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Table 1 Multilateral donor agency governance arrangements and outcomes

From: Emergence of multilateral proto-institutions in global health and new approaches to governance: analysis using path dependency and institutional theory

  Governing board membership Accountability constituents Strengthened governance processes
Bretton Woods Institutions Nation States Horizontal (within agency) and vertical (to civil society) Partial and/or weak
Non-Bretton Woods Institutions - Nation States Vertical (to civil society, private sector, and nation states) High
  - Civil society   
  - Private sector