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Table 5 Type II Intermediate and final diabetes related complications outcome indicators (1996–2007)

From: Costs, outcomes and challenges for diabetes care in Spain

Intermediate 1996 1998 2000 2002 2007 Difference (1996–2007)*
HbA1c ≤7% 43.0% 49.2% 56.1% 53.4% 59.0% 16.0 (15–17)
HbA1c ≥10% 10.1 6.4 5.3 4.5 4.6 5.5 (4.9–6.1)
HDL Cholesterol >40mg/dl or >35mg/dl if >65 years 83.1 77.5 80.0 83.1 84.7 1.6 (1.3–1.9)
Total Cholesterol <250 mg/dl 75.0 75.4 83.1 78.0 77.5 2.5 (2.1–2.9)
BMI <30 62.2 59.3 62.0 56.8 48.9 13.3 (12.4–14.2)
Blood presure <140/90mmHg 59.1 53.6 59.6 63.1 65.1 6.0 (5.3–6.7)
Active smoking 15.4 16.5 15.9 14.8 11.1 4.3(3.7–4.9)
Final 1996 1998 2000 2002 2007 Difference 1996–2007
Diabetic retinopathy 34.3% 25.8% 22.7% 17.0% 15.6% 18.7 (17.6–19.8)*
Diabetic foot ulcers 5.7 4.1 6.6 2.5 3.1 2.6 (2.2–3.0)*
Amputation: lower limb 2.4 1.2 1.2 0.7 0.5 1.9 (1.5–2.3)*
Microalbuminuria or proteinuria 15.0 26.9 37.9 21.4 16.7 1.7 (1.3–2.1)*
Cardiovascular: Stoke, MI 21.4 18.8 19.0 18.1 14.5 6.9 (6.2–7.6)*
Hospital admission with blood glucose >500mg/dl: amputation, ketosis, hypoglycemia and other 5.5 4.3 4.7 4.8 5.9 0.4 (0.2–0.6)
  1. Source: Franch-Nadal F.J. et al. [35].
  2. Note: * all differences 1996–2007 are significant.