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Table 7 Average trade, FDI and prevalence of tobacco use per country (2010–2018)

From: Effects of foreign direct investment and trade on the prevalence of tobacco consumption in Africa: a panel study

Country Trade openness Imports FDI Prevalence of tobacco consumption
Algeria 0.62 31.93 0.8 19.42
Benin 0.57 31.03 1.77 8.71
Botswana 1 50.9 1.56 24.97
Burkina Faso 0.59 32.59 1.9 18.07
Burundi 0.39 30.92 1.07 14.02
Congo, Rep. 1.14 56.22 16.38 14.73
Cote d’Ivoire 0.7 32.63 1.29 14.21
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.41 24.65 1.96 21.26
Ethiopia 0.39 28.12 3.14 5.02
Gambia, The 0.5 31.58 1.87 15.69
Ghana 0.75 41.8 6.5 4.16
Kenya 0.48 30.25 1.71 13.06
Lesotho 1.37 94.49 4.11 27.77
Liberia 1.23 97.91 42.74 9.36
Madagascar 0.59 33.36 5.29 31.31
Mali 0.6 36.33 2.81 12.14
Mauritius 1.07 59.3 3.36 28.37
Morocco 0.82 46.69 2.64 16.34
Mozambique 0.99 66.7 25 16.69
Namibia 0.97 57.71 4.68 19.01
Niger 0.44 29.57 6.76 8.36
Nigeria 0.34 14.51 1.17 5.22
Rwanda 0.45 30.58 3.11 14.56
Senegal 0.58 35.89 2.23 10.07
Seychelles 1.9 100.66 15.36 21.96
South Africa 0.61 30.43 1.15 32.57
Tanzania 0.45 26.41 3.29 15.07
Togo 0.94 55.54 3.85 8.36
Tunisia 1.01 55.6 2.24 28.57
Uganda 0.38 23.68 3 12.17
Zimbabwe 0.63 39.76 1.97 14.74