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Table 3 Multinomial logit regression results of social capital and subjective well-being (SWB) among older adults in LIMC’s

From: Social capital is associated with improved subjective well-being of older adults with chronic non-communicable disease in six low- and middle-income countries

Explanatory variablesGhanaChinaIndia
Mod. SWBbHigh.SWBcMod. SWBHigh. SWBMod. SWBHigh. SWB
Social capital1.03**1.08***1.09***1.15***1.12***1.14***
(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)
MCCa (=1, 0 = Single NCD)0.680.630.76*0.49***1.040.87
(0.24)(0.24)(0.12)(0.07)(0.24)(0.19)
Social capital*MMC1.011.020.980.970.970.95**
(0.02)(0.02)(0.03)(0.02)(0.02)(0.02)
Male (=1, 0 = Female)0.69*0.970.880.930.67**0.62***
(0.15)(0.20)(0.10)(0.10)(0.10)(0.09)
Married (=1, 0 = Single)1.131.041.35***1.61***1.061.42***
(0.23)(0.21)(0.15)(0.17)(0.15)(0.19)
Age in years0.98*0.97***1.01***1.03***0.99**0.97***
(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)(0.01)
Working (=1, 0 = not working)2.29***3.38***1.74***2.19***2.09***2.51***
(0.41)(0.60)(0.20)(0.24)(0.32)(0.36)
Income tertile (Ref = Low)
 Medium0.981.64**1.40***2.08***1.33*1.43**
(0.22)(0.37)(0.17)(0.23)(0.21)(0.22)
 High1.77***4.17***1.96***4.17***2.69***4.51***
(0.36)(0.86)(0.22)(0.44)(0.40)(0.64)
Education (ref = No education)
 Primary0.930.821.29**1.39***1.111.23
(0.20)(0.17)(0.14)(0.14)(0.15)(0.16)
 Secondary1.371.281.50***1.67***1.241.79***
(0.33)(0.29)(0.21)(0.22)(0.25)(0.34)
 Tertiary1.432.16*1.012.39***1.273.32***
(0.73)(0.98)(0.33)(0.68)(0.53)(1.23)
Currently drinking alcohol (=1, 0 = not drinking alcohol)1.181.051.45***1.56***1.521.70**
(0.24)(0.21)(0.21)(0.21)(0.40)(0.42)
Currently smoking (=1, 0 = not drinking alcohol)0.800.61*0.890.79*1.101.04
(0.23)(0.17)(0.11)(0.09)(0.14)(0.12)
Number of fruit and vegetables consumed0.91***0.94**1.02*1.02**1.051.14***
(0.03)(0.03)(0.01)(0.01)(0.04)(0.04)
Engaged in moderate intensive exercise (=1, 0 = Not engaged)0.961.32***1.12***1.13***1.021.06
(0.08)(0.09)(0.03)(0.03)(0.04)(0.04)
Urban (=1, 0 = rural)1.091.331.70***2.17***1.211.33**
(0.20)(0.23)(0.18)(0.22)(0.18)(0.18)
Constant1.411.200.14***0.05***0.550.93
(0.97)(0.82)(0.06)(0.02)(0.29)(0.46)
Pseudo R-sq.0.150.090.12
LR-ChiSq412.6***985.3***650.1***
Observations125458932633
  1. aMultiple Chronic Condition: bModerate Subject well-being; cModerate Subject well-being; Robust standard errors in parentheses *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1