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Table 2 Types of study designs and study settings, stratified by student versus professional and by local versus international sponsor

From: Map of biomedical research in Cameroon; a documentary review of approved protocols from 1997 to 2012

Study Design stratified by student versus professional investigators
  Students (%) Professional (%) P-value
Cross sectional 820 (56.4) 328 (45.7) <0.001
Longitudinal 256 (17.6) 272 (37.9) <0.001
Case control 71 (4.9) 29 (4.0) 0.36
Cohort 298 (20.5) 77 (10.7) <0.001
Case series 4 (0.3) 4 (0.6) 0.31
Ecological studies 2 (0.2) 8 (1.2) <0.001
Others 3 (0.2) 0 0.24
Total 1454 718  
Study Design stratified by local sponsors versus international sponsors
  Local sponsor (%) International (%)  
Cross sectional 844 (55.1) 109 (37.3) <0.001
Longitudinal 320 (20.9) 135 (46.2) <0.001
Case control 68 (4.4) 14 (4.8) 0.76
Cohort 285 (18.6) 31 (10.6) <0.001
Case series 8 (0.5) 0 0.23
Ecological studies 5 (0.3) 3 (1.0) 0.09
Others 1 (0.1) 0 0.59
Total 1531 292  
Study Settings stratified by students versus professional
  Students (%) Professional (%)  
Laboratory 84 (6.1) 99 (13.5) <0.001
Hospital 1104 (80.2) 424 (57.8) <0.001
Community 126 (9.2) 176 (24.0) <0.001
Other 63 (4.6) 35 (4.8) 0.84
Total 1377 734  
Study Settings stratified by local sponsor versus international sponsor
  Local Sponsor (%) International (%)  
Laboratory 128 (8.0) 43 (13.7) <0.001
Hospital 1196 (75.0) 178 (56.5) <0.001
Community 198 (12.4) 77 (24.4) <0.001
Other 72 (4.5) 17 (5.4) 0.49
Total 1594 315  
Result Dissemination Plan
Have a result dissemination plan Local Sponsors International Sponsors p-value
Yes 137(7.6) 107 (29.0) <0.001
No 1666 (92.4) 262 (71.0)
Total 1803 369
  1. P-value <0.01: strong evidence; <0.05: good evidence