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Governance for health

Section Editor:  Raphael Lencucha, McGill University, Canada
Deputy Section Editors:  Arne Ruckert, University of Ottawa, Canada and Philip Baker, Deakin University, Australia

In the absence of global government, increased attention is being given to global governance: the intergovernmental and multi-stakeholder institutions engaged in setting policies and promoting accountability and transparency at a supranational level. Some of these institutions are health specific (e.g. the World Health Organization, UNAIDS and UNICEF), others have multiple agendas (e.g. World Bank), while others have non-health agendas that nonetheless affect health outcomes within and between countries (e.g. the World Trade Organization, International Labour Organization, International Monetary Fund, and United Nations Development Program, to name a few). Several have treaty-making authority with direct or indirect global health implications. Meanwhile, the re-emergence of powerful global philanthropies and the rise of global public/private partnerships pose particular governance challenges, while the proliferation of global commissions (as knowledge generators capable of influencing norms, but not actual decision-making) presents both opportunity (continuing to refine what a global government playbook might look like) and threat (creating a lot of conceptual noise that could obfuscate underlying issues of power imbalances and wealth inequalities). Papers submitted under this topic examine global governance opportunities and risks, including studies of power politics, conflicts of interest, membership and membership criteria, effectiveness in creating health equitable policies and programs at international and national scales, critical debates over the regulatory regimes or framework conventions versus voluntary corporate social responsibility initiatives, the health impacts of international health treaties and human rights covenants, and the role of national or global taxation policies or agreements in promoting health equity within and between countries.

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  1. Since the declaration of the 10th Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in DRC on 1st Aug 2018, several neighboring countries have been developing and implementing preparedness efforts to prevent EVD cross-border...

    Authors: Jane Ruth Aceng, Alex R. Ario, Allan N. Muruta, Issa Makumbi, Miriam Nanyunja, Innocent Komakech, Andrew N. Bakainaga, Ambrose O. Talisuna, Collins Mwesigye, Allan M. Mpairwe, Jayne B. Tusiime, William Z. Lali, Edson Katushabe, Felix Ocom, Mugagga Kaggwa, Bodo Bongomin…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:24
  2. In 2015, the United Nations’ (UN) Member States adopted a bold and holistic agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), integrating a vision of peace and prosperity for people and planet. Extensive wor...

    Authors: Sameera Hussain, Dena Javadi, Jean Andrey, Abdul Ghaffar and Ronald Labonté
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:15
  3. Unhealthy foods and tobacco remain the leading causes of non-communicable disease (NCDs). These are key agricultural commodities for many countries, and NCD prevention policy needs to consider how to influence...

    Authors: Raphael Lencucha, Nicole E. Pal, Adriana Appau, Anne-Marie Thow and Jeffrey Drope
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:11
  4. This study aims to evaluate the gap between countries’ self-evaluation and external evaluation regarding core capacity of infectious disease control required by International Health Regulations and the influen...

    Authors: Feng-Jen Tsai and Battsetseg Turbat
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:10
  5. Emerging and re-emerging diseases with pandemic potential continue to challenge fragile health systems in Africa, creating enormous human and economic toll. To provide evidence for the investment case for publ...

    Authors: Ambrose Otau TALISUNA, Emelda Aluoch OKIRO, Ali Ahmed YAHAYA, Mary STEPHEN, Boukare BONKOUNGOU, Emmanuel Onuche MUSA, Etienne Magloire MINKOULOU, Joseph OKEIBUNOR, Benido IMPOUMA, Haruna Mamoudou DJINGAREY, N’da Konan Michel YAO, Sakuya OKA, Zabulon YOTI and Ibrahima Socé FALL
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:9
  6. In the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam, high quantities of products containing antimicrobial are used as prophylactic and curative treatments in small-scale chicken flocks. A large number of these contain antim...

    Authors: Nguyen T. T. Dung, Bao D. Truong, Nguyen V. Cuong, Nguyen T. B. Van, Doan H. Phu, Bach T. Kiet, Chalalai Rueanghiran, Vo B. Hien, Guy Thwaites, Jonathan Rushton and Juan Carrique-Mas
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:8
  7. To respond to the global noncommunicable disease (NCD) crisis, the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex), a multilateral United Nations body responsible for work on food standards, is developing global guidanc...

    Authors: Anne Marie Thow, Alexandra Jones, Carmen Huckel Schneider and Ronald Labonté
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:3
  8. Sustainable management of the natural environment is essential. Continued environmental degradation will lead to worsened health outcomes in countries and across generations. The Sustainable Development Goals ...

    Authors: Toni Delany-Crowe, Dora Marinova, Matt Fisher, Michael McGreevy and Fran Baum
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:68
  9. Countries must be able to describe and monitor their populations health and well-being needs in an attempt to understand and address them. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have re-emphasized the need t...

    Authors: Alba Llop-Gironés, Lucinda Cash-Gibson, Sergio Chicumbe, Francesc Alvarez, Ivan Zahinos, Elisio Mazive and Joan Benach
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:67
  10. The WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region is endowed with deep intellectual tradition, interesting cultural diversity, and a strong societal fabric; components of a vibrant platform for promoting health and wellbei...

    Authors: Ahmed Al-Mandhari, Maha El-Adawy, Wasiq Khan and Abdul Ghaffar
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:64
  11. Sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) are a major source of sugar in the diet. Although trends in consumption vary across regions, in many countries, particularly LMICs, their consumption continues to increase. In r...

    Authors: Gary Jonas Fooks, Simon Williams, Graham Box and Gary Sacks
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:56
  12. This brief commentary argues that glocal governance introduces a fruitful new perspective to the global governance debate of AMR, and cautions against too strict a focus on establishing globally binding governanc...

    Authors: Olivier Rubin
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:54
  13. Creating ‘liveable’ cities has become a priority for various sectors, including those tasked with improving population health and reducing inequities. Two-thirds of the world’s population will live in cities b...

    Authors: Amanda Alderton, Melanie Davern, Kornsupha Nitvimol, Iain Butterworth, Carl Higgs, Elizabeth Ryan and Hannah Badland
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:51
  14. Globalization and funding imperatives drive many universities to internationalize through global health programmes. University-based global health researchers, advocates and programmes often stress the importa...

    Authors: Aaron N. Yarmoshuk, Donald C. Cole, Anastasia Nkatha Guantai, Mughwira Mwangu and Christina Zarowsky
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:37
  15. Industry sponsorship of public health research has received increasing scrutiny, and, as a result, many multinational corporations (MNCs), such as The Coca-Cola Company and Mars Inc., have committed to transpa...

    Authors: Sarah Steele, Gary Ruskin, Lejla Sarcevic, Martin McKee and David Stuckler
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:36

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2019 15:61

  16. A resilient health system is inevitable in attaining the health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). One way of strengthening health systems is improving the coverage of public health laws for better ...

    Authors: Yuri Lee and So Yoon Kim
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:29
  17. Operations of transnational corporations (TNCs) affect population health through production methods, shaping social determinants of health, or by influencing regulation of their activities. Research on communi...

    Authors: Julia Anaf, Frances Baum, Matt Fisher and Leslie London
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:13
  18. Fragmentation across governance structures, funding, and external actor engagement in Sierra Leone continues to challenge the efficiency and coherence of health sector activities and impedes sustained health s...

    Authors: Arwen Barr, Lauryn Garrett, Robert Marten and Sowmya Kadandale
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:8
  19. Performance-based financing (PBF) in low- and middle-income settings has diffused at an unusually rapid pace. While many studies have looked at PBF implementation processes and effects, there is an empirical r...

    Authors: Lara Gautier, Manuela De Allegri and Valéry Ridde
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:6
  20. Supermarkets have unprecedented political and economic power in the food system and an inherent responsibility to demonstrate good corporate citizenship via corporate social responsibility (CSR). The aim of th...

    Authors: Claire Elizabeth Pulker, Georgina S. A. Trapp, Jane Anne Scott and Christina Mary Pollard
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:121
  21. The World Health Organization (WHO) continues to experience immense financial stress. The precarious financial situation of the WHO has given rise to extensive dialogue and debate. This dialogue has generated ...

    Authors: Srikanth K. Reddy, Sumaira Mazhar and Raphael Lencucha
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:119
  22. Paraguay has reportedly been a major transit hub for illicit tobacco products since the 1960s, initially to supply markets in Argentina and Brazil and, more recently, other regional markets and beyond. However...

    Authors: Roberto Magno Iglesias, Benoît Gomis, Natalia Carrillo Botero, Philip Shepherd and Kelley Lee
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:111
  23. Leading transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) began to expand their operations in Latin America in the 1960s. This included legally exporting their cigarettes to Paraguay during the 1960s which, in turn, were...

    Authors: Benoît Gomis, Kelley Lee, Natalia Carrillo Botero, Philip Shepherd and Roberto Magno Iglesias
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:110
  24. Non communicable diseases (NCD) place a significant health burden on Pacific Island countries including Fiji. Policy interventions to curb NCDs have been implemented in Fiji including a 32% increase in the imp...

    Authors: Jeremaia Coriakula, Marj Moodie, Gade Waqa, Catherine Latu, Wendy Snowdon and Colin Bell
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:91
  25. Donors often fund projects that develop innovative practices in low and middle-income countries, hoping recipient governments will adopt and scale them within existing systems and programmes. Such innovations ...

    Authors: Neil Spicer, Yashua Alkali Hamza, Della Berhanu, Meenakshi Gautham, Joanna Schellenberg, Feker Tadesse, Nasir Umar and Deepthi Wickremasinghe
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:74
  26. Proponents have promoted sexuality education as a means of empowering adolescents, yet it has been thwarted in many low and middle-income countries. Nigeria represents an exception. Despite social opposition, ...

    Authors: Jeremy Shiffman, Michael Kunnuji, Yusra Ribhi Shawar and Rachel Sullivan Robinson
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:63
  27. Development assistance from governments of high income countries represents the vast majority of international funding for global health. Recent stagnation of this important source of funding may affect attain...

    Authors: Alexander Huepers, Henock B. Taddese and Filippos T. Filippidis
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:61
  28. South Africa’s mineral resources have produced, and continue to produce, enormous economic wealth; yet decades of colonialism, apartheid, capital flight, and challenges in the neoliberal post-apartheid era hav...

    Authors: Barry Kistnasamy, Annalee Yassi, Jessica Yu, Samuel J. Spiegel, Andre Fourie, Stephen Barker and Jerry M. Spiegel
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:60

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2018 14:78

  29. The resolution adopted in 2006 by the World Health Organization on international trade and health urges Member States to understand the implications of international trade and trade agreements for health and t...

    Authors: Mariyam Suzana, Helen Walls, Richard Smith and Johanna Hanefeld
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:58
  30. Between 2011 and 2013, global and national guidelines for preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV shifted to recommend Option B+, the provision of lifelong antiretroviral treatment for all HIV-i...

    Authors: M. F. Chersich, E. Newbatt, K. Ng’oma and I. de Zoysa
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:55
  31. In 2012, the European Commission funded Go4Health—Goals and Governance for Global Health, a consortium of 13 academic research and human rights institutions from both Global North and South—to track the evolut...

    Authors: Vannarath Te, Nadia Floden, Sameera Hussain, Claire E. Brolan and Peter S. Hill
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:51
  32. Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is a widespread public health problem and a violation of human rights rooted in gender and power inequities. Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants living in European asy...

    Authors: Charlotte Oliveira, Ines Keygnaert, Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins and Sónia Dias
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:48