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Ecosystems often cross borders, and their ecologies are heavily impacted by globalizing processes: climate change, resource depletion, pollution or, more positively, sustainable agriculture or renewable energy initiatives. Globalization plays a role (for better and for worse) in the health or vitality of ecosystems, which in turn plays a role in human health with feedback loops creating complex pathways of causality. Sustainable development has become the dominant theme of the post-2015 development agenda, as the potential of broad-based ecological crises keeps global environmental issues high on the global policy agenda. Papers submitted under this topic examine pathways by which globalization processes (e.g. trade, investment, economic growth, population growth, and other anthropogenic activities) impact health outcomes via pollution, climate change, biodiversity loss, water security, food security/insecurity, and other ecosystem transformations that give rise to increased health risks. A particular interest is in submissions that address the equity dimensions of the causes and consequences of globalization-related changes in environmental health risks.

  1. Amidst the climate crisis, a key goal of the medical sector is to reduce its large carbon footprint. Although the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic greatly impacted the medical sector, its influence...

    Authors: Hikaru Morooka, Takanori Yamamoto, Akihito Tanaka, Kazuhiro Furuhashi, Yasuhiro Miyagawa and Shoichi Maruyama
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:92
  2. Unlike most other commodities, rare earth elements (REEs) are part of a wide range of applications needed for daily life all over the world. These applications range from cell phones to electric vehicles to wi...

    Authors: Doris Klingelhöfer, Markus Braun, Janis Dröge, Axel Fischer, Dörthe Brüggmann and David A. Groneberg
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2022 18:86
  3. This paper has reviewed the international research on the terms “climate change” and “human migration” from 1999 to 2019. To this end, a bibliometric and a cluster analysis by fractional accounting have been c...

    Authors: Juan Milán-García, José Luis Caparrós-Martínez, Nuria Rueda-López and Jaime de Pablo Valenciano
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:74
  4. Access to improved water and sanitation infrastructures are key determinants of health. The sub-Saharan African region in particular is lagging behind the ambitious goal of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Deve...

    Authors: Dominik Dietler, Andrea Farnham, Georg Loss, Günther Fink and Mirko S. Winkler
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:70
  5. Climate Change is adversely affecting health by increasing human vulnerability and exposure to climate-related stresses. Climate change impacts human health both directly and indirectly, through extreme weathe...

    Authors: Patricia Nayna Schwerdtle, Elizabeth Irvine, Sonia Brockington, Carol Devine, Maria Guevara and Kathryn J. Bowen
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:54
  6. Due to unrestricted entry of wastewater into the environment and the transportation of microbial contaminants to humans and organisms, environmental protection requires the use of appropriate purification syst...

    Authors: Zahra Aghalari, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Mika Sillanpää, Juan Eduardo Sosa-Hernandez and Roberto Parra-Saldívar
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:13
  7. The circular economy framework for human production and consumption is an alternative to the traditional, linear concept of ‘take, make, and dispose’. Circular economy (CE) principles comprise of ‘design out w...

    Authors: Caradee Y. Wright, Linda Godfrey, Giovanna Armiento, Lorren K. Haywood, Roula Inglesi-Lotz, Katrina Lyne and Patricia Nayna Schwerdtle
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:65
  8. Scientific cooperation is one of the effective methods to access current knowledge and technologies and also to use successful experiences of researchers in developed countries by academicians living in develo...

    Authors: Aram Tirgar, Seyed Ali Sajjadi and Zahra Aghalari
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:17