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Table 3 Characteristics of health care access and out-of-pocket expenses reported by PLHA participants, Peru, 2008 (N = 863)

From: Determinants of unequal HIV care access among people living with HIV in Peru

Characteristics and categories Crude estimate Adjusted estimate (RDS-II)
Currently receiving any HIV-related health service (medical check-ups, laboratory testing, or ARV treatment) (N = 863) 832 (96.4%) 95.6%
Institution/Program were PLHA participant receives HIV care (N = 827/832)   
  Public (Ministry of Health) Hospital 653 (79.0%) 82.5%
  Public Non-Hospital Health facility 26 (3.1%) 1.5%
  Social Security Health facility (EsSalud) 73 (8.8%) 9.0%
  Police and Armed Forces Health facility 14 (1.7%) 2.2%
  Non-governmental organizations 52 (6.3%) 4.3%
  Religious institutions 9 (1.1%) 0.5%
Currently receiving ARV treatment (N = 830/832) 703 (84.7%) 76.8%
Year ARV treatment was started (N = 700/703)   
  Before 2000 12 (1.7%) 1.7%
  2000–2002 36 (5.2%) 3.1%
  2003–2005 234 (33.4%) 22.9%
  2006–2008 418 (59.7%) 72.3%
If not currently receiving ARV, PLHA received indication to start ARV (N = 123/127) 21 (17.1%) 21.6%
If currently receiving ARV treatment, any reported HIV-related out-of-pocket expenses within the last month (N = 697/703) 238 (36.0%) 26.7%
Reported HIV-related out-of-pocket expenses within last month (N = 218/238) (Median, range and interquartile range, in nuevos soles) 50 (8 – 7,500; 25–80).  
If currently receiving ARV treatment, any reported out-of-pocket expenses for laboratory testing (Only those who started ARV between 2006–2008, N = 417/418) 411 (98.6%) 99.1%
Reported out-of-pocket expenses for laboratory testing (Only those who started ARV between 2006–2008, N = 297/418) (Median, range and interquartile range, in nuevos soles) 100 (10–3000; 60–80)  
Any reported not HIV-related out-of-pocket expenses within the last month for office visits, laboratory testing or medications not prescribed for HIV/AIDS (N = 863) 267 (30.9%) 27.1%
Reported not HIV-related out-of-pocket expenses within the last month (N = 246/267) (Median, range and interquartile range, in nuevos soles) 50 (4–2500; 25–150)