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Table 2 Drug costs in diabetic patients

From: Cost of diabetes mellitus in Africa: a systematic review of existing literature

Ref* Country DM Type Drug costs (I$) % of treatment cost
Outpatient
 1 Nigeria 2 468.28 /annum p.p 62%
 5 Seychelles 1 & 2 6.09 / annum p.p 14%
 8 Sudan 2 42,177.93 /annum p.p 53%
 10 Nigeria 1 & 2 80.97 / month p.p 77%
 12 Nigeria 2 362.41 / patient / annum 39%
 20 Nigeria 2 88 / month p.p 14%
 23 Uganda n.s 0.36 / visit 5%
 24 Nigeria 1 & 2 1025 / annum p.p 90%
 25 Nigeria 1 & 2 420.63 / annum p.p 68%
Hospitalisation
 7 Nigeria 2 553.03 / admission 47%
 11 Ethiopia 1 & 2 511.83 / person / admission 64%
 17 South Africa n.s 461 / patient / admission 7%
 18 Nigeria 1 & 2 1438 / admission 50%
 21 South Africa n.s 80 / person / admission 4%
Others
 9 Nigeria n.s 4.81 / patient /day n.a
 14 Cameroon 2 3.85 / person / month n.a
 16 Kenya 2 Insulin - 10 / month / p.p (average cost) Oral agents - 20 / month / p.p (median cost) n.a
  1. Notes: DM diabetes mellitus, p.p per person, n.a not applicable, n.s not specified
  2. *Reference index in Additional file 3