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Table 3 Health and well-being outcomes studied

From: A scoping review on the measurement of transnationalism in migrant health research in high-income countries

Outcomes studied na %a Studies
Mental health 23 48.9%  
 Major depressive episodes or symptoms 9 19.1% [13, 29, 34, 44, 46, 52, 55, 60, 61]
 Poor emotional well-being 5 10.6% [30, 45, 56, 59, 62]
 Loneliness 2 4.3% [36, 50]
 Acculturative stress 2 4.3% [60, 69]
 Anxiety 2 4.3% [13, 37]
 Psychological distress 2 4.3% [22, 39]
 Happiness 4 8.5% [39, 57, 59, 63]
 Sadness 1 2.1% [46]
 Poor mental health 2 4.3% [34, 57]
 Immigration related stress 1 2.1% [60]
 Marital stress 1 2.1% [60]
 Employment stress 1 2.1% [60]
 General stress 1 2.1% [13]
 Emotional financial strain 1 2.1% [64]
 Partner violence 1 2.1% [60]
Health & well-being 18 38.3%  
 Poor self-rated health 6 12.8% [21, 35, 41, 56, 57, 59]
 Life satisfaction 7 14.9% [13, 45, 55,56,57, 59, 62]
 Poor subjective well-being 1 2.1% [58]
 Dental problems 1 2.1% [31]
 Chronic disease & health limitations 2 4.3% [21, 35]
 Health satisfaction 1 2.1% [38]
 Inflammatory markers 1 2.1% [42]
 General health problems 5 8.5% [40, 47, 48, 52, 62]
Socioeconomic indicators 14 29.8%  
 Financial strain 1 2.1% [64]
 Housing 3 4.3% [40, 51, 52]
 Low income 4 6.4% [31, 35, 53, 60]
 High income 2 4.3% [35, 52]
 Financial struggles 1 2.1% [51]
 Socioeconomic position 1 2.1% [48]
 Satisfaction with host country economy 1 2.1% [34]
 Knowledge, positive perception and/or use of community/social resources 2 4.3% [52, 66]
 Lack of health/dental insurance 6 8.5% [31, 47, 49, 52,53,54]
 Poor quality healthcare in host country 3 2.1% [47, 49, 53]
 Has a usual care provider 1 2.1% [47]
Social contacts & relationships 9 19.1%  
 Quality of parent-child relationships (in host country) 1 2.1% [55]
 Quality of parent-child relationships (children abroad) 1 2.1% [67]
 Social support 1 2.1% [13]
 Social networks 1 2.1% [33]
 Relationships with locals 2 4.3% [66, 68]
 Transnational relationships 3 2.1% [48, 53, 54]
Health Behaviours 4 8.5%  
 Alcohol use 1 2.1% [43]
 Smoking 1 2.1% [28]
 Substance abuse 1 2.1% [60]
 Fertility ideals, current/cumulative fertility 1 2.1% [27]
Integration 11 23.4%  
 Perceived discrimination 6 12.8% [13, 32, 35, 66, 69, 70]
 Citizenship in host country 1 2.1% [47]
 Integrated in host country 1 2.1% [35]
 Knowledge of host country’s language 2 4.3% [47, 66]
 Sense of belonging in host country 1 2.1% [66]
 Host country identity 2 4.3% [65, 68]
 Happy with decision to have moved to host country 1 2.1% [34]
 Use of country of origin as reference group to evaluate social standing 1 2.1% [34]
 Intention to leave host country 1 2.1% [51]
 Home country identity 1 2.1% [65]
 ‘Ethnic group’ identity 2 4.3% [13, 65]
Employment related outcomes 2 4.3%  
 Job absenteeism 1 2.1% [63]
 Job instability 1 2.1% [63]
 Work-family life conflict 1 2.1% [63]
 Unemployment 1 2.1% [52]
  1. aNumbers sum up to greater than 47 and 100% since a number of studies examined more than one outcome