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Table 1 Arenas, indicators and data sources used in this study

From: The rise and fall of global health issues: an arenas model applied to the COVID-19 pandemic shock

Arenas Indicators Data sources
International aid Development Assistance for Health Financing Global Health Visualization tool (Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2019)
International aid Clinical trials (industry-sponsored) The Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (anzctr.org.au) and ClinicalTrials.gov (sponsored by the U.S. government)
International aid Bibliographic trends PubMed database for overall trends; The New England Journal of Medicine (Advanced Search tool at https://www.nejm.org/ medical-search); The Lancet (Science Direct)
Clinical trials (not industry-sponsored) The Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (anzctr.org.au) and ClinicalTrials.gov (sponsored by the U.S. government)
News media Publishing trends Access World News database; Factiva news database
Civil society Community mobilization Fundraising or programmatic activity among nonstate organizations in offi cial relations with WHO in 2020