Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of women who received routine MNH (ANC visit, and delivery and PNC services) services, Nepal SPA 2015

From: Utilisation of quality antenatal, delivery and postnatal care services in Nepal: An analysis of Service Provision Assessment

Pregnant women attended HFs for their first ANC visit (N = 523) Postpartum women discharged from HFs (N = 309)
Determinants Categories Frequency % Determinants Categories Frequency %
Structural     Structural    
 Ethnicity (women) Brahmin and Chhetri 102 19.6 Ethnicity (women) Brahmin and Chhetri 155 50.2
Janajatis 155 29.5   Janajatis 66 21.3
Madhesi 157 30.0   Madhesi 51 16.7
Dalit 66 12.6   Dalit 37 11.8
Muslims and others 43 8.3 Managed by Private 97 31.3
 Education (women) Never been school 155 29.6   Public 212 68.7
< 10 years 216 41.4 Intermediary    
SLC and above 152 29.0 Province One 24 7.9
 Managed by Private 73 14.0   Two 46 14.8
Public 450 86.0   Three 110 35.7
Intermediary      Four 38 12.4
 Province One 89 16.9   Five 48 15.6
Two 154 29.5   Six 19 6.2
Three 116 22.2   Seven 23 7.3
Four 25 4.8 Women’s age (years) 15–19 36 11.6
Five 84 16.0   20–24 130 42.2
Six 20 3.9   25–29 96 31.1
Seven 35 6.7   30 and above 47 15.1
 Region Mountain 16 3.0 Companion in delivery No 93 30.2
Hill 172 32.9   Yes 216 69.8
Terai 335 64.1 Health system    
 Women’s age (years) 15–19 120 23.0 HF capacity Low 123 39.8
20–24 230 43.9   Medium 105 34.0
25–29 118 22.6   High 81 26.1
30 and above 55 10.5 Supervision of staff No 119 38.5
 Waiting time Immediately 149 28.4   Yes 190 61.5
Up to 30 min 251 48.0 Feedback collection Yes 249 80.6
> 30 min 123 23.5   No 60 19.4
 Facility types PHCCs and above 303 57.9 QA activities No 214 69.3
HPs and clinics 220 42.1   Yes 95 30.7
Health system     Timely decision No 25 8.0
 HF capacity Low 175 33.5   Yes 284 92.0
Medium 174 33.3 Providers Nurse and other 203 65.8
High 174 33.3   Doctor 106 34.2
 Supervision of staff No 172 33.0 PNC mothers Nurse and others 137 44.5
Yes 351 67.0   Doctor 172 55.5
 HF meeting No 64 12.3 PNC newborns Nurse and others 134 43.2
Sometimes 81 15.5   Doctor 175 56.8
Monthly 378 72.3 First baby No 136 44.1
 Feedback collection Yes 326 62.4   Yes 173 55.9
No 197 37.6 Delivery Normal 239 77.4
 QA activities No 392 74.9   Assisted 70 22.6
Yes 131 25.1 Aama program No 78 25.1
 Availability of waiting area No 39 7.4   Yes 231 74.9
Yes 484 92.6     
 Provider category GP/Specialists 77 15.2     
MBBS 23 4.5     
Nursing 392 77.5     
Paramedics 14 2.8     
 Supervision to staff No 265 50.5     
Yes 258 49.5     
 Problem felt No 224 42.9     
Yes 299 57.1     
 Need to pay Yes 168 32.1     
No 355 67.9