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Table 2 Multiple logistic regression analyses on associations of loneliness with perceived needs for mental health care and mental health service use among Chinese residents during the COVID-19 epidemic, adjusting for the confounding effects of socio-demographic and epidemic characteristics and common mental health problems

From: Feelings of loneliness and mental health needs and services utilization among Chinese residents during the COVID-19 epidemic

Variables Perceived needs for mental health care Use of mental health services
OR (95 %CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Loneliness Yes 2.50 (2.08, 3.00) < 0.001 1.62 (1.08, 2.44) 0.020
  No 1   1  
Subpopulation Wuhan residents 0.99 (0.76, 1.29) 0.958 1.32 (0.74, 2.34) 0.352
  Migrants from Wuhan 1.00 (0.75, 1.34) 0.998 1.19 (0.65, 2.20) 0.571
  Other Hubei residents 0.88 (0.60, 1.29) 0.515 1.03 (0.44, 2.38) 0.955
  Other residents 1   1  
Gender Female 1.38 (1.12, 1.69) 0.002 0.76 (0.51, 1.14) 0.186
  Male 1   1  
Age-group (years) 16–29 1.30 (0.82, 2.05) 0.263 0.37 (0.13, 1.05) 0.063
  30–49 1.26 (0.85, 1.87) 0.254 0.80 (0.35, 1.83) 0.590
  50+ 1   1  
Marital status Othersa 1.84 (1.30, 2.60) 0.001 2.22 (1.20, 4.13) 0.011
  Never-married 0.95 (0.72, 1.25) 0.700 2.42 (1.19, 4.91) 0.014
  Married 1   1  
Employment status Students 1.10 (0.77, 1.58) 0.609 1.99 (1.07, 3.71) 0.031
  Unemployed 0.94 (0.70, 1.28) 0.709 0.40 (0.12, 1.33) 0.134
  Employed 1   1  
Education Associate’s degree and above 0.98 (0.75, 1.29) 0.893 0.86 (0.49, 1.50) 0.591
  Middle school and below 1   1  
Perceived severity of the epidemic in current residence place Severe 0.99 (0.79, 1.25) 0.929 0.77 (0.46, 1.27) 0.298
  Not severe 1   1  
Having family members or close relatives infected with SARS-CoV-2b Yes 2.33 (1.03, 5.26) 0.042 0.81 (0.19, 3.48) 0.779
  No 1   1  
Having colleagues, friends or classmates infected with SARS-CoV-2b Yes 1.33 (1.02, 1.73) 0.036 1.86 (1.07, 3.22) 0.027
  No 1   1  
Having infected neighbors living in the same community/village Yes 1.22 (0.94, 1.57) 0.132 1.08 (0.62, 1.89) 0.788
  No 1   1  
Common mental health problems Yes 6.09 (4.96, 7.48) < 0.001 4.34 (2.77, 6.80) < 0.001
  No 1   1  
  1. a“Others” included re-married, co-habiting, separated, divorced, and widowed
  2. bSARS-CoV-2: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2