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Table 1 Trends in demographic, infant and young child feeding, and maternal, neonatal and child health indicators in the Philippines, 1967–2017

From: Breastfeeding, first-food systems and corporate power: a case study on the market and political practices of the transnational baby food industry and public health resistance in the Philippines

Category Indicators 1967 1972 1977 1982 1987 1993 1998 2003 2008 2013 2017
Demographic Population (millions)a 32.8 37.9 43.6 50.0 57.3 66.6 74.7 83.1 90.9 98.9 105.2
GNI per capita (constant 2010 US$)a 1240 1343 1612 1724 1407 1521 1845 1926 2298 2787 3369
Urban population (%)a 32.1 34.0 36.3 39.3 44.2 46.7 46.3 45.9 45.5 45.9 46.7
Female labor force participation (% aged 15+)a 48.3 47.8 49.3 46.9 46.9 48.3 44.9
Birth rate (per 1000 people)a 40.6 38.5 37.4 35.9 34.2 31.8 30.1 28.4 25.8 23.6 21.0
Infant and young child feeding Median breastfeeding duration (months) 14.5c 13.7c 12.9c 12.1c 12.5d 14.1e 12.8e 14.1e 14.3e 16.7e 19.8e
Breastfeeding initiation (%)b 35.6 34.5 46.1 48.3 49.7 56.9
Ever breastfed (%)b 88.1 89.1 86.8 89.6 93.7 93.2
Exclusive breastfeeding 0–5 months (%)b 28.9 37.5 34 33 24.7f 29.0f
Continued breastfeeding 20–23 months (%)b 24.3 29.5 32.3 34.4 40.9 52.3
Percentage of baby friendly health facilitiesg 83 5
Maternal, neonatal and child health Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000 births)b 25.5 25.2 24.0 21.4 17.8 16.5 16.0 15.2 14.6 13.9
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 births)b 57.5 54.7 54.1 51.7 45.9 34.9 29.8 27.3 25.4 24 22.7
Under-5 mortality rate (per 1000 births)b 87.6 82.7 81.7 77.4 67.1 47.8 39.4 35.6 32.6 30.6 28.7
Number of under-5 child deaths (thousands)b 117.1 128.9 135.0 128.1 99.3 87.3 83.1 76.4 71.3 64.1
Birth deliveries in a health facility (%)b 28 34 38 44 61 78
Pregnancy attended at least once by SHP (%)b 83 86 86 88 91 95
  1. Notes: a data from [26], b from [2], c from [35, 36], d from [37], e from [38], f from [39], data in the 2013 column is for 2015, and in the 2017 column for 2018, g from [40], data in the 2008 column is for 2009, and in the 2017 column for 2016, SHP Skilled health professional