Skip to main content

Table 2 Regression results (2SLS): Obesity, all countries

From: Is the development of obesogenic food environments a self-reinforcing process? Evidence from soft drink consumption

Dependent variable: Soft drink consumption, QSD Dependent variable: Prevalence of obesity, OBE
Independent variables   Coefficient Std. Error1 Independent variables   Coefficient Std. Error1
Prevalence of obesity OBE 2.390*** 0.233 Soft drink consumption QSD 0.069** 0.024
Soft drink price PSD −2.003*** 0.562 Dietary energy supply DES 2.913*** 0.667
Income per capita GNI 0.737*** 0.157 Urban population URB 0.389*** 0.042
Population aged 65 and above AGE −5.212*** 0.496 Population aged 65 and above AGE 1.043*** 0.075
Economic globalisation GLO 0.348*** 0.089 Economic globalisation GLO −0.045* 0.017
N. of obs. 1440 N. of obs. 1440
F-statistic, F(5, 1339) 53.85, Prob. 0.000 F-statistic, F(5, 1339) 304.70, Prob. 0.000
Underidentification test 188.60, P-val. 0.000 Underidentification test 66.89, P-val. 0.000
Weak identification test 497.31 Weak identification test 63.32
Sargan-Hansen J statistic 0.077, P-val. 0.782 Sargan-Hansen J statistic 0.049, P-val. 0.824
  1. Notes: 2SLS: Two-stage least square estimation, with fixed effects
  2. 1 Heteroskedasticity-robust standard errors. *, ** and *** denote p < 0.05, p < 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively
  3. Underidentification test (Kleibergen-Paap rk LM statistic), Weak identification test (Cragg-Donald Wald F statistic),
  4. Sargan-Hansen J statistic (overidentification test of all instruments)