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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of the study population by gender and region (N=46)

From: Consumption and acceptability of whole grain staples for lowering markers of diabetes risk among overweight and obese Tanzanian adults

  Gender p - value* Region p - value*
  Men(N = 18) Women(N = 26)   Dar es Salaam(N = 23) Morogoro(N = 21)  
Age (years) 48 ± 5 48 ± 5 0.77 48 ± 6 47 ± 5 0.46
Body mass index (kg/ m 2 ) 30 ± 5 33 ± 5 0.03 31 ± 4 33 ± 5 0.39
Marital status (%)       
Single 0 16   - 19  
Married 89 65 0.14 83 67 0.09
Other 11 19   17 14  
Education level(%)       
Secondary 33 46   70 9  
Vocational 23 50 0.01 17 62 <0.001
Advanced secondary 11 0   4 5  
College/University 33 4   9 24  
Household size**       
Total - - - 7 ± 3 6 ± 2 0.29
Adults (≥ 18 years) - - - 4 ± 2 4 ± 1 0.39
Children (< 18 years) - - - 3 ± 2 3 ± 1 0.76
Price/ Kg** (Tshs)       
White rice - - - 1300 ± 300 1100 ± 340 0.05
Refined maize flour - - - 770 ± 80 660 ± 80 <0.001
  1. *P-values are presented as X2 tests for categorical variables and Wilcoxon for continuous variables.
  2. **Family size and price/kg of white rice and refined maize flour are not expected to differ by gender.
  3. 1 US dollar = 1585 Tanzanian shillings (Tshs).