mental health outcomes of th...

    Authors: Zhiyang Zhang, Yi Feng, Rui Song, Di Yang and Xuefei Duan
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:44
  25. The negative impact of COVID-19 pandemic on public mental health can be persistent and substantial over a long period of time, but little is known regarding what psychological factors or processes can buffer s...

    Authors: Yuen Yu Chong, Wai Tong Chien, Ho Yu Cheng, Angelos P. Kassianos, Andrew T. Gloster and Maria Karekla
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:43
  26. Italy was the first European country to implement a national lockdown because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Worldwide, this pandemic had a huge impact on the mental health of people in many countries causing simil...

    Authors: Leonardo Villani, Roberta Pastorino, Enrico Molinari, Franco Anelli, Walter Ricciardi, Guendalina Graffigna and Stefania Boccia
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:39
  27. Mental burden due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has been widely reported for the general public and specific risk groups like healthcare workers and different patient populations. We aimed to assess its impact on...

    Authors: Angela M. Kunzler, Nikolaus Röthke, Lukas Günthner, Jutta Stoffers-Winterling, Oliver Tüscher, Michaela Coenen, Eva Rehfuess, Guido Schwarzer, Harald Binder, Christine Schmucker, Joerg J. Meerpohl and Klaus Lieb
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:34
  28. The recent outbreak of COVID-19 has impacted adversely upon the mental health of millions of people worldwide. Impacts on the mental health conditions and the associated predictors relating to adults in Pakist...

    Authors: Tooba Lateef, Jiyao Chen, Muhammad Tahir, Teba Abdul Lateef, Bryan Z. Chen, Jizhen Li and Stephen X. Zhang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:32
  29. The impact of general population lockdown implemented in the face of the COVID-19 epidemic needs to be evaluated. We describe here a longitudinal study on the mental health of adults in France.

    Authors: Leila Ramiz, Benjamin Contrand, Madelyn Yiseth Rojas Castro, Marion Dupuy, Li Lu, Catherine Sztal-Kutas and Emmanuel Lagarde
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:29
  30. Three months after the first reported cases, COVID-19 had spread to nearly 90% of World Health Organization (WHO) member states and only 24 countries had not reported cases as of 30 March 2020. This analysis a...

    Authors: Zheng Li, Cynthia Jones, Girum S. Ejigu, Nisha George, Amanda L. Geller, Gregory C. Chang, Alys Adamski, Ledor S. Igboh, Rebecca D. Merrill, Philip Ricks, Sara A. Mirza and Michael Lynch
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:28
  31. The psychological distress caused by COVID-19 may be pronounced among the parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study aimed to investigate psychological distress among parents of childr...

    Authors: Luxi Wang, Dexin Li, Shixu Pan, Jinhe Zhai, Wei Xia, Caihong Sun and Mingyang Zou
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:23
  32. The burden of sickle cell disease (SCD) is greatest among African nations. Effective scalability of evidence-based interventions (e.g., newborn screening, health education, prophylaxis for infection, optimal n...

    Authors: Joyce Gyamfi, Temitope Ojo, Juliet Iwelunmor, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Nessa Ryan, Amy Diawara, Obiageli Nnodu, Ambroise Wonkam, Charmaine Royal and Emmanuel Peprah
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:20
  33. Deaths by COVID-19 have left behind nearly 12 million recent bereaved individuals worldwide and researchers have raised concerns that the circumstances of COVID-19 related deaths will lead to a rise prevalence...

    Authors: Suqin Tang and Zhendong Xiang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:19
  34. The public health community has become increasingly critical of the role that powerful corporations play in driving unhealthy diets, one of the leading contributors to the global burden of disease. While a sub...

    Authors: Benjamin Wood, Owain Williams, Vijaya Nagarajan and Gary Sacks
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:17
  35. The COVID-19 pandemic has made unprecedented impact on the psychological health of university students, a population vulnerable to distress and mental health disorders. This study investigated psychiatric symp...

    Authors: Shufang Sun, Simon B. Goldberg, Danhua Lin, Shan Qiao and Don Operario
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:15

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2021 17:52

  36. Lockdowns can be an effective pandemic response strategy that can buy much needed time to slow disease transmission and adequately scale up preventative, diagnostic, and treatment capacities. However, the broa...

    Authors: Oghenowede Eyawo, A. M. Viens and Uchechukwu Chidiebere Ugoji
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:13
  37. Serious conditions caused by the coronavirus epidemic are expected to affect the mental and physical health, organizational and social commitments of healthcare workers. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate...

    Authors: Zahra Aghalari, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Somayeh Jafarian and Hemmat Gholinia
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:12
  38. Community health workers (CHWs) are an important cadre of the global health workforce as they are involved in providing health services at the community level. However, evidence on the role of CHWs in deliveri...

    Authors: David Musoke, Edwinah Atusingwize, Deborah Ikhile, Sarah Nalinya, Charles Ssemugabo, Grace Biyinzika Lubega, Damilola Omodara, Rawlance Ndejjo and Linda Gibson
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:7
  39. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a pandemic on March 11, 2020. Previous studies of infectious diseases showed that infectious diseases not only cause physical damage ...

    Authors: Ji Ho Lee, Hocheol Lee, Ji Eon Kim, Seok Jun Moon and Eun Woo Nam
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:3
  40. The pattern of fatigue in older psychiatric patients during the COVID-19 outbreak was unknown. This study examined the prevalence of fatigue and its association with overall quality of life (overall QOL) in cl...

    Authors: Siyun Zou, Zi-Han Liu, Xiaona Yan, Huan Wang, Yulong Li, Xiuying Xu, Xiangdong Du, Lan Zhang, Qinge Zhang, Todd Jackson, Gabor S. Ungvari and Yu-Tao Xiang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:119
  41. On March 13, 2020, Uganda instituted COVID-19 symptom screening at its international airport, isolation and SARS-CoV-2 testing for symptomatic persons, and mandatory 14-day quarantine and testing of persons tr...

    Authors: Richard Migisha, Benon Kwesiga, Bernadette Basuta Mirembe, Geofrey Amanya, Steven N. Kabwama, Daniel Kadobera, Lilian Bulage, Godfrey Nsereko, Ignatius Wadunde, Tonny Tindyebwa, Bernard Lubwama, Atek A. Kagirita, John T. Kayiwa, Julius J. Lutwama, Amy L. Boore, Julie R. Harris…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:114
  42. Early evidence indicates increased mental health burden arising from COVID-19 and related control measures. The study aim was to examine concern about COVID-19 and its association with symptoms of mental disor...

    Authors: Nino Makhashvili, Jana Darejan Javakhishvili, Lela Sturua, Ketevan Pilauri, Daniela C. Fuhr and Bayard Roberts
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:111
  43. The influence of COVID-19 on mental health problems has received considerable attention. However, only a few studies have examined the relationship between exposure to COVID-19 and mental health problems, and ...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Min Ma, Danfeng Li and Ziqiang Xin
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:105
  44. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the personal, professional and social life of Australians with some people more impacted than others.

    Authors: Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Nazmul Hoque, Sheikh M. Alif, Masudus Salehin, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Biswajit Banik, Ahmed Sharif, Nashrin Binte Nazim, Farhana Sultana and Wendy Cross
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:95
  45. COVID-19 has rapidly and radically changed the face of human health and social interaction. As was the case with COVID-19, the world is similarly unprepared to respond to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the...

    Authors: Lindsay A. Wilson, Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Patrick Fafard, A. M. Viens and Steven J. Hoffman
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:94