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Table 1 Socio-demographic and sex work characteristics of female, male and transgender participants in Kenya, Uganda, South Africa and Zimbabwe

From: Human rights abuses and collective resilience among sex workers in four African countries: a qualitative study

Variable Females Kenya, Mombasa (n = 16) Females Uganda, Kampala (n = 25) Females South Africa Females Zimbabwe, Bulawayo (n = 21) Male and transgender across sites (n = 30)
Hillbrow, Gauteng Province (n = 15) Limpopo Province (n = 29)
Age mean years (sd) 29 .0 (3.3) 28.6 (7.1) 30.7 (5.6) 26.7 (4.8) 35.9 (7.5) 25.9 (4.6)
Migration history % (n)       
  Born outside the city 69 (11) 100 (25) 100 (15) 96 (27) 50 (10) 59 (17)
  Born outside the country 0 (0) 0 (0) 60 (9) 61 (17) 0 (0) 24 (7)
Education completed % (n)       
  Primary school 19 (3) 63 (15) 7 (1) 17 (5) 48 (10) 20 (6)
  Secondary school 63 (10) 38 (9) 93 (14) 83 (24) 43 (9) 67 (20)
  Tertiary 19 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 10 (2) 13 (4)
Mean children (sd) 2.1 (1.1) 2.5 (1.3) 1.5 (0.9) 1.3 (0.9) 2.4 (1.4) 0.3 (0.6)
Other income sources % (n) 6 (1) 20 (5) 33 (5) 69 (20) 52 (11) 23 (7)
Age began sex work       
 Mean years (sd) 17.6 (3.6) 21.2 (4.4) 25.8 (6.8) 23.1 (4.6) 26.6 (5.0) 19.0 (3.3)
Years doing sex work % (n)       
  0–2 0 (0) 4 (1) 27 (4) 41 (12) 0 (0) 33 (10)
  3–9 38 (6) 68 (17) 67 (10) 52 (15) 57 (12) 27 (8)
  ≥10 63 (10) 28 (7) 7 (1) 7 (2) 43 (9) 40 (12)
Current workplace(s)*% (n)       
  Hotel 44 (7) 36 (9) 20 (3) 14 (4) 24 (5) 43 (13)
  Bar or club 56 (9) 72 (18) 60 (9) 24 (7) 57 (12) 67 (20)
  Brothel 50 (8) 48 (12) 47 (7) 3 (1) 0 (0) 17 (5)
  Street 44 (7) 96 (24) 20 (3) 83 (24) 62 (13) 67 (20)
  Home 50 (8) 20 (5) 0 (0) 21 (6) 38 (8) 47 (14)
  1. P values assessing associations between study groups (table columns) and characteristics (table rows) all <0.05. *Multiple-response question; sd standard deviation.