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Table 7 Mapping vulnerability to climate change and its potential health repercussions in pakistan by agro-ecological zones

From: Mapping vulnerability to climate change and its repercussions on human health in Pakistan

   Vulnerability to climate change Health repercussions
Agro-Ecological Zone Degree of Exposure Primary Manifestations of Exposure Degree of Sensitivity Adaptive Capacity  
Other Balochistan High Drought; Increase in temperature High Low Food insecurity and Malnutrition; Anaemia; Night blindness; Scurvy;
Heat Stroke; Malaria; Dengue; Cataract Blindness; Respiratory Diseases; Cardiovascular diseases
Low-Intensity Punjab High Floods; Increase in temperature High Low Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis; Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria;
Heat Stroke; Dengue; Cataract Blindness; Respiratory Diseases; Cardiovascular diseases
Cotton/Wheat Sindh High Floods; Droughts High Medium Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis; Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria:
Food insecurity and Malnutrition; Anaemia; Night blindness; Scurvy
Other KPK Medium Floods low Low Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis; Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria
Cotton/Wheat Punjab low Floods; Droughts medium Medium Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis; Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria;
Food insecurity and Malnutrition; Anaemia; Night blindness; Scurvy
Rice/Other Sindh medium Floods; Droughts medium High Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis; Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria;
Food insecurity and Malnutrition; Anaemia; Night blindness; Scurvy
Mixed Punjab medium Increase in temperature medium Medium Heat Stroke; Malaria; Dengue; Cataract Blindness; Respiratory Diseases; Cardiovascular diseases
Barani (Rain-Fed) Punjab high Variability in temperature and precipitation Low High Food insecurity and malnutrition
Rice/Wheat Punjab medium Increase in temperature Low High Heat Stroke; Malaria; Dengue; Cataract Blindness; Respiratory Diseases; Cardiovascular diseases
  1. Note: The ranking is done on the basis of the corresponding components of the Vulnerability Index. ‘High’ indicates the rank of 1–3; ‘Medium’ indicates the rank of 4–6; and ‘Low’ indicates the rank of 7–9 in terms of the corresponding indices of exposure; sensitivity; and adaptive capacity.