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  1. To evaluate medicine prices, availability and affordability in Brazil, considering the differences across three types of medicines (originator brands, generics and similar medicines) and different types of fac...

    Authors: Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Ana Paula Helfer, Aline L Camargo, Noêmia U L Tavares and Panos Kanavos

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2012 8:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. With limited time to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, progress towards improving women's and children's health needs to be accelerated. With Africa accounting for over half of the world's maternal and...

    Authors: Kadidiatou Toure, Rotimi Sankore, Shyama Kuruvilla, Elisa Scolaro, Flavia Bustreo and Babatunde Osotimehin

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2012 8:3

    Content type: Research

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  3. The U.S. imports a substantial and increasing portion of its fruits and vegetables. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration currently inspects less than one percent of import shipments. While countries exporting...

    Authors: Roni A Neff, Jennifer C Hartle, Linnea I Laestadius, Kathleen Dolan, Anne C Rosenthal and Keeve E Nachman

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2012 8:2

    Content type: Research

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  4. The International Health Regulations (IHRs) (2005) was developed with the aim of governing international responses to public health risks and emergencies. The document requires all 194 World Health Organizatio...

    Authors: Aranka Anema, Eric Druyts, Helge G Hollmeyer, Maxwell C Hardiman and Kumanan Wilson

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2012 8:1

    Content type: Research

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  5. Cardiovascular diseases represent an increasing share of the global disease burden. There is concern that increased consumption of palm oil could exacerbate mortality from ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stro...

    Authors: Brian K Chen, Benjamin Seligman, John W Farquhar and Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:45

    Content type: Research

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  6. Low and middle income countries are ageing at a much faster rate than richer countries, especially in Asia. This is happening at a time of globalisation, migration, urbanisation, and smaller families. Older pe...

    Authors: Wendy R Holmes and Jennifer Joseph

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:43

    Content type: Debate

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  7. Few studies have examined the link between health system strength and important public health outcomes across nations. We examined the association between health system indicators and mortality rates.

    Authors: Katherine A Muldoon, Lindsay P Galway, Maya Nakajima, Steve Kanters, Robert S Hogg, Eran Bendavid and Edward J Mills

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:42

    Content type: Research

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  8. HIV was first described as a "long-wave event" in 1990, well before the advent of antiretroviral therapy (ART). The pandemic was then seen as involving three curves: an HIV curve, an AIDS curve and a curve rep...

    Authors: Stephanie A Nixon, Jill Hanass-Hancock, Alan Whiteside and Tony Barnett

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:41

    Content type: Commentary

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  9. Tiered pricing - the concept of selling drugs and vaccines in developing countries at prices systematically lower than in industrialized countries - has received widespread support from industry, policymakers,...

    Authors: Suerie Moon, Elodie Jambert, Michelle Childs and Tido von Schoen-Angerer

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:39

    Content type: Debate

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  10. The growing caseload caused by patients with chronic life-long conditions leads to increased needs for health care providers and rising costs of health services, resulting in a heavy burden on health systems, ...

    Authors: Josefien van Olmen, Grace Marie Ku, Raoul Bermejo, Guy Kegels, Katharina Hermann and Wim Van Damme

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:38

    Content type: Debate

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  11. Globally, chronic diseases are responsible for an enormous burden of deaths, disability, and economic loss, yet little is known about the optimal health sector response to chronic diseases in poor, post-confli...

    Authors: Patrick T Lee, Gina R Kruse, Brian T Chan, Moses BF Massaquoi, Rajesh R Panjabi, Bernice T Dahn and Walter T Gwenigale

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:37

    Content type: Research

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  12. 'Transactional sex' was regarded by the mid-1990s as an important determinant of HIV transmission, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Little attention has been paid to what the terms used to denote transactio...

    Authors: Kirsten Stoebenau, Stephanie A Nixon, Clara Rubincam, Samantha Willan, Yanga ZN Zembe, Tumelo Tsikoane, Pius T Tanga, Haruna M Bello, Carlos F Caceres, Loraine Townsend, Paul G Rakotoarison and Violette Razafintsalama

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:34

    Content type: Research

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  13. The past decade has seen remarkable progress in increasing access to antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings. Early concerns about the cost and complexity of treatment were overcome thanks to the e...

    Authors: Nathan Ford, Alexandra Calmy and Edward J Mills

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:33

    Content type: Commentary

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  14. This paper attempts to describe and analyse the policy processes that led to the granting and implementation of the government use licenses to enable the import and production of generic versions of medicines ...

    Authors: Suwit Wibulpolprasert, Vichai Chokevivat, Cecilia Oh and Inthira Yamabhai

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:32

    Content type: Review

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  15. HIV/AIDS has always been one of the most thoroughly global of diseases. In the era of widely available anti-retroviral therapy (ART), it is also commonly recognised as a chronic disease that can be successfull...

    Authors: Christopher J Colvin

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:31

    Content type: Debate

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  16. Between 2006 and 2008, Thailand's Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) granted government use licenses for seven patented drugs in order to improve access to these essential treatments. The decision to grant the g...

    Authors: Inthira Yamabhai, Adun Mohara, Sripen Tantivess, Kakanang Chaisiri and Yot Teerawattananon

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:28

    Content type: Research

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  17. In recent years, 10 major multinational food and beverage companies have worked together within the International Food and Beverage Alliance (IFBA) to increase their commitments to public health. Current IFBA ...

    Authors: Eleanore Alexander, Derek Yach and George A Mensah

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:26

    Content type: Research

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  18. Strengthened national health systems are necessary for effective and sustained expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART and its supply chain management in Uganda are largely based on parallel and externa...

    Authors: Ricarda Windisch, Peter Waiswa, Florian Neuhann, Florian Scheibe and Don de Savigny

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:25

    Content type: Research

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  19. This article addresses an area that has been largely underserved by the development community, and one in which there is a particularly good opportunity for the private sector to take a lead in making a differ...

    Authors: Christine Hancock, Lise Kingo and Olivier Raynaud

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:23

    Content type: Research

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  20. Despite massive scale up of funds from global health initiatives including the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) and other donors, the ambitious target agreed by G8 leaders in 2...

    Authors: Neil Spicer, Daryna Bogdan, Ruairi Brugha, Andrew Harmer, Gulgun Murzalieva and Tetiana Semigina

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:22

    Content type: Research

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  21. There is an emerging evidence base that global trade is linked with the rise of chronic disease in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs). This linkage is associated, in part, with the global diffusion o...

    Authors: Ronald Labonté, Katia S Mohindra and Raphael Lencucha

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:21

    Content type: Research

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  22. Transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) may respond to processes of regional trade integration both by acting politically to influence policy and by reorganising their own operations. The Central American Commo...

    Authors: Chris Holden and Kelley Lee

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:15

    Content type: Research

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  23. A functional health system is a necessary part of efforts to achieve maternal mortality reduction in developing countries. Puerperal sepsis is an infection contracted during childbirth and one of the commonest...

    Authors: Julia Hussein, Dileep V Mavalankar, Sheetal Sharma and Lucia D'Ambruoso

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:14

    Content type: Review

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  24. A growing number of studies highlight men's disinclination to make use of HIV services. This suggests there are factors that prevent men from engaging with health services and an urgent need to unpack the form...

    Authors: Morten Skovdal, Catherine Campbell, Claudius Madanhire, Zivai Mupambireyi, Constance Nyamukapa and Simon Gregson

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:13

    Content type: Research

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  25. Medical tourism is a growing phenomenon with policy implications for health systems, particularly of destination countries. Private actors and governments in Southeast Asia are promoting the medical tourist in...

    Authors: Nicola S Pocock and Kai Hong Phua

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:12

    Content type: Review

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  26. Globalisation has prompted countries to evaluate their position on trade in health services. However, this is often done from a multi-lateral, rather than a regional or bi-lateral perspective. In a previous re...

    Authors: Melisa Martínez Álvarez, Rupa Chanda and Richard D Smith

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:11

    Content type: Research

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  27. Building appropriate levels of trust in pharmaceuticals is a painstaking and challenging task, involving participants from different spheres of life, including producers, distributors, retailers, prescribers, ...

    Authors: Petra Brhlikova, Ian Harper, Roger Jeffery, Nabin Rawal, Madhusudhan Subedi and MR Santhosh

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:10

    Content type: Research

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  28. Although the World Health Organization had recommended that every child be vaccinated for Hepatitis B by the early 1980s, large multinational pharmaceutical companies held monopolies on the recombinant Hepatit...

    Authors: Justin Chakma, Hassan Masum, Kumar Perampaladas, Jennifer Heys and Peter A Singer

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Medical tourism is a global health practice where patients travel abroad to receive health care. Voluntourism is a practice where physicians travel abroad to deliver health care. Both of these practices often ...

    Authors: Jeremy Snyder, Shafik Dharamsi and Valorie A Crooks

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:6

    Content type: Debate

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  30. Citizens of high income countries rely on highly regulated medicines markets. However low income countries' impoverished populations generally struggle for access to essential medicines through out-of-pocket p...

    Authors: Maureen Mackintosh, Sudip Chaudhuri and Phares GM Mujinja

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. 'Innovation' has become a policy focus in its own right in many states as they compete to position themselves in the emerging knowledge economies. Innovation in biomedicine is a global enterprise in which 'Ris...

    Authors: Brian Salter and Alex Faulkner

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2011 7:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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