Skip to main content

Table 1 Cross-border health measures to control travel- and trade-related movements

From: Managing borders during public health emergencies of international concern: a proposed typology of cross-border health measures

  INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC
TRAVEL-RELATED MEASURES TRADE-RELATED MEASURES
WHETHER MOVEMENT PERMITTED travel advisory or alert (recommendation) or restriction (requirement) trade advisory or alert (recommendation) or restriction (requirement)
point of entry by land, air or sea open/closed point of entry by land, air or sea open/closed
transport availability transport availability
entry or exit restriction import/export restriction
visa requirement licensing requirement
essential travel documentation essential goods or services documentation
ceilings and quotas import/export quota
WHAT CONDITIONS MOVEMENT OCCURS contact tracing  
entry/exit fees and surcharges import/export tariff
screening inspection
testing testing
quarantine/isolation quarantine/isolation
disease free or vaccination certification disease free or vaccination certification
information provision information provision
vector surveillance and control [59] vector surveillance and control