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Table 1 Characteristics of the articles included in the review

From: Charting the evidence for climate change impacts on the global spread of malaria and dengue and adaptive responses: a scoping review of reviews

Citation Objective Type of review Databases searched Years included in review Geographic focus Disease of interest Degree of disease focus Addresses climate change impacts Addresses adaptation measures
African Region
 (Abiodun et al., 2020) [23] To establish the major factor responsible for the recent malaria resurgence in South Africa between 2015 and 2018. Scoping review CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, SCOPUS 2015–2018 South Africa Malaria Primary Y N
 (Chersich and Wright, 2019) [16] To assess progress with climate change adaptation in the health sector in South Africa. Systematic review PubMed (Medline, Web of Science No time limits South Africa Malaria Secondary N Y
 (Giesen et al., 2020) [24] To assess the effects of climate change in the epidemiology of the most prevalent mosquito borne diseases and their vectors in Africa. Systematic review PubMed, Scopus, Embase, CENTRAL 2004–2018 African Region Both Secondary Y N
 (Mabaso and Ndlovu, 2012) [25] To obtain a better understanding of existing research evidence towards the development of climate-driven malaria early warning systems (MEWS) in order to identify challenges and opportunities for future research. Critical review PubMed 1990–2009 African Region Malaria Primary Y Y
 (López et al., 2018) [26] To analyze the distribution and abundance of publications on vector-borne diseases associated with climate variability in South America, identify those works that conducted a geographic analysis and detect the countries where outbreaks occurred and the climate variables with which they were associated. Systematic review Scielo, PubMed, Lilacs, Google Scholar, Scopus 1970–2016 South America Both Secondary Y N
 (Matysiak and Roess, 2017) [27] To examine the interrelationship between climatic, ecological, social, and cultural factors on dengue transmission in Puerto Rico and to draw lessons for Zika response. Systematic review MEDLINE, PUBMED, SCOPUS, CINAHL 2001–2015 Puerto Rico Dengue Primary Y N
Eastern Mediterranean
 (Babaie et al., 2018) [28] This study aimed to review the effects of climate change on malaria in Iran. Systematic review Cochrane, PubMed, ScienceDirect, SID, Magiran 2007–2017 Iran Malaria Primary Y N
 (Khan et al., 2018) [29] To conduct a comprehensive compilation of dengue cases from published data and known records in the country, and use a modeling framework to understand dengue prevalence and risk. Systematic review and meta-analysis Science Citation Index, SciSearch, Journal Citation Reports, Medline, SCOPUS, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and others 1994–2014 Pakistan Dengue Primary Y N
 (Ahmed et al., 2016) [30] To critically review scientific studies to assess the need for water conservation, risk management, and the development of mitigation measures to cope with the water-related impacts of climate change on agriculture and subsequently on public health, particularly from the Pakistani perspective. Critical review Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, and Science Direct 1980–2016 Pakistan Both Secondary Y N
 (Ahmed et al., 2019) [31] To assess the existing conventional and novel eradication methods and techniques, which are being used in different countries of the world to eradicate or control vectors and diseases transmitted by such vectors, and to identify missing gaps in the management of vectors, especially malaria and dengue fever, and approaches to manage increases in temperature due to a changing climate Critical review ISI Web of Knowledge, Science Direct, Scopus and Google Scholar 1990–2019 Pakistan Both Secondary Y Y
 (Brugueras et al., 2020) [32] To identify and analyze the existing literature on the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases and those factors potentially affecting their transmission risk of them in six southern European countries with similar environmental conditions: Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain. Systematic review PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, AHL Regional Portal 2000–2017 Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain Both Secondary Y N
 (Fischer et al., 2020) [15] To assess the impact of rising temperature on the receptivity to malaria transmission in Europe and to provide an evidence base for the critical appraisal of the current state of knowledge on which health care guidelines and prevention efforts rely. Systematic review Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library, Scopus Before Oct 2019 Europe Malaria Primary Y N
 (Medlock and Leach, 2015) [33] To summarise the risks posed by vector-borne diseases in the present and the future from a UK perspective, and assess the likely effects of climate change and, where appropriate, climate-change adaptation strategies on vector-borne disease risk in the UK. Systematic review PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science Before Oct 2014 UK Both Secondary Y Y
South-East Asian
 (Chua et al., 2019) [34] To map out the extent of climate change and health research done in the country in order to complement the agenda-setting process and guide in identifying more specific research topics for the Philippine National Unified Health Research Agenda 2017–2022 under the Health Resiliency section. Scoping review PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, HERDIN 1980–2017 Philippines Both Secondary Y Y
 (Dhimal et al., 2015) [35] To review the available literature on VBDs and climate change to allow for an assessment of the likely impacts of climate change on the changing spatiotemporal distribution of VBDs in Nepal. Systematic review PubMed, Web of Science Before Dec 2014 Nepal Both Secondary Y N
 (Hii et al., 2016) [14] To review the current status of scientific studies in climate and dengue and the prospect or challenges of such research on a climate-based dengue early warning system in a dengue endemic country, taking Malaysia as a case study. Systematic review PubMed, Scopus, EBSCO, Web of Science, WHOLIS, WHO IMSEAR 1990–2015 Malaysia Dengue Primary Y N
Western Pacific
 (Bai et al., 2013) [36] To summarize what is known about the impact of climate change on the incidence and prevalence of malaria, dengue fever and Japanese encephalitis in China and to provide important information and direction for adaptation policy making. Scoping review PubMed, Google Scholar and China Hospital Knowledge Database (CHKD) Before 2012 China Both Secondary Y Y
 (Li et al., 2018) [37] To summarize empirical evidences in China on the impact of climate change on dengue fever and to review the related DF incidence models and their findings on how changes in weather factors may impact DF occurrences in China. Systematic review Google Scholar, Web of Science/Knowledge, PubMed, Baidu Scholar, and CNKI 1980–2017 China Dengue Primary Y N
 (Filho et al., 2019) [38] To explore the associations between climate change and human health on the one hand, and outline some of the health care challenges posed by a changing climate on the other, including the emergence of climate-sensitive infectious diseases. Narrative PubMed and Google Scholar, and scientific reports (IPCC, NASA, ECDC, or WHO) 2004–2019 Western Pacific Region Dengue Secondary Y Y
 (Yi et al., 2019) [39] To examine the relationship between climate variability and infectious disease transmission in China in the new millennium. Systematic review Web of Science, PubMed, CNKI 2000–2018 Western Pacific Region (China) Both Secondary Y Y
 (Banu et al., 2011) [40] To review the scientific evidence about the impact of climate change and socioenvironmental factors on dengue transmission, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. Scoping review PubMed, ISI web of Knowledge and Google Scholar 1990–2009 Asia-Pacific (South-East Asia Region AND Western Pacific Region) Dengue Primary Y Y
 (Akter et al., 2017) [42] To assess the epidemiological evidence on the joint effects of climate variability and socioecological factors on dengue transmission Systematic review PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus 1993–2015 Global Dengue Primary Y N
 (Andersen and Davis, 2017) [43] To gather available literature describing changes in the epidemiology of tick- and mosquito-borne diseases that cause cutaneous manifestations, which may be associated with climate change. Scoping review PubMed 1984–2016 Global Both Secondary Y N
 (Bardosh et al., 2017) [17] To identify community-based interventions for VBDs with the goal of relating past approaches and lessons learnt to the context of future global change. To situate the existing community-based VBD intervention literature within the context of global change processes, the broader socioecological systems theory literature, social science knowledge and concepts of vulnerability and adaptation. Realist review PubMed and Google Scholar 1990–2015 Global Both Secondary Y Y
 (Cella et al., 2019) [44] To elucidate the important aspects described in the literature on the influence of climate change in the distribution and transmission of malaria. Narrative PubMed and SciELO Virtual Library 1994 to 2018 Global Malaria Primary Y N
 (Naish et al., 2014) [41] To review epidemiological evidence on the relationship between climate and dengue with a focus on quantitative methods for assessing the potential impacts of climate change on global dengue transmission. Systematic Review PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, and Web of Science January 1991 through October 2012 Global Dengue Primary Y N
 (Swynghedauw, 2009) [45] To review the medical consequences of global warming. Systematic review PubMed 2000–2007 Global Both Secondary Y N
 (Watts et al., 2021) [4] To report the findings and consensus of the Lancet Countdown, an international collaboration established to provide an independent, global monitoring system dedicated to tracking the emerging health profile of the changing climate. Narrative N/A Up to 2020 Global Both Secondary Y Y
 (Xu et al., 2012) [47] To review the literature regarding the relationship between ambient temperature and children’s health and to propose future research directions. Systematic review PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Web of Science Up to Feb 2012 Global Malaria Secondary Y N
 (Xu et al., 2020) [46] To review available information on the projection of dengue in the future under climate change scenarios. Systematic review PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Web of Science Up to June 2019 Global Dengue Primary Y N
 (Yu et al., 2015) [48] To examine both key findings and methodological issues in projecting future impacts of climate change on malaria transmission. Critical review MEDLINE, Web of Science, and PubMed Up to Nov 2012 Global Malaria Primary Y N
 (Zhang et al., 2008) [49] To summarize what has been done in examining the relationship between climate change and vector-borne diseases worldwide and to give suggestions for future research directions by noting limitations in previous published work. Systematic review PubMed 1984–2008 Global Both Secondary Y N