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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Factors associated with psychological distress, fear and coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia

Characteristics Total, n(%)
Total study participants 587
Age (in years) 534
 Mean (±SD) 41.3 (12.5)
 Range 18 to 77
Age groups 534
 18–29 years 102 (19.1)
 30–59 years 391 (73.2)
 ≥60 years 41 (7.7)
Gender 587
 Male 221 (37.6)
 Female 363 (61.8)
 Others 3 (0.5)
Location in Australia 585
 Victoria 516 (88.2)
 New South Wales 22 (3.8)
 Queensland 10 (1.7)
 Western Australia 9 (1.5)
 Australian Capital Territory 8 (1.4)
 Northern Territory 8 (1.4)
 South Australia 6 (1.0)
 Tasmania 6 (1.0)
Living status 581
 Live without family members (on your own/shared house/others) 133 (22.9)
 Live with family members (partner and/or children) 448 (77.1)
Born in Australia 587
 Yes 238 (40.5)
 No 349 (59.5)
Completed level of education 585
 Grade 1–12 76 (13.0)
 Trade/Certificate/Diploma 91 (15.6)
 Bachelor and above 418 (71.5)
Current employment condition 561
 Unemployed/Home duties 67 (11.9)
 Jobs affected by COVID-19 (lost job/working hours reduced/afraid of job loss) 93 (16.6)
 Have an income source (employed/Government benefits) 401 (71.5)
Perceived distress due to change of employment status 160
 Moderate to a great deal 122 (76.3)
 A little to none 38 (23.8)
Self-identification as a frontline or essential service worker 574
 Yes 243 (42.3)
 No 331 (57.7)
COVID-19 impacted financial situation 569
 Yes 335 (58.9)
 No 234 (41.1)
Co-morbidities 571
 No 285 (49.9)
 Psychiatric/Mental health issues 41 (7.2)
 Other co-morbidities* 245 (42.9)
Smoking 441
 Ever smoker (Daily/Non-daily/Ex) 59 (13.4)
 Never smoker 382 (86.6)
Increased smoking over the last 4 weeks 59
 Yes 25 (42.4)
 No 34 (57.6)
Current alcohol drinking (last 4 weeks) 568
 Yes 210 (37.0)
 No 358 (63.0)
Increased alcohol drinking over the last 4 weeks 207
 Yes 65 (31.4)
 No 142 (68.6)
Provided care to a family member/patient with known/suspected case of COVID-19 566
 Yes 101 (17.8)
 No 465 (82.2)
Experience related to COVID-19 pandemic (multiple responses possible) 566
 I have been self-isolating prior to receiving negative result for COVID-19 73 (12.4)
 I had recent overseas travel history and was in self-quarantine 9 (1.5)
 No known exposure to COVID-19 470 (80.1)
Healthcare service use in the last 4 weeks 563
 Visited healthcare providers in person 64 (11.4)
 Telehealth consultation with healthcare providers/National helpline 50 (8.9)
 No 449 (79.8)
Healthcare service use to overcome COVID-19 related stress in the last 4 weeks 549
 Yes 38 (6.9)
 No 511 (93.1)
Type of healthcare service used to overcome COVID-19 related stress in the last 4 weeks 38
 Consulted a GP 12 (31.6)
 Consulted a Psychologist 6 (15.8)
 Consulted a Psychiatrist 3 (7.9)
 Used specialised mental healthcare settings 1 (2.6)
 Used mental health resources 2 (5.3)
 Used mental health resources available through media 6 (15.8)
 Used mental health support services 8 (21.1)
  1. * Cardiac diseases/Stroke/Hypertension/Hyperlipidaemia/Diabetes/Cancer/Chronic respiratory illness