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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: COVID-19: Factors associated with psychological distress, fear, and coping strategies among community members across 17 countries

Characteristics Total, n(%)
Total study participants 8559
Age (in years) 7665
 Mean (±SD) 33.3 (12.5)
 IQR (25th percentile to 75th percentile) 23-41
Age groups 7664
 18-29 years 3683 (48.1)
 30-59 years 3646 (47.6)
 ≥60 years 335 (4.4)
Gender 8475
 Male 3016 (35.6)
 Female 5459 (64.4)
Country of residence 8559
 Australia 587 (6.9)
 Bangladesh 962 (11.2)
 Egypt 416 (4.9)
 Hong Kong 555 (6.5)
 Indonesia 541 (6.3)
 Jordan 538 (6.3)
 Kuwait 417 (4.9)
 Libya 114 (1.3)
 Malaysia 720 (8.4)
 Nepal 311 (3.6)
 Oman 437 (5.1)
 Pakistan 418 (4.9)
 Palestine 417 (4.9)
 Saudi Arabia 803 (9.4)
 Syria 408 (4.8)
 Thailand 498 (5.8)
 UAE 417 (4.9)
Born in the same country of residence 8463
 No 1310 (15.3)
 Yes 7153 (83.6)
Living status 8441
 Live without family members 1908 (22.6)
 Live with family members 6533 (77.4)
Highest educational/vocational qualification 8449
 Primary/Grade 1 to 6 62 (0.7)
 Secondary/Higher Secondary/Grade 7 to 12 1546 (18.3)
 Certificate/Diploma/Trade qualifications 877 (10.4)
 Bachelor/Masters/PhD 5964 (70.6)
Current employment condition 8206
 Unemployed/Housewife/Home maker/Home duties (No source of income) 643 (7.8)
 Jobs affected by COVID-19 (lost job/working hours reduced/afraid of job loss) 4148 (50.5)
 Have an income source (employed/Government benefits) 3415 (41.6)
Perceived distress due to change of employment status 7268
 A little to none 4712 (61.8)
 Moderate to a great deal 2916 (38.2)
Improved working situation due to change of employment situation 5822
 A little to none 4473 (76.8)
 Moderate to a great deal 1349 (23.2)
Self-identification as a frontline or essential service worker 8476
 No 5046 (59.5)
 Yes 3430 (40.1)
Self-identification as a healthcare worker 6290
 No 3843 (61.1)
 Yes, doctor 887 (14.1)
 Yes, nurse 1032 (16.4)
 Yes, other healthcare worker 528 (8.4)
COVID-19 impacted financial situation 8507
 No impact 3783 (44.5)
 Yes, impacted positively 1017 (12.0)
 Yes, impacted negatively 3707 (43.6)
Affected by the change in financial situation 6122
 Not at all 1397 (22.8)
 Unsure at this time 912 (14.9)
 Somewhat 2770 (45.2)
 A great extent 1043 (17.0)
Co-morbidities 8416
 No 5975 (71.0)
 Mental health issue 362 (4.3)
 Other co-morbidity 2079 (24.7)
Co-morbidities 8416
 No 5975 (71.0)
 Single co-morbidity 1547 (19.3)
 Multiple co-morbidities 474 (5.9)
Smoking 8507
 Never smoker 6910 (81.2)
 Ever smoker (Daily/Non-daily/Ex) 1597 (18.8)
Increased smoking over the last 6 months 1018
 No 535 (52.6)
 Yes 483 (47.4)
Current alcohol drinking (last 4 weeks) 8365
 No 7435 (88.9)
 Yes 930 (11.1)
Increased alcohol drinking over the last 6 months 921
 No 645 (70.0)
 Yes 276 (30.0)
Contact with known/suspected case of COVID-19 8341
 No 4899 (58.7)
 Unsure 710 (8.5)
 Yes, indirect contact 952 (11.4)
 Yes, provided direct care 1780 (21.3)
Experience related to COVID-19 pandemic (multiple responses possible) 8171
 No known exposure to COVID-19 6337 (77.6)
 Tested positive for COVID-19 494 (6.0)
 Tested negative for COVID-19 by self-isolated 1135 (13.9)
 Had recent overseas travel history and was in quarantine 205 (2.5)
Self-identification as a patient (visited a healthcare provider in the last 6 months) 8322
 No 5570 (66.9)
 Yes 2752 (33.1)
Healthcare service use in the last 6 months 2727
 In-person visit to a healthcare provider 1896 (69.5)
 Telehealth consultation/Use of national helpline 636 (23.3)
 Used both services 195 (7.2)
Perceived mental health status 6290
 Poor to fair 1753 (27.9)
 Good to excellent 4537 (72.1)
Healthcare service use to overcome COVID-19 related stress in the last 6 months 8264
 No 7183 (86.9)
 Yes 1081 (13.1)
Type of healthcare service used to overcome COVID-19 related stress in the last 6 months 1041
 Consulted a GP 356 (34.2)
 Consulted a Psychologist 53 (5.1)
 Consulted a Psychiatrist 63 (6.1)
 Used specialised mental healthcare settings 26 (2.5)
 Used mental health resources 93 (8.9)
 Used mental health resources available through media 171 (16.4)
 Used mental health support services 79 (7.6)
 Used combination of services 199 (19.1)