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Table 4 Logistic regression for exclusive breastfeeding for six months by intervention arm controlling for baseline characteristics, MIYCN Study, Nairobi Slums

From: Effectiveness of home-based nutritional counselling and support on exclusive breastfeeding in urban poor settings in Nairobi: a cluster randomized controlled trial

  OR(Unadj) p-value 95% CI OR(Adj)a p-value 95% CI
Intervention Group (ref: Control) 1.03 0.941 0.48–2.20 1.11 0.718 0.61–2.02
Child Sex (ref: Male) 0.88 0.127 0.74–1.04 0.80 0.035 0.66–0.98
Mother’s age (Ref: 30–45)
 14–20 0.74 0.096 0.52–1.06 0.99 0.945 0.66–1.48
 21–24 0.68 0.024 0.50–0.94 0.81 0.325 0.52–1.27
 25–29 0.74 0.109 0.50–1.08 0.78 0.149 0.54–1.11
Mother’s marital status (ref: Married) 0.74 0.158 0.47–1.15 0.60 0.004 0.44–0.82
Mother’s highest completed education level (ref: <Primary)
 Primary School 0.96 0.806 0.66–1.39 0.95 0.768 0.67–1.36
 Secondary School 0.86 0.469 0.56–1.33 1.01 0.956 0.63–1.63
Mother’s religion (ref: Christian) 0.95 0.858 0.52–1.74 0.51 0.072 0.25–1.07
Mother’s occupation (ref: Unemployed)
 Business 1.26 0.239 0.84–1.89 0.95 0.798 0.60–1.50
 Informal employment 0.91 0.572 0.65–1.28 0.74 0.150 0.49–1.13
 Formal employment 0.35 0.001 0.21–0.59 0.31 0.000 0.18–0.54
Mother’s ethnicity (ref: Kikuyu)
 Luhya 0.89 0.583 0.56–1.41 0.85 0.507 0.50–1.44
 Luo 0.90 0.595 0.61–1.35 0.82 0.240 0.58–1.16
 Kamba 0.80 0.154 0.59–1.10 0.97 0.869 0.66–1.42
 Other groups 0.50 0.003 0.33–0.76 0.64 0.151 0.34–1.20
Mother’s parity (ref: Null)
 One 1.15 0.420 0.80–1.64 1.23 0.263 0.84–1.79
 Two+ 1.44 0.042 1.01–2.05 1.44 0.228 0.77–2.70
Household wealth status (ref:Lowest)
 Middle 0.72 0.390 0.32–1.61 0.69 0.347 0.30–1.57
 Upper 0.54 0.105 0.25–1.16 0.52 0.034 0.29–0.94
Household food insecurity status (ref: Food Secure)
 Moderate Food Insecure 1.07 0.744 0.70–1.62 0.92 0.678 0.60–1.41
 Severely Food insecure 1.25 0.436 0.69–2.25 0.90 0.658 0.53–1.51
Place of delivery (ref: health facility)       
Outside health facility 0.75 0.381 0.37–1.50 0.58 0.061 0.33–1.03
Mother knowledgeable on EBF (at baseline) (Ref: No)b 1.45 0.006 1.13-1.86 1.58 0.002 1.23–2.02
  1. aIntracluster Correlation (ICC) of 12.7% was adjusted for
  2. bKnowledge that food/drinks other than breast milk should be introduced at six months