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Table 1 The rise of Paraguay as an illicit transit hub from the US to Argentina in the 1960s

From: From transit hub to major supplier of illicit cigarettes to Argentina and Brazil: the changing role of domestic production and transnational tobacco companies in Paraguay between 1960 and 2003

Year Cigarette production in Paraguay (million sticks) US legal cigarette exports to Paraguay (million sticks) Estimated cigarette contraband in Argentina (million sticks)a
1951–60 avg 494 No Data 520
1961 435 169 3200
1962 480 49 200
1963 422 204 2000
1964 520 684 2400
1965 598 967 1600
1966 574 1270 2400
1967 418 1423 3000
1968 366 1770 3800
1969 346 742 4000
1970 366 574 3600
1971 400 560 3200
1972 640 216 800
1973 620 549 1800
1974 630 865 1000
1975 640 783 No data
1976 650 804 No data
1977 No data 684 No data
1978 No data 856 No data
  1. Sources: Cigarette Production in Paraguay: USDA, Foreign Agriculture Service, World Tobacco Analysis: Consumer Marketing, February, 1958
  2. USDA, Foreign Agricultural Circular-Tobacco, various years, 1958-77
  3. US legal cigarette exports to Paraguay: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Circular-Tobacco, various years, 1960-63
  4. USDA, Foreign Agricultural Circular-Tobacco, various years, 1963-1978
  5. USDA, Economic Research Service, Tobacco Situation, various years 1967-1990
  6. aEstudio Sur, Estudio de la demanda de tabaco nacional , Buenos Aires, 1975, Cuadro A-17: 24 and Anexo C, Cuadro C-4: 81