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Table 4 Association between COVID-19-related variable reported during lockdown and mental healtha. Results from logistic regression analysis

From: A longitudinal study of mental health before and during COVID-19 lockdown in the French population

  # participants (% with a decreased mental health status score) Adjusted OR
[95% CI]
# participants (% with increase in depression symptoms PHQ-9 score) Adjusted OR
[95% CI]
# participants (% with increase in anxiety symptoms GAD-7 score) Adjusted OR
[95% CI]
Total 1085 (38.9)   954 (16.1)   958 (13.3)  
COVID-19 diagnosis (participant or relatives)
 Yes 240 (46.7) 1.38 [1.02–1.87] 211 (18.0) 1.12 [0.73–1.72] 210 (21.0) 2.18 [1.43–3.30]
 No 845 (36.7) Ref 743 (15.6) Ref 748 (11.1) Ref
COVID-19 suspicion (participant or relatives)
 Yes 249 (47.0) 1.38 [1.02–1.88] 215 (21.4) 1.48 [0.98–2.23] 229 (18.3) 1.52 [0.99–2.32]
 No 836 (36.5) Ref 739 (14.6) Ref 729 (11.7) Ref
Daily COVID-19-related news exposure
 Less than 3 h per day 859 (37.5) Ref 763 (15.1) Ref 758 (12.3) Ref
 3 h or more 226 (44.2) 1.41 [1.03–1.93] 191 (20.4) 1.62 [1.04–2.51] 200 (17.0) 1.56 [0.99–2.45]
Daily social network exposure
 Less than 1 h 602 (35.7) Ref 523 (14.5) Ref 536 (10.1) Ref
 Between 1 h and 2 h 232 (40.9) 1.31 [0.94–1.83] 208 (12.0) 0.73 [0.43–1.24] 207 (15.5) 1.84 [1.12–3.01]
 2 h or more 227 (45.8) 1.43 [1.01–2.04] 201 (24.9) 1.53 [0.97–2.42] 200 (20.0) 2.14 [1.31–3.49]
Impact on personal life
 Not worrying (1 to 3) 285 (25.3) Ref 249 (6.8) Ref 259 (3.9) Ref
 Mildly worrying (4 to 7) 484 (41.1) 1.93 [1.38–2.70] 425 (14.8) 2.43 [1.33–4.43] 426 (9.9) 2.29 [1.11–4.69]
 Very worrying (8 to 10) 296 (49.0) 2.69 [1.86–3.89] 262 (27.5) 5.39 [2.95–9.85] 257 (28.4) 8.62 [4.28–17.34]
Impact on family and relatives
 Not worrying (1 to 3) 156 (22.4) Ref 131 (7.6) Ref 140 (2.9) Ref
 Mildly worrying (4 to 7) 494 (36.8) 1.91 [1.24–2.95] 443 (13.8) 1.75 [0.82–3.71] 440 (8.9) 2.61 [0.90–7.52]
 Very worrying (8 to 10) 409 (47.4) 3.01 [1.93–4.69] 357 (22.4) 3.47 [1.65–7.28] 357 (22.7) 8.33 [2.95–23.46]
Personal financial impact
 Not worrying (1 to 3) 619 (35.4) Ref 535 (13.6) Ref 553 (9.9) Ref
 Mildly worrying (4 to 7) 302 (46.4) 1.57 [1.17–2.12] 270 (18.1) 1.31 [0.86–1.99] 264 (16.3) 1.53 [0.98–2.39]
 Very worrying (8 to 10) 143 (39.2) 1.14 [0.77–1.70] 130 (22.3) 1.62 [0.97–2.71] 124 (21.0) 2.34 [1.37–3.99]
Impact on the country
 Not worrying (1 to 7) 266 (35.3) Ref 243 (13.6) Ref 241 (6.2) Ref
 Very worrying (8 to 10) 799 (40.3) 1.23 [0.91–1.66] 693 (17.2) 1.38 [0.88–2.16] 701 (15.5) 2.51 [1.41–4.45]
  1. a Each line presents the results of a separate model. The adjustment variables are those identified in the models presented in Table 2