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Table 1 Methods used and details of data collection and analysis in each country

From: Analysis of human resources for health strategies and policies in 5 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, in response to GFATM and PEPFAR-funded HIV-activities

  Angola Burundi Lesotho Mozambique SA
Ethics approval National and provincial health authorities National ethics committee Ethics committee of the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare National bioethics committee National, provincial and municipal government research committees, UWC ethics committee
Period of data collection 2009 April-June 2009 February- June 2008 July- 2009 February 2007 March- September; 2008 2008 September -2010 October
2010 May 2011 March- June   2010 February-May
2011 June-September
Language of data collection Portuguese French / Kirundi English Portuguese and English English, Xhosa, Afrikaans, Zulu
Number and type of interviews National level: Ministry of Health (minister, advisors from the Ministry of Health / PAV-MINSA “immunization program”), and offices of selected Implementing Partners (UNICEF, ONUSIDA, EU, WHO) and NGOs 11 in 2009 1 in 2010 National level: MoH officials (senior managers, HRH/ planning/ programs managers), National AIDS Council secretariat, NGOs representatives, GHIs representatives 27 in 2009 26 in 2011 National level : in-depth key informant interviews with 22 representatives of the government, bilateral and multilateral development agencies and other stakeholders at the national level National level: 21 in 2008; Ministry of Health (MoH) officials, offices of selected Implementing Partners (WHO, UNAIDS, UNICEF, Irish Aid, PMI/CDC, World Bank, USAID, CDC, DFID) and NGOs (MONASO-network of national NGOs working on AIDS, Malaria Consortium, Health Alliance International National level: MoH officials, SANAC, international NGO coordinators, international health agencies coordinators 19 in 2008–2009 18 in 2010
Sub-national level: provincial government officers, NGOs, district managers, facility managers 30 in 2011 Sub-national level: provincial government officers, provincial AIDS committee, NGOs, district managers, facility managers and employees 35 in 2009 45 in 2011   Sub-national level: around 60 with provincial and district health directorates, HR managers, NGO managers, individuals in charge of health facilities and services responsible in 2010 Sub-national levels: Provincial and municipal governments, sub-provincial management levels (general manager, HR manager, finance manager) N = 105 from 2009 to 2010
Facility and NGO level: NGO representative, health workers, facility manager N = 144
Type of documents analyzed National health policy, national programs of Malaria, Tuberculosis and Maternal Health and national and international reports; Published literature and unpublished documents provided by key informants of MINSA, national and international NGOs, Provincial Health Department and Municipal Hospitals. Policy and planning documents from programs and HRH unit, national health plan, proposals for GHIs Review of Lesotho’s Round 5 Grant Score Cards Grant Performance reports and policy and planning documents from programs and HRH unit, national plan : 10-15 Policy and planning documents from National programs and HR National Directorate, national health plan, grey documents Policy and planning documents from national department of health, grey documents, proposals for GHIs, draft policies
Quantitative sampling method (sub-national level NA 3 provinces (2 rural and one urban, in each of which 3 or 4 facilities (NGO, private and public) were selected (14 in 2009 and 12 in 2011) NA NA 3 provinces, minimum of 2 districts in each, minimum of two facilities in each district at lowest level providing ART initiation. Rural/urban sampling where possible at each level
Type of quantitative data HRH national report and national HIV program report for ART patients figures Survey at facility level (N = 105 in 2009, N = 78 in 2011) to health workers (salary level, incentives, trainings, supervision) NA Surveys at facility level for HRH, infrastructures mapping, health information system, and pharmacy information; surveys for NGO mapping and district health services network Health system trust database for HRH data;
National ART report for ART patients number
Surveys at facility level for HRH number and trainings, surveys for NGO mapping and district health services network
HRH national review and national HIV program report for ART patients figures
Analysis method (software used) Qualitative data: Thematic analysis - analyzed manually Qualitative data: Framework analysis using Atlas.ti for Qualitative data: Framework analysis using Atlas.ti Qualitative data: Thematic analysis using Nvivo and content analysis Qualitative data: Thematic analysis both manually and using Atlas.ti
Quantitative data: analyzed using Stata (version 8)