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Table 3 Hurdle Poisson models for all countries and for non-OECD/EU countries (response variable: eHealth legislation, standard errors in parentheses)

From: Government capacities and stakeholders: what facilitates ehealth legislation?

  All countries Non-OECD/EU countries
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6 Model 7 Model 8
  Count model coefficients (truncated poisson with log link)  
(Intercept) 0.03 (0.40) 0.15 (0.69) 0.82 (0.12)*** 0.50 (0.78) 0.33 (0.49) 1.36 (1.13) 0.18 (0.24) 1.81 (1.15)
Physicians per 10,000 inhabitants (log) 0.45 (0.10)***    0.23 (0.11)* 0.16 (0.12)    0.13 (0.13)
Population Density km2 2007 (log) −0.12 (0.06)*    −0.11 (0.06)#   −0.11 (0.10)   
Government expenditures on health   0.02 (0.01)***   0.02 (0.01)*   0.03 (0.01)**   0.02 (0.01)*
Government surplus/deficit (average from 2000–2010)   0.01 (0.02)     −0.04 (0.05)   
Economic freedom in labor and credit market (less regulation)    −0.23 (0.09)** −0.21 (0.09)*   −0.51 (0.18)**   −0.52 (0.19)**
ODA received   −0.01 (0.02)     −0.02 (0.03)   
Autocracy-democracy (Polity IV score)   0.07 (0.02**)   0.05 (0.02)*   0.04 (0.03)   0.04 (0.03)
Public sector activity   0.08 (0.06)     0.09 (0.11)   
Donor activity    −0.17 (0.04)*** −0.05 (0.05)    −0.14 (0.07)# −0.08 (0.09)
Public-private partnership activity    0.05 (0.05)     0.35 (0.09)*** 0.32 (0.10)***
Private sector activity    0.11 (0.04)* 0.08 (0.04)*    −0.18 (0.09)* −0.12 (0.10)
  Zero hurdle model coefficients (binomial with logit link)  
(Intercept) −0.12 (0.78) 1.51 (1.57) 1.14 (0.35)*** 2.31 (1.69) −0.16 (0.77) 1.33 (1.56) 0.43 (0.39) 1.71 (1.61)
Physicians per 10,000 inhabitants (log) 0.84 (0.17)***    0.97 (0.22)*** 0.66 (0.18)***    0.79 (0.22)***
Population density km2 2007 (log) −0.07 (0.18)    −0.08 (0.21) −0.05 (0.18)    
Government expenditures on health   0.02 (0.02)   0.02 (0.02)   0.01 (0.02)   0.02 (0.02)
Government surplus/deficit (average 2000–2010)   −0.03 (0.06)     −0.03 (0.06)   
Economic freedom in labor and credit market (less regulation)   −0.37 (0.26)   −0.54 (0.30)#   −0.32 (0.26)   −0.50 (0.30)#
ODA received   −0.05 (0.03)#     −0.03 (0.03)   
Autocracy-democracy (Polity IV score)   0.12 (0.04)**   0.12 (0.05)**   0.07 (0.04)#   0.08 (0.05)#
Public sector activity   0.23 (0.12)#     0.23 (0.12)#   
Donor activity    −0.24 (0.10)* 0.03 (0.13)    −0.07 (0.11) 0.03 (0.13)
Public-private partnership activity    0.32 (0.16)#     0.35 (0.17)* 0.26 (0.18)
Private sector activity    0.08 (0.12) 0.04 (0.14)    −0.04 (0.14) −0.07 (0.16)
N 114 114 114 114 84 84 84 84
Log-likelihood −180.9 −176.2 −196.8 −162.7 −114.6 −108.2 −113.7 −97.19
Df 6 14 8 16 6 14 8 16
  1. ***p < 0.001 **p < 0.01 *p < 0.05 #p < 0.1.