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Table 1 Mean monthly food expenditures and mean percentage of calories purchased

From: Overweight, obesity, and food consumption in Galapagos, Ecuador: a window on the world

     Mean percentage of expended dollars
NOVA food classification
Mean percentage of purchased calories
NOVA food classification
Year n Unprocessed or Minimally processed Processed culinary ingredient Processed Ultra-processed Unprocessed or minimally processed Processed culinary ingredient Processed Ultra-processed
A. Area Urban 2009 931 73.2 (72.3-74.1)*** 5.4 (5.1-5.6)* 7.4 (7.0-7.8)*** 16.8 (15.8-17.9) 58.3 (56.8-59.8)*** 17.7 (17.0-18.5) 5.9 (5.4-6.4) 21.3 (19.6-23.0)***
Urban 2014 486 69.2 (67.7-70.8) 6.1 (5.6-6.6) 11.2 (9.9-12.6) 19.3 (17.0-21.6) 52.3 (49.8-54.9) 18.7 (17.1-20.4) 5.4 (4.9-5.8) 30.3 (26.7-34.0)
Rural 2009 306 76.4 (75.2-77.5) 5.9 (5.3-6.5) 7.3 (6.8-7.8). 11.7 (10.5-12.9) 67.8 (65.6-70.0) 16.4 (15.0-17.8) 6.0 (5.4-6.7) 10.9 (9.0-12.8).
Rural 2014 82 74.0 (71.2-76.7) 5.6 (5.1-6.0) 8.6 (7.3-10.0) 14.8 (11.2-18.4) 62.5 (55.4-69.7) 17.5 (15.8-19.1) 5.5 (5.0-6.0) 19.2 (11.1-27.2)
B. Age in years >60 2009 183 74.9 (72.1-77.6)* 5.9 (5.2-6.5)* 7.4 (6.5-8.2)** 16.8 (13.1-20.6) 61.6 (57.9-65.3)* 18.1 (16.3-20.0). 5.8 (4.8-6.8) 20.6 (16.0-25.3)
>60 2014 78 69.6 (65.7-73.5) 7.4 (6.1-8.6) 10.7 (8.7-12.8) 16.5 (12.5-20.5) 54.8 (49.6-60.0) 22.0 (18.5-25.5) 5.5 (4.4-6.7) 23.2 (17.8-28.6)
  40-59 2009 589 74.2 (73.2-75.3) 5.5 (5.1-5.8) 7.6 (7.0-8.2)** 14.6 (13.5-15.7) 61.5 (59.8-63.2)** 17.5 (16.6-18.4) 6.1 (5.5-6.7). 17.2 (15.4-19.0)***
40-59 2014 277 72.6 (70.9-74.3) 5.6 (5.1-6.0) 9.9 (8.6-11.1) 16.4 (14.1-18.7) 55.6 (52.2-58.9) 17.7 (16.2-19.3) 5.3 (4.8-5.9) 26.9 (22.6-31.2)
20-39 2009 463 72.4 (71.1-73.7)** 5.3 (5.0-5.6)* 7.0 (6.6-7.5)*** 18.0 (16.5-19.5) 56.3 (53.8-58.8) 17.4 (16.2-18.5) 5.6 (4.9-6.4) 23.3 (20.6-26.1)**
20-39 2014 212 67.6 (64.6-70.5) 6.0 (5.4-6.5) 11.6 (9.5-13.6) 21.6 (17.8-25.4) 53.6 (50.0-57.3) 17.9 (16.4-19.4) 5.4 (4.9-6.0) 31.0 (26.2-35.7)
C. Education None or Primary 2009 400 76.4 (75.1-77.7)** 6.0 (5.6-6.4)* 7.0 (6.6-7.5)*** 13.0 (11.3-14.7) 65.6 (63.1-68.1)** 16.8 (15.6-18.1)* 5.1 (4.6-5.6) 15.5 (12.8-18.3)**
None or Primary 2014 126 72.4 (69.7-75.0) 7.1 (6.2-8.0) 10.7 (8.9-12.4) 16.2 (12.5-19.9) 57.2 (51.6-62.8) 19.8 (17.4-22.3) 5.2 (4.4-6.0) 25.0 (19.2-30.8)
Secondary 2009 571 73.0 (71.8-74.1)** 5.2 (4.9-5.5). 7.5 (6.9-8.1)*** 17.0 (15.7-18.2) 57.0 (55.0-59.0) 17.7 (16.8-18.7) 6.2 (5.4-7.0). 21.4 (19.2-23.6)**
Secondary 2014 276 69.7 (67.7-71.7) 5.8 (5.3-6.3) 11.3 (9.6-12.9) 19.9 (17.0-22.8) 54.8 (51.5-58.0) 18.1 (16.5-19.7) 5.2 (4.7-5.8) 29.8 (25.3-34.4)
Univ or Higher 2009 266 71.4 (69.5-73.3) 5.2 (4.7-5.7) 7.5 (6.8-8.2)* 18.6 (16.6-20.6) 57.1 (54.5-59.7)* 18.1 (16.6-19.6) 6.4 (5.6-7.1) 22.5 (19.6-25.4).
Univ or Higher 2014 166 69.8 (67.2-72.3) 5.3 (4.8-5.9) 9.5 (8.1-10.8) 17.2 (15.0-19.4) 52.7 (49.5-56.0) 17.8 (16.1-19.6) 5.8 (5.2-6.5) 26.7 (22.8-30.6)
D. Sex Male 2009 419 72.0 (70.2-73.8)** 5.4 (5.0-5.8)* 8.1 (7.1-9.1)*** 20.0 (17.9-22.1)* 54.4 (51.6-57.2)* 17.7 (16.5-18.9) 6.8 (5.8-7.8) 26.5 (23.3-29.7)**
Male 2014 156 65.8 (62.4-69.3) 6.6 (5.7-7.4) 14.5 (11.6-17.3) 25.0 (20.6-29.4) 48.3 (43.7-52.9) 19.9 (17.2-22.5) 6.3 (5.4-7.1) 38.8 (32.3-45.3)
Female 2009 818 74.3 (73.5-75.2)** 5.5 (5.2-5.7) 7.0 (6.7-7.4)*** 14.4 (13.5-15.2) 61.9 (60.5-63.4)** 17.5 (16.7-18.3) 5.5 (5.1-6.0) 16.9 (15.4-18.4)***
Female 2014 412 71.9 (70.3-73.5) 5.8 (5.4-6.2) 9.3 (8.4-10.1) 15.8 (13.8-17.8) 57.0 (53.9-60.1) 18.0 (16.6-19.4) 5.1 (4.7-5.4) 23.8 (20.3-27.4)
E. Total Total 2009 1237 73.6 (72.8-74.4)*** 5.5 (5.2-5.7)* 7.4 (7.0-7.7)*** 16.2 (15.3-17.1). 59.6 (58.2-60.9)** 17.5 (16.9-18.2) 5.9 (5.5-6.3). 20.0 (18.5-21.4)***
Total 2014 568 70.4 (68.9-71.9) 6.0 (5.6-6.4) 10.6 (9.5-11.7) 18.3 (16.2-20.4) 54.8 (51.7-57.8) 18.4 (17.1-19.7) 5.4 (5.0-5.7) 27.9 (24.1-31.6)