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Table 2 Factors influencing ownership of mobile phones and use of SMS among caregivers and adult patients: results of multivariate analysis

From: Ownership and use of mobile phones among health workers, caregivers of sick children and adult patients in Kenya: cross-sectional national survey

Factor Mobile phone ownership (N = 1,167) Use of SMS (N = 712)
N n (%) OR (95% CI) p-value N n (%) OR (95% CI) p-value
Gender         
Male 211 151 (71.6) 1.75 (1.21-2.51) 0.003 150 117 (78.0) 1.63 (0.97-2.74) 0.065
Female 956 565 (59.1) 1.0 (Ref.)   562 391 (69.6) 1.0 (Ref.)  
Education         
Higher 46 44 (95.7) 23.38 (4.92-111.14) <0.001 44 42 (95.5) 33.04 (6.14-177.73) <0.001
Secondary 295 220 (74.6) 3.20 (1.54-6.62) 0.002 219 189 (86.3) 7.94 (2.42-26.10) 0.001
Primary 675 410 (60.7) 1.78 (0.94-3.37) 0.077 408 270 (66.2) 2.78 (0.89-8.74) 0.079
No formal education 151 42 (27.8) 1.0 (Ref.)   41 7 (17.1) 1.0 (Ref.)  
Age         
15-19 years 83 24 (28.9) 0.17 (0.07-0.38) <0.001 24 19 (79.2) 3.82 (1.01-14.50) 0.049
20-29 years 506 313 (61.9) 0.77 (0.44-1.33) 0.311 311 248 (79.7) 3.14 (1.66-5.94) 0.001
30-39 years 300 208 (69.3) 1.07 (0.59-1.94) 0.832 206 148 (71.8) 1.91 (0.96-3.78) 0.064
40-49 years 129 94 (72.9) 1.59 (0.83-3.05) 0.159 94 57 (60.6) 1.20 (0.55-2.58) 0.647
50+ years 149 77 (51.7) 1.0 (Ref.)   77 36 (46.8) 1.0 (Ref.)  
Literacy         
Able to read 916 641 (70.0) 3.74 (2.46-5.69) <0.001 640 489 (76.4) 4.27 (1.92-9.49) <0.001
Unable to read 251 75 (29.9) 1.0 (Ref.)   72 19 (26.4) 1.0 (Ref.)  
Urbanization         
Urban area 148 107 (72.3) 1.51 (1.03-2.23) 0.037 106 89 (84.0) 2.00 (1.19-3.37) 0.009
Rural area 1,019 609 (59.8) 1.0 (Ref.)   606 419 (69.1) 1.0 (Ref.)  
Poverty index*         
<30% of population 100 75 (75.0) 2.13 (1.04-4.36) 0.038 75 56 (74.7) 1.31 (0.57-3.00) 0.519
30-60% of population 552 349 (63.2) 1.37 (0.97-1.94) 0.074 346 245 (70.8) 0.92 (0.59-1.46) 0.733
>60% of population 515 292 (56.7) 1.0 (Ref.)   291 207 (71.1) 1.0 (Ref.)  
  1. * The results of univariate analysis on the effects of poverty index on SMS use are presented but not included in the multivariate model.