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Section Editor: Manisha Kulkarni, University of Ottawa, Canada
Deputy Section Editor:
Mellissa Withers, USC Keck School of Medicine, USA

Diseases increasingly have cross-border causes and consequences. Global health security has become a foreign policy issue for many countries, linked to risks of pandemic influenza, and XDR (extreme drug resistant) and AMR (antimicrobial resistant) infections; and affected by weak health systems, population movements and lack of access to medicines. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have recently become foci for international cooperation, policy/program development and knowledge sharing. ‘Vectors’ (social determinants) for NCDs include such globalization-related pathways as trade (and trade treaties), foreign investment (and investment treaties), and economic growth and urbanization associated with global economic integration. Most papers submitted to this journal are presumed to utilize some health data; papers submitted under this topic will have either (one or more) infectious disease or NCD as their particular focus, applying epidemiological or other research methods to examine the magnitude, distribution and globalization-related risk factors affecting their prevalence, severity and/or population distribution. Note: We are not accepting articles submitted under this section that do not specify how globalization-related processes affect the diseases under study.

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  1. The impact of general population lockdown implemented in the face of the COVID-19 epidemic needs to be evaluated. We describe here a longitudinal study on the mental health of adults in France.

    Authors: Leila Ramiz, Benjamin Contrand, Madelyn Yiseth Rojas Castro, Marion Dupuy, Li Lu, Catherine Sztal-Kutas and Emmanuel Lagarde
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:29
  2. Three months after the first reported cases, COVID-19 had spread to nearly 90% of World Health Organization (WHO) member states and only 24 countries had not reported cases as of 30 March 2020. This analysis a...

    Authors: Zheng Li, Cynthia Jones, Girum S. Ejigu, Nisha George, Amanda L. Geller, Gregory C. Chang, Alys Adamski, Ledor S. Igboh, Rebecca D. Merrill, Philip Ricks, Sara A. Mirza and Michael Lynch
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:28
  3. The psychological distress caused by COVID-19 may be pronounced among the parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study aimed to investigate psychological distress among parents of childr...

    Authors: Luxi Wang, Dexin Li, Shixu Pan, Jinhe Zhai, Wei Xia, Caihong Sun and Mingyang Zou
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:23
  4. The burden of sickle cell disease (SCD) is greatest among African nations. Effective scalability of evidence-based interventions (e.g., newborn screening, health education, prophylaxis for infection, optimal n...

    Authors: Joyce Gyamfi, Temitope Ojo, Juliet Iwelunmor, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Nessa Ryan, Amy Diawara, Obiageli Nnodu, Ambroise Wonkam, Charmaine Royal and Emmanuel Peprah
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:20
  5. Deaths by COVID-19 have left behind nearly 12 million recent bereaved individuals worldwide and researchers have raised concerns that the circumstances of COVID-19 related deaths will lead to a rise prevalence...

    Authors: Suqin Tang and Zhendong Xiang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:19
  6. The public health community has become increasingly critical of the role that powerful corporations play in driving unhealthy diets, one of the leading contributors to the global burden of disease. While a sub...

    Authors: Benjamin Wood, Owain Williams, Vijaya Nagarajan and Gary Sacks
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:17
  7. The COVID-19 pandemic has made unprecedented impact on the psychological health of university students, a population vulnerable to distress and mental health disorders. This study investigated psychiatric symp...

    Authors: Shufang Sun, Simon B. Goldberg, Danhua Lin, Shan Qiao and Don Operario
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:15

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2021 17:52

  8. Lockdowns can be an effective pandemic response strategy that can buy much needed time to slow disease transmission and adequately scale up preventative, diagnostic, and treatment capacities. However, the broa...

    Authors: Oghenowede Eyawo, A. M. Viens and Uchechukwu Chidiebere Ugoji
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:13
  9. Serious conditions caused by the coronavirus epidemic are expected to affect the mental and physical health, organizational and social commitments of healthcare workers. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate...

    Authors: Zahra Aghalari, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Somayeh Jafarian and Hemmat Gholinia
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:12
  10. Community health workers (CHWs) are an important cadre of the global health workforce as they are involved in providing health services at the community level. However, evidence on the role of CHWs in deliveri...

    Authors: David Musoke, Edwinah Atusingwize, Deborah Ikhile, Sarah Nalinya, Charles Ssemugabo, Grace Biyinzika Lubega, Damilola Omodara, Rawlance Ndejjo and Linda Gibson
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:7
  11. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a pandemic on March 11, 2020. Previous studies of infectious diseases showed that infectious diseases not only cause physical damage ...

    Authors: Ji Ho Lee, Hocheol Lee, Ji Eon Kim, Seok Jun Moon and Eun Woo Nam
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:3
  12. The pattern of fatigue in older psychiatric patients during the COVID-19 outbreak was unknown. This study examined the prevalence of fatigue and its association with overall quality of life (overall QOL) in cl...

    Authors: Siyun Zou, Zi-Han Liu, Xiaona Yan, Huan Wang, Yulong Li, Xiuying Xu, Xiangdong Du, Lan Zhang, Qinge Zhang, Todd Jackson, Gabor S. Ungvari and Yu-Tao Xiang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:119
  13. On March 13, 2020, Uganda instituted COVID-19 symptom screening at its international airport, isolation and SARS-CoV-2 testing for symptomatic persons, and mandatory 14-day quarantine and testing of persons tr...

    Authors: Richard Migisha, Benon Kwesiga, Bernadette Basuta Mirembe, Geofrey Amanya, Steven N. Kabwama, Daniel Kadobera, Lilian Bulage, Godfrey Nsereko, Ignatius Wadunde, Tonny Tindyebwa, Bernard Lubwama, Atek A. Kagirita, John T. Kayiwa, Julius J. Lutwama, Amy L. Boore, Julie R. Harris…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:114
  14. Early evidence indicates increased mental health burden arising from COVID-19 and related control measures. The study aim was to examine concern about COVID-19 and its association with symptoms of mental disor...

    Authors: Nino Makhashvili, Jana Darejan Javakhishvili, Lela Sturua, Ketevan Pilauri, Daniela C. Fuhr and Bayard Roberts
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:111
  15. The influence of COVID-19 on mental health problems has received considerable attention. However, only a few studies have examined the relationship between exposure to COVID-19 and mental health problems, and ...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Min Ma, Danfeng Li and Ziqiang Xin
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:105
  16. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the personal, professional and social life of Australians with some people more impacted than others.

    Authors: Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Nazmul Hoque, Sheikh M. Alif, Masudus Salehin, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Biswajit Banik, Ahmed Sharif, Nashrin Binte Nazim, Farhana Sultana and Wendy Cross
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:95
  17. COVID-19 has rapidly and radically changed the face of human health and social interaction. As was the case with COVID-19, the world is similarly unprepared to respond to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the...

    Authors: Lindsay A. Wilson, Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Patrick Fafard, A. M. Viens and Steven J. Hoffman
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:94
  18. In all epidemics, healthcare staff are at the centre of risks and damages caused by pathogens. Today, nurses and physicians are faced with unprecedented work pressures in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, res...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Habibolah Khazaie, Amin Hosseinian-Far, Hooman Ghasemi, Masoud Mohammadi, Shamarina Shohaimi, Alireza Daneshkhah, Behnam Khaledi-Paveh and Melika Hosseinian-Far
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:92
  19. Restricting mobility is a central aim for lowering contact rates and preventing COVID-19 transmission. Yet the impact on mobility of different non-pharmaceutical countermeasures in the earlier stages of the pa...

    Authors: Matia Vannoni, Martin McKee, Jan C. Semenza, Chris Bonell and David Stuckler
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:85
  20. Points of entry and other border regions educate, train, and exercise (ETEs) their staff to improve preparedness and response to cross-border health threats. However, no conclusive knowledge of these ETEs’ eff...

    Authors: Doret de Rooij, Evelien Belfroid, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Varvara A. Mouchtouri, Jörg Raab and Aura Timen
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:78
  21. The health crisis caused by COVID-19 has led many countries to opt for social quarantine of the population. During this quarantine, communication systems have been characterized by disintermediation, the accelera...

    Authors: Álex Escolà-Gascón, Francesc-Xavier Marín, Jordi Rusiñol and Josep Gallifa
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:72
  22. The outbreak of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) could increase the risk of depression. However, epidemiological data on outbreak-associated depressive morbidity of female adolescents are not available. Thi...

    Authors: Jiaojiao Zhou, Xiaofei Yuan, Han Qi, Rui Liu, Yaqiong Li, Huanhuan Huang, Xu Chen and Gang Wang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:69
  23. Worldwide, tobacco use has caused over 100 million deaths in the twentieth century and is projected to cause death in up to one billion people in the twenty-first century. It is a leading cause of early death ...

    Authors: Brian Colwell, Kizito B. A. Mosema, Matthew S. Bramble and Jay Maddock
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:66
  24. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on public mental health. Therefore, monitoring and oversight of the population mental health during crises such as a panedmic is an immediate priority. The ai...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Amin Hosseinian-Far, Rostam Jalali, Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Shna Rasoulpoor, Masoud Mohammadi, Shabnam Rasoulpoor and Behnam Khaledi-Paveh
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:57
  25. After Action Reviews (AAR) with a One Health perspective were performed in Slovenia, Italy, Serbia and Greece following a severe West Nile virus (WNV) transmission season in 2018. A protocol combining traditio...

    Authors: Flavia Riccardo, Francesco Bolici, Mario Fafangel, Verica Jovanovic, Maja Socan, Petra Klepac, Dragana Plavsa, Milena Vasic, Antonino Bella, Gabriele Diana, Luca Rosi, Patrizio Pezzotti, Xanthi D. Andrianou, Marco Di Luca, Giulietta Venturi, Francesco Maraglino…
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:47

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2020 16:55

  26. Medical staff caring for COVID-19 patients face mental stress, physical exhaustion, separation from families, stigma, and the pain of losing patients and colleagues. Many of them have acquired SARS-CoV-2 and s...

    Authors: Matthew F. Chersich, Glenda Gray, Lee Fairlie, Quentin Eichbaum, Susannah Mayhew, Brian Allwood, Rene English, Fiona Scorgie, Stanley Luchters, Greg Simpson, Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Minh Duc Pham and Helen Rees
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:46
  27. The recent pandemic caused by the 2019 outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV or COVID-19) has affected more than 3.0 million people resulting ~ 212,000 deaths across 215 countries/territories as on 28th Apr...

    Authors: Sachin S. Gunthe and Satya S. Patra
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:45
  28. The aim of this study was to assess the commitments of food companies in Malaysia to improving population nutrition using the Business Impact Assessment on population nutrition and obesity (BIA-Obesity) tool a...

    Authors: SeeHoe Ng, Gary Sacks, Bridget Kelly, Heather Yeatman, Ella Robinson, Boyd Swinburn, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Karuthan Chinna, Mohd Noor Ismail and Tilakavati Karupaiah
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:35
  29. The Zika outbreak provides pertinent case study for considering the impact of health emergencies on abortion decision-making and/or for positioning abortion in global health security debates.

    Authors: Clare Wenham, Amaral Arevalo, Ernestina Coast, Sonia Corrêa, Katherine Cuellar, Tiziana Leone and Sandra Valongueiro
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:49
  30. Although the worldwide incidence of tuberculosis (TB) has been slowly decreasing, the migrant workers remains an important gap for regional TB control. In Taiwan, the numbers of the migrant workers from countr...

    Authors: Chia-Wen Lu, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Yu-Hao Pan, Hao-Hsiang Chang, Yi-Chun Wu, Wang-Huei Sheng and Kuo-Chin Huang
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:18
  31. The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can have a substantial impact in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Community-based programs addressing diet, physical activity, and health b...

    Authors: Maryam Shirinzadeh, Babak Afshin-Pour, Ricardo Angeles, Jessica Gaber and Gina Agarwal
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:10
  32. Reducing premature deaths is an important step towards achieving the World Health Organization’s sustainable development goal. Redeployed miners are more prone to disease or premature death due to the special ...

    Authors: Wei Xian, Bing Han, Leizhen Xia, Yining Ma, Haodi Xu, Lu Zhang, Li Li and Hongbo Liu
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:7
  33. Increases in overweight and obesity among youths have resulted in the diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at earlier ages. The impact of lifestyle-related factors has been implicated; however, its rel...

    Authors: Devy Elling, Pamela J. Surkan, Sahba Enayati and Ziad El-Khatib
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:118
  34. The global travel and tourism industry has been rapidly expanding in the past decades. The traditional focus on border screening, and by airline and cruise industries may be inadequate due to the incubation pe...

    Authors: Kevin K. C. Hung, Carman K. M. Mark, May P. S. Yeung, Emily Y. Y. Chan and Colin A. Graham
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:117
  35. In order to understand why rates of overweight and obesity are so high in the Ecuadorian province of Galapagos, this study analyzes changes in household food expenditures and perceptions and practices related ...

    Authors: Wilma B. Freire, William F. Waters, Diana Román, Elisa Jiménez, Estefania Burgos and Philippe Belmont
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:93
  36. Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is now a massive epidemic in both California and Mexico, with serious consequences for social and economic well-being. A large proportion of these populations share common ethnic backgrou...

    Authors: Simón Barquera, Dean Schillinger, Carlos A. Aguilar-Salinas, Marc Schenker, Luis A. Rodríguez, Cesar Hernández-Alcaraz and Jaime Sepúlveda-Amor
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:84
  37. There is a lack of evidence-based health services to reduce the impact of stroke in low-income countries at a personal, family or community level.

    Authors: Julius T. Kamwesiga, Gunilla M. Eriksson, Kerstin Tham, Uno Fors, Ali Ndiwalana, Lena von Koch and Susanne Guidetti
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:82
  38. Pandemics pose significant security/stability risks to nations with fragile infrastructures. We evaluated characteristics of the 2014 West African Ebola outbreak to elucidate lessons learned for managing trans...

    Authors: Aaron M. Wendelboe, Micah McCumber, Julie Erb-Alvarez, Nicholas Mould, Richard W. Childs and James L. Regens
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:75
  39. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus /Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is not just a medical problem but its social impact is increasingly affecting its effective management. The fear of HIV-stigma c...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Philip Nana Njotang, Ngholapeh Emmanuel Nghoniji, Marie José Essi, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Valirie Ndip Agbor and Bruno Kenfack
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:56
  40. Neonatal mortality is declining slowly compared to under-five mortality in many developing countries including Afghanistan. About three-fourths of these deaths occur in the early neonatal period (i.e., the fir...

    Authors: Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Allysha Choudhury, Atia Sharmeen, Swagata Ghosh, Arif Mahmud and Angela KC
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:47
  41. A qualitative study of key informant semi-structured interviews were conducted between March and July 2016 in Mexico and India to achieve the following aims: to explore corporations’ and stakeholders’ views, a...

    Authors: Heather Wipfli, Kristin Dessie Zacharias, Nuvjote (Nivvy) Hundal, Luz Myriam Reynales Shigematsu, Deepika Bahl, Monika Arora, Shalini Bassi and Shubha Kumar
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:46
  42. There is a growing recognition of the need to provide HIV/AIDS prevention and care to migrant workers. Social involvement, a type of social capital, is considered a ‘critical enabler’ of effective HIV/AIDS pre...

    Authors: Wenting Wang, Ren Chen, Ying Ma, Xuehui Sun, Xia Qin and Zhi Hu
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:41
  43. Poor water quality, one of the leading causes of diarrhea, is an issue for most developing countries. Although the health burden of poor-quality water has been studied extensively, there is a paucity of resear...

    Authors: Wei Li, Echu Liu and Rhonda BeLue
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:37
  44. There is an increasing global movement of foreign female entertainment workers (FEWs), a hard-to-reach population vulnerable to HIV/STIs. This paper described the needs assessment phase before intervention imp...

    Authors: Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Olive N. Y. Cheung, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Hanh Hao La, Thein Than Win, Roy Chan and Mee Lian Wong
    Citation: Globalization and Health 2018 14:36