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Table 4 Texting Among Mobile Phone Owners: Results of Multivariate Analysis (N = 452)

From: A study of mobile phone use among patients with noncommunicable diseases in La Paz, Bolivia: implications for mHealth research and development

  Sends or receives at least once a week
  OR (95 % CI) p-value
Demographics   
Age   <0.01
 18–29 Ref  
 30–49 0.30 (0.08, 1.07)  
 50–64 0.09 (0.03, 0.31)  
 65+ 0.07 (0.02, 0.25)  
Gender   0.37
 Male Ref  
 Female 1.25 (0.77, 2.01)  
Indigenous language used at home   0.71
 Yes 0.91 (0.54, 1.52)  
 No Ref  
Health Literacya   0.14
 Low 0.65 (0.37, 1.15)  
 High Ref  
Education in years   <0.01
 ≤6 Ref  
 7–12 1.94 (1.09, 3.45)  
 >12 5.59 (2.84, 10.99)  
Health Status   
Self-Reported Health   0.08
 G./V.G./Exc.b Ref  
 Poor or fair 0.63 (0.38, 1.06)  
Number of Self-Reported Chronic Conditions   0.03
 0 Ref  
 1 0.41 (0.21, 0.79)  
 ≥2 0.59 (0.30, 1.14)  
Depressedc   0.24
 Yes 0.75 (0.47, 1.21)  
 No Ref  
Health Care Access   
Cost-related access barrierd   0.29
 Yes 1.30 (0.80, 2.12)  
 No Ref  
Travel time to clinic in minutes   0.04
 0–29 Ref  
 30–59 0.58 (0.34, 0.99)  
 ≥60 0.50 (0.27, 0.90)  
  1. aDefined as not being able to read, frequently or always needing someone to help read papers from health center, frequently or always having problems understanding written medical instructions; bGood/Very Good/Excellent; cAs measured by a score of 3 or more on the PHQ-2 questionnaire; d“In the past year, did cost keep you from going to a clinic or hospital?”