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Table 2 Narrative synthesis of prevalence based on scores above cut-off values for different mental health outcomes

From: Mental burden and its risk and protective factors during the early phase of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: systematic review and meta-analyses

  Number of studiesa Lowest reported prevalence (%) Highest reported prevalence (%)
General population
 Anxiety, worries, fear 24 (18 GP, [45, 47, 49, 50, 52, 57, 63, 66, 68, 69, 71, 77, 93]1 [73, 84, 87]1,2
6 M [132, 140, 145]1 [134, 139, 144]1,2)
0.67 (63) 64.0 (46)
 Depressive symptoms 18 (13 GP [45, 49, 50, 52, 57, 63, 66, 68, 69, 71, 93]1 [84, 87]1,2,
5 M [132, 140, 145]1 [139, 144]1,2)
0.9 (89) 48.3 (48)
 PTSS 7 (6 GP [526671]1 [598492]1,2, 1 M [132]1) 7.0 (51) 53.8 (55)
 Sleep-related symptoms 6 (3 GP [7183]1 [84]1,2, 3 M [132]1 [134144]1,2) 0.9 (89) 37.6 (131)
 Stress 5 (4 GP [66687183]1, 1 M [132]1) 0.9 (89) 67.9 (55)
 Psychological distress 7 (5 GP [4145586581]1, 2 M [133136]1) 1.6 (90) 65.2 (112)
Healthcare workers
 Anxiety, worries, fear 22 (14 HCW [9995, 113102103110115120122121]1 [18100105106]1,2,
6 M [130140145]1 [134139144]1,2 )
7.0 (108) 92.0 (144)
 Depressive symptoms 14 (9 HCW [97102110115120121122]1 [18, 106]1,2,
5 M [140, 145]1 [134139, 144]1,2)
0.6 (110) 50.4 (18)
 PTSS 7 (HCW) [102, 110119, 120]1 [18105, 106]1,2 3.8 (82) 73.0 (83)
 Sleep-related symptoms 9 (7 HCW [99, 102, 110, 115, 120]1 [18106]1,2, 2 M [134]1 [144]1,2) 8.27 (127) 38.0 (108)
 Stress 6 (5 HCW [94102110111][108]1,2, 1 M [130]1) 5.2 (102) 56.5 (114)
 Psychological distress 5 (4 HCW [96101112121]1, 1 M [145]1) 11.1 (101) 90.4 (145)
Patients
 Anxiety, worries, fear 6 (5P [123126129131143]1, 1 M [132]1) 19.5 (99) 80.2 (143)
 Depressive symptoms 8 (7 P [123125126128131143]1 [127]1,3, 1 M [132]1) 27.8 (99) 55.3 (88)
 PTSS 2 (1 P [123]1, 1 M [132]1) 31.0 (84) 43.4 (89)
 Sleep-related symptoms 2 (1 P [128]1, 1 M [132]1) 27.6 (89) 66.3 (97)
 Stress 1 (M [132]1) 17.0 (89)
 Psychological distress 1 (M [133]1) 13.1 (90)
  1. Abbreviations: GP general population, HCW healthcare workers, M mixed samples, P patients, PTSS posttraumatic stress symptoms
  2. a reporting prevalence rates for the respective mental health outcome