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Table 3 Leading risk factors for disease burden in 2000, by development category

From: The evolution of the Global Burden of Disease framework for disease, injury and risk factor quantification: developing the evidence base for national, regional and global public health action

Developing countries   Developed countries  
High mortality countries % of Total DALYs   % of Total DALYs
Underweight 14.9% Tobacco 12.2%
Unsafe sex 10.2% Blood pressure 10.9%
Unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene 5.5% Alcohol 9.2%
Indoor smoke from solid fuels 3.6% Cholesterol 7.6%
Zinc deficienty 3.2% Overweight 7.4%
Iron deficiency 3.1% Low fruit and vegetable intake 3.9%
Vitamin A deficiency 3.0% Physical inactivity 3.3%
Blood pressure 2.5% Illicit drugs 1.8%
Tobacco 2.0% Unsafe sex 0.8%
Cholesterol 1.9% Iron deficiency 0.7%
Low mortality countries % of Total DALYs   
Alcohol 6.2%   
Blood pressure 5.0%   
Tobacco 4.0%   
Underweight 3.1%   
Overweight 2.7%   
Cholesterol 2.1%   
Low fruit and vegetable intake 1.9%   
Indoor smoke from solid fuels 1.9%   
Iron deficiency 1,8%   
Unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene 1.8%   
  1. Source: World Health Organization (46)