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Table 1 Health systems in comparison [3]

From: Medical tourism and policy implications for health systems: a conceptual framework from a comparative study of Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia

Country Thailand Malaysia Singapore
Organizational structure Pockets of excellence in some private Bangkok hospitals Growing private health sector with movement of qualified workforce Balanced public-private mix, corporatized public sector
National strategy Regional health hub Industrial strategy to develop tourism Economic growth strategy to develop biomedical industries
  Extensive tourism infrastructure   Regional service hub
    Medical R&D support
Policy impact Issues of growing inequity and urban-rural divide Public-private divide Narrow income gaps of public and private sectors
   Racial inequities between public and private sectors