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Table 1 Characteristics of existing guidance documents on evidence-based policymaking

From: Promoting the use of evidence in health policymaking in the ECOWAS region: the development and contextualization of an evidence-based policymaking guidance

Author [Reference] Year of publication Title Target users Main focus of Guidance
Blanchet et al. [18] 2018 Using Research Evidence in the Humanitarian Sector: A practice guide Policymakers, practitioners (i). What evidence informed decision-making is, (ii). developing and implementing a new intervention, (iii). creating a theory of change, (iv). different types of research methods, designs and approaches, and how to judge the quality of research.
Ministry of Health, Malawi [19] 2016 Guidelines for Evidence Use in Decision-Making in the Health Sector Policymakers (i). Foundation of Public Policy-Making, (ii). theory in public policy-making, (iii). key stages of the public policy-making process and evidence use, (iii). characteristics of good public policy-making, (iv). facilitators and barriers to evidence use in policy-making,
Wills et al. [20] 2016 Guidelines and good practices for evidence-informed policy-making in a government department Policymakers (i). Using a broad definition of ‘robust evidence’, (ii). linking evidence needs to policy priorities, (iii). linking an evidence-informed approach with business planning, budgeting and reporting, (iv). ensuring evidence processes are inclusive and participatory
Breckon et al. [21] 2016 Using Research
Evidence: A Practice
Guide
Decision-makers in government, voluntary organizations (i). The four elements of evidence-based management (ii). reasons for needing evidence and creating a theory of change, (iii). how to judge the quality of research and where to look for evidence (iv). how to communicate findings
Ministry of Health, Kenya [22]. 2015 Guidelines for evidence use in policy-making Policymakers (i). Context of public policy-making, (ii). key stages of the policy-making process and evidence use, (iii). facilitators and barriers to evidence use in policy-making, (iv). health policy development process, accessing evidence for policy-making
The Council of State Governments [23] 2008 State Policy Guide:
Using Research in Public Health Policymaking
Policymakers, legislators (i). Legislators use of research evidence in public health policymaking (ii). understanding public health research: key facts and terms (iii). how researchers measure success of policies and programs? (viii). using research results in policymaking, and drafting public health legislation