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  1. In the nearly half century since it began lending for population projects, the World Bank has become one of the largest financiers of global health projects and programs, a powerful voice in shaping health age...

    Authors: Marlee Tichenor, Janelle Winters, Katerini T. Storeng, Jesse Bump, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Martin Gorsky, Mark Hellowell, Patrick Kadama, Katherine Kenny, Yusra Ribhi Shawar, Francisco Songane, Alexis Walker, Ryan Whitacre, Sumegha Asthana, Genevie Fernandes, Felix Stein…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:110

    Content type: Review

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  2. Alcohol control has emerged as an important global health challenge due to the expanding influence of alcohol companies and limited control measures imposed by governments. In the Peruvian Andean highland, the...

    Authors: Sakiko Yamaguchi, Raphael Lencucha and Thomas G. Brown

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:109

    Content type: Research

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  3. A large body of literature exists on trade liberalisation and the ways in which trade agreements can affect food systems. However, the systematic and objective monitoring of these and their impact on national ...

    Authors: Amerita Ravuvu, Joe Pakoa Lui, Adolphe Bani, Anna Wells Tavoa, Raymond Vuti and Si Thu Win Tin

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:107

    Content type: Research

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  4. The severity of COVID-19, as well as the speed and scale of its spread, has posed a global challenge. Countries around the world have implemented stringent non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI) to control tra...

    Authors: Charbel El Bcheraoui, Sophie Alice Müller, Eleanor C Vaughan, Andreas Jansen, Robert Cook and Johanna Hanefeld

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:106

    Content type: Research

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  5. Health workforce planning is critical for health systems to safeguard the ability to afford, train, recruit, and retain the appropriate number and mix of health workers. This balance is especially important wh...

    Authors: Tracy Kuo Lin, Tim A. Bruckner, Taghred Alghaith, Mariam M. Hamza, Mohammed Alluhidan, Christopher H. Herbst, Hussah Alghodaier, Adwa Alamri, Rana Saber, Nahar Alazemi and Jenny X. Liu

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:105

    Content type: Research

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  6. Trade and health scholars have raised concern that international trade and particularly investment disputes may be used by transnational health harmful commodity corporations (THCCs) to effectively generate pu...

    Authors: Penelope Milsom, Richard Smith, Simon Moeketsi Modisenyane and Helen Walls

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:104

    Content type: Research

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  7. Refugees often face psychosocial complexity and multi-dimensional healthcare needs. Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) methods have been previously employed in designing health programs for refugee ...

    Authors: Tali Filler, Pardeep Kaur Benipal, Nazi Torabi and Ripudaman Singh Minhas

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:103

    Content type: Research

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  8. Nepal has improved access and utilisation of routine maternal and newborn health (MNH) services. Despite improved access to routine MNH services such as antenatal care (ANC), and delivery and postnatal care (P...

    Authors: Resham B. Khatri, Jo Durham and Yibeltal Assefa

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:102

    Content type: Research

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  9. Despite progress in global health, the general disease burden still disproportionately falls on low- and middle-income countries. The health needs of these countries’ populations are unmet because there is a s...

    Authors: Vivian Chia-Jou Lee, Jacqueline Yao and William Zhang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:101

    Content type: Commentary

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  10. Global health education partnerships should be collaborative and reciprocal to ensure mutual benefit. Utilisation of digital technologies can overcome geographic boundaries and facilitate collaborative global ...

    Authors: Roshit K. Bothara, Malama Tafuna’i, Tim J. Wilkinson, Jen Desrosiers, Susan Jack, Philip K. Pattemore, Tony Walls, Faafetai Sopoaga, David R. Murdoch and Andrew P. Miller

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:99

    Content type: Research

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  11. Obligations arising from trade and investment agreements can affect how governments can regulate and organise health systems. The European Union has made explicit statements of safeguarding policy space for he...

    Authors: Meri Koivusalo, Noora Heinonen and Liina-Kaisa Tynkkynen

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:98

    Content type: Research

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  12. As Arab countries seek to implement the ‘Guideline on Good Pharmacovigilance Practice (GVP) for Arab countries’, understanding policy implementation mechanisms and the factors impacting it can inform best impl...

    Authors: Hamza Y. Garashi, Douglas T. Steinke and Ellen I. Schafheutle

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:97

    Content type: Research

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  13. International air travel has been highlighted as a concern since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic with respect to importation of cases. We summarise the available evidence for in-flight transmission of w...

    Authors: David Kelly, Niamh Bambury and Mairin Boland

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:93

    Content type: Short report

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  14. Transparency and accountability are essential components at all stages of the trade negotiation process. This study evaluates the extent to which these principles were upheld in the United States’ public consu...

    Authors: Anna S. Y. Wong, Clarke B. Cole and Jillian C. Kohler

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:92

    Content type: Research

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  15. Understanding how the development of obesogenic food environments and the consumption of ultra-processed foods and beverages influence each other can help policymakers to identify effective ways to curb the cu...

    Authors: Fabrizio Ferretti, Michele Mariani and Elena Sarti

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:91

    Content type: Research

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  16. International medical electives are a well-established part of the curriculum of many western medical schools. It is widely accepted that these electives contribute to improved clinical examination and communi...

    Authors: Maximilian Andreas Storz, Ann-Kathrin Lederer and Eric Pieter Heymann

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:90

    Content type: Research

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  17. The ripple effects of protracted armed conflicts include: significant gender-specific barriers to accessing essential services such as health, education, water and sanitation and broader macroeconomic challeng...

    Authors: Kristen Meagher, Bothaina Attal and Preeti Patel

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:88

    Content type: Research

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  18. International evidence suggests migrants experience inequitable access, outcomes and treatment quality across the cancer care continuum. There is currently limited research assessing equity across the cancer c...

    Authors: Brighid Scanlon, Mark Brough, David Wyld and Jo Durham

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:87

    Content type: Review

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  19. Suboptimal health status (SHS), an intermediate state between chronic disease and health, is characterized by chronic fatigue, non-specific pain, headaches, dizziness, anxiety, depression, and functional syste...

    Authors: Yunlian Xue, Zhuomin Huang, Guihao Liu, Zicheng Zhang, Yefang Feng, Mengyao Xu, Lijie Jiang, Wenyuan Li and Jun Xu

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:86

    Content type: Research

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  20. Across the globe, the consumption of energy-dense and nutrient-poor foods and beverages has escalated rates of diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs), driven by deceptive marketing tactics from the food...

    Authors: Andrés Constantin, Oscar A. Cabrera, Belén Ríos, Isabel Barbosa, Ariadna Tovar Ramírez, Margherita M. Cinà and Silvia Serrano Guzmán

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:85

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. The initial research requirements in pandemics are predictable. But how is it possible to study a disease that is so quickly spreading and to rapidly use that research to inform control and treatment?

    Authors: Jonathon P. Fanning, Srinivas Murthy, Nchafatso G. Obonyo, J. Kenneth Baillie, Steve Webb, Heidi J. Dalton and John F. Fraser

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:84

    Content type: Commentary

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  22. Yemen has been left in shambles and almost destroyed by its devastating civil war, and is now having to deal with the spread of coronavirus. The Yemeni people have been left to fend for themselves and faced ma...

    Authors: Mohammed Alsabri, Ayman Alhadheri, Luai M. Alsakkaf and Jennifer Cole

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:83

    Content type: Commentary

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2021 17:100

  23. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have recently become a global public health burden and a leading cause of premature death, mainly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of the study was to explo...

    Authors: Alexander Cheza and Boikhutso Tlou

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:82

    Content type: Research

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  24. Among Bangladeshi men, international labor migration has increased ten-fold since 1990 and rural to urban labor migration rates have steadily increased. Labor migration of husbands has increased household weal...

    Authors: Kristin K. Sznajder, Katherine Wander, Siobhan Mattison, Elizabeth Medina-Romero, Nurul Alam, Rubhana Raqib, Anjan Kumar, Farjana Haque, Tami Blumenfield and Mary K. Shenk

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:81

    Content type: Research

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  25. In 2015, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief undertook policy shifts to increase efficiencies in its programming, including transitioning HIV/AIDS funding away from low burden areas. We examine the ...

    Authors: Mary Qiu, Ligia Paina, Daniela C. Rodríguez, Jess A. Wilhelm, Ezinne Eze-Ajoku, Alexandra Searle, Henry Zakumumpa, Freddie Ssengooba, Caroline MacKenzie and Sara Bennett

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:80

    Content type: Research

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  26. Lagos state is the industrial nerve centre of Nigeria and was the epicentre of the 2014 Ebola outbreak in Nigeria as it is now for the current Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) outbreak. This paper describes how ...

    Authors: Akin Abayomi, Mobolanle R. Balogun, Munir Bankole, Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Bamidele Mutiu, John Olawepo, Morakinyo Senjobi, Oluwakemi Odukoya, Lanre Aladetuyi, Chioma Ejekam, Akinsanya Folarin, Madonna Emmanuel, Funke Amodu, Adesoji Ologun, Abosede Olusanya, Moses Bakare…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:79

    Content type: Commentary

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  27. The Regional Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP) is a mega regional trade agreement signed by fifteen countries on 15 November 2020 after 8 years of negotiation. Signatories include the ten members of the As...

    Authors: Belinda Townsend

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:78

    Content type: Research

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  28. With the aim to support further understanding of scaling up and sustaining digital health, we explore digital health solutions that have or are anticipated to reach national scale in South Africa: the Perinata...

    Authors: Alison Swartz, Amnesty E. LeFevre, Shehani Perera, Mary V. Kinney and Asha S. George

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:77

    Content type: Research

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  29. A number of individuals in Ethiopia are involved in illegal types of transnational migration, namely human trafficking and smuggling. The magnitude is not declining despite efforts to curb it. An in-depth unde...

    Authors: Lemma Derseh Gezie, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Yigzaw Kebede Gete and Florence Samkange-Zeeb

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:76

    Content type: Research

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  30. There has been greater recognition of the importance of country ownership in global health and development. However, operationalising country ownership to ensure the scale up and sustainability of proven inter...

    Authors: Lisa Mwaikambo, Sarah Brittingham, Saori Ohkubo, Ruwaida Salem, Denis Joel Sama, Fatimata Sow, Deepti Mathur and Nneoma Nonyelum Anieto

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:75

    Content type: Research

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  31. This paper has reviewed the international research on the terms “climate change” and “human migration” from 1999 to 2019. To this end, a bibliometric and a cluster analysis by fractional accounting have been c...

    Authors: Juan Milán-García, José Luis Caparrós-Martínez, Nuria Rueda-López and Jaime de Pablo Valenciano

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:74

    Content type: Research

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  32. Global health partnerships (GHPs) are situated in complex political and economic relationships and involve partners with different needs and interests (e.g., government agencies, non-governmental organizations...

    Authors: Katrina M. Plamondon, Ben Brisbois, Leslie Dubent and Charles P. Larson

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:73

    Content type: Research

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  33. Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are the leading global source of added sugar intake and their consumption is associated with negative health outcomes, such as diabetes, cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and o...

    Authors: Marco Zenone, Diego Silva, Julia Smith and Kelley Lee

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:72

    Content type: Research

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  34. Reflecting global norms, South Africa is associated with high levels of cross-border and internal population mobility, yet migration-aware health system responses are lacking. Existing literature highlights th...

    Authors: Thea de Gruchy, Jo Vearey, Calvin Opiti, Langelihle Mlotshwa, Karima Manji and Johanna Hanefeld

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:71

    Content type: Methodology

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  35. Access to improved water and sanitation infrastructures are key determinants of health. The sub-Saharan African region in particular is lagging behind the ambitious goal of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Deve...

    Authors: Dominik Dietler, Andrea Farnham, Georg Loss, Günther Fink and Mirko S. Winkler

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:70

    Content type: Research

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  36. The International Health Regulations (IHR) are a legally binding instrument designed to improve Global Health Security by limiting the cross boarder spread of health risks. All 196 signatories to the IHR (2005...

    Authors: Ahmed Razavi, Samuel Collins, Anne Wilson and Ebere Okereke

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:69

    Content type: Research

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  37. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including mental health, have become a major concern in low- and middle-income countries. Despite increased attention to them over the past decade, progress toward addressing N...

    Authors: Kanykey Jailobaeva, Jennifer Falconer, Giulia Loffreda, Stella Arakelyan, Sophie Witter and Alastair Ager

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:68

    Content type: Research

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  38. Due to COVID-19, domestic violence victims face a range of mental health challenges, possibly resulting in substantial human and economic consequences. However, there is a lack of mental health interventions t...

    Authors: Zhaohui Su, Dean McDonnell, Stephanie Roth, Quanlei Li, Sabina Šegalo, Feng Shi and Shelly Wagers

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:67

    Content type: Review

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  39. Of the close to 2.6 million stillbirths that happen annually, most are from low-income countries where until recently policies rarely paid special attention to addressing them. The global campaigns that follow...

    Authors: Eric Ssegujja and Michelle Andipatin

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:66

    Content type: Research

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  40. Efficient communication and coordination are needed between countries to prevent, detect and respond to international food safety events. While communication tools, networks and systems exist, current evidence...

    Authors: Carmen Joseph Savelli, Raul Fernando Garcia Acevedo, Jane Simpson and Céu Mateus

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:65

    Content type: Review

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  41. To date (April 2021), medical device (MD) design approaches have failed to consider the contexts where MDs can be operationalised. Although most of the global population lives and is treated in Low- and Middle...

    Authors: Davide Piaggio, Rossana Castaldo, Marco Cinelli, Sara Cinelli, Alessia Maccaro and Leandro Pecchia

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:64

    Content type: Research

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  42. Efficacious health interventions tested through controlled trials often fail to show desired impacts when implemented at scale. These challenges can be particularly pervasive in low- and middle-income settings...

    Authors: Michael J. Penkunas, Shiau Yun Chong, Emma L. M. Rhule, Evangelia Berdou and Pascale Allotey

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:63

    Content type: Commentary

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