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Table 1 Country characteristics for all 48 sub-Saharan Africa countries by sub-region

From: Mapping mHealth (mobile health) and mobile penetrations in sub-Saharan Africa for strategic regional collaboration in mHealth scale-up: an application of exploratory spatial data analysis

Geographic Region No. Country Population (2015) GNI per capita, PPP (current US$, 2015) Income groupa Adult literacy rate (15+ years, both sexes, %, 2015) Healthy Life Expectancy at Birth (years, 2015)
Eastern Africa 1 Burundi 10,199,270 280 L 85.5 52.2
2 Comoros (insular) 777,424 790 L 78.1 55.9
3 Eritrea 4,474,690b 520b L 73.8 55.7
4 Ethiopia 99,873,033 600 L 49.0 56.1
5 Kenya 47,236,259 1310 LM 78.0 55.6
6 Madagascar (insular) 24,234,088 420 L 64.7 56.9
7 Malawi 17,573,607 340 L 66.0 51.2
8 Mauritius (insular) 1,262,605 9780 UM 90.6 66.8
9 Mozambique 28,010,691 590 L 58.8 49.6
10 Rwanda 11,629,553 710 L 71.2 56.6
11 Seychelles (insular) 93,419 14,680 H 95.3 65.5
12 Somalia 13,908,129 NA L NA 47.8
13 South Sudan 11,882,136 820 L 32.0 49.9
14 Tanzania 53,879,957 910 L 80.4 54.2
15 Uganda 40,144,870 680 L 73.8 54
16 Zambia 16,100,587 1560 LM 85.1 53.7
17 Zimbabwe 15,777,451 960 L 86.9 52.1
Average 24,536,442 2295.3 - 73.1 54.9
Western Africa 18 Benin 10,575,952 870 L 38.4 52.5
19 Burkina Faso 18,110,624 650 L 37.7 52.6
20 Cabo Verde (insular) 532,913 3150 LM 88.5 64.2
21 Cote d’Ivoire 23,108,472 1490 LM 43.3 47
22 Gambia, The 1,977,590 450 L 55.6 53.8
23 Ghana 27,582,821 1470 LM 76.6 55.3
24 Guinea 12,091,533 490 L 30.5 51.7
25 Guinea-Bissau 1,770,526 610 L 59.8 51.5
26 Liberia 4,499,621 380 L 47.6 52.7
27 Mali 17,467,905 760 L 33.1 51.1
28 Mauritania 4,182,341 1230 LM 52.1 55.1
29 Niger 19,896,965 390 L 19.1 54.2
30 Nigeria 181,181,744 2870 LM 59.6 47.7
31 Senegal 14,976,994 980 L 55.6 58.3
32 Sierra Leone 7,237,025 550 L 48.4 44.4
33 Togo 7,416,802 540 L 66.5 52.8
Average 22,038,114 1055 - 50.8 52.8
Middle Africa 34 Angola 27,859,305 4070 UM 71.2 45.9
35 Cameroon 22,834,522 1350 LM 75.0 50.3
36 Central African Republic 4,546,100 360 L 36.8 45.9
37 Chad 14,009,413 880 L 40.0 46.1
38 Congo, Dem. Rep. 76,196,619 430 L 77.2 51.8
39 Congo, Rep. 4,995,648 2350 LM 79.3 56.6
40 Equatorial Guinea 1,175,389 9190 UM 95.2 51.3
41 Gabon 1,930,175 8010 UM 83.2 57.2
42 Sao Tome and Principe (insular) 195,553 1700 LM 91.7 59
Average 17,082,525 3148.9 - 72.2 51.6
Southern Africa 43 Botswana 2,209,197 6640 UM 88.2 56.9
44 Lesotho 2,174,645 1300 LM 79.4 46.6
45 Namibia 2,425,561 5260 UM 90.8 57.5
46 South Africa 55,011,977 6090 UM 94.6 54.4
47 Swaziland 1,319,011 3130 LM 87.5 50.9
Average 12,628,078 4484 - 88.1 53.3
Northern Africa 48 Sudan 38,647,803 2000 LM 58.6 55.9
  1. aIncome group- H high income county, UM upper-middle income country, LM lower-middle income country, L low income country
  2. bdata from 2011