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Table 3 Sources of uncertainties by country and by type of uncertainties

From: A comparative analysis of experienced uncertainties in relation to risk communication during COVID19: a four-country study

  Germany Guinea Nigeria Singapore
Epidemiological uncertainties Outcome of an infection. Comprehensibility of regulations to contain the spread. Severity of an infection. Comprehensibility of regulations to contain the spread. Severity of an infection.
Comprehensibility of regulations to contain the spread.
Outcome of an infection.
Accuracy of received information about the virus (asymptomatic carriers, modes of transmission, long Covid).
Information uncertainties Navigating high amount of information.
Identifying reliable communicators.
Discrepancy between governmental recommendations and expert opinions.
Navigating high amount of information.
Identifying reliable communicators.
Navigating high amount of information.
Identifying reliable communicators.
Navigating high amount of information.
Social uncertainties Safely engaging in community life.
Maintaining control of individual’s life.
Safely engaging in community life.
Maintaining control of individual’s life.
Safely engaging in community life.
Maintaining control of individual’s life.
Safely engaging in community life.
Maintaining control of individual’s life.
Economic uncertainties Impact of the pandemic on the economic stability of the country.
Ability to economically sustain oneself and dependants.
Accessing economic support provided by local governments (in case of job loss, or work-inability)
Ability to economically sustain oneself and dependants.
Accessing material support provided by governments during quarantine.
Resilience of the national healthcare system.
Ability to economically sustain oneself and dependants.
Accessing material support provided by governments during quarantine.
Impact of the pandemic on the economic stability of the country.
Ability to economically sustain oneself and dependants.
Accessing economic support provided by local governments (in case of job loss, or inability for employment)