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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the study sample (n = 1346)

From: When altruists cannot help: the influence of altruism on the mental health of university students during the COVID-19 pandemic

  Without anxiety
symptoms (N = 992)
With anxiety
symptoms (N = 354)
p value
n (%) n (%)  
Sex    0.14
 Male (n = 364) 279 (28.1%) 85 (24.0%)  
 Female (n = 982) 713 (71.9%) 269 (76.0%)  
Ethnic group    0.78
 Han (n = 1143) 844 (85.1%) 299 (84.5%)  
 Others (n = 203) 148 (14.9%) 55 (15.5%)  
Mean Age (SD) 19.63 (2.15) 20.13 (2.40) < 0.001
  Without depression
symptoms (N = 917)
With depression
symptoms (N = 429)
pvalue
n (%) n (%)  
Sex    0.90
 Male (n = 364) 247 (26.9%) 117 (27.3%)  
 Female (n = 982) 670 (73.2%) 312 (72.7%)  
Ethnic group    0.39
 Han (n = 1143) 784 (85.5%) 359 (83.7%)  
 Others (n = 203) 133 (14.5%) 70 (16.3%)  
Mean Age(SD) 19.63 (2.13) 20.04 (2.41) 0.001
  1. Note. The cut-off score for with and without anxiety / depressive symptoms is 5 in this study
  2. p value: Chi-square test for sex and ethnic comparisons; Mann-Whitney U test for age comparisons