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Table 1 Health systems in comparison [3]

From: Medical tourism and policy implications for health systems: a conceptual framework from a comparative study of Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia

Country

Thailand

Malaysia

Singapore

Organizational structure

Pockets of excellence in some private Bangkok hospitals

Growing private health sector with movement of qualified workforce

Balanced public-private mix, corporatized public sector

National strategy

Regional health hub

Industrial strategy to develop tourism

Economic growth strategy to develop biomedical industries

 

Extensive tourism infrastructure

 

Regional service hub

   

Medical R&D support

Policy impact

Issues of growing inequity and urban-rural divide

Public-private divide

Narrow income gaps of public and private sectors

  

Racial inequities between public and private sectors