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Table 3 Associations between study problems and depression score stratified by relationship with father

From: Study problems and depressive symptoms in adolescents during the COVID-19 outbreak: poor parent-child relationship as a vulnerability

  Regression coefficient and 95% CI
Good or normal relationship with father (n = 6261) Poor relationship with father (n = 174)
Having difficulty in studying at home
 M1: sex, age and having difficulty in studying in school 4.27 (3.86 to 4.68) 7.97 (4.42 to 11.51)
 M2: M1 + economic status, school type and father’s education 4.14 (3.73 to 4.55) 8.22 (4.63 to 11.80)
 M3: M2 + relatives or friends died or with serious illness, quarantine experience and feelings about the pandemic 4.07 (3.66 to 4.48) 8.25 (4.62 to 11.87)
Dislike remote learning
 M1: sex and age 2.23 (1.86 to 2.60) 3.58 (0.38 to 6.79)
 M2: M1 + economic status, school type and father’s education 2.16 (1.80 to 2.53) 3.56 (0.28 to 6.84)
 M3: M2 + relatives or friends died or with serious illness, quarantine experience and feelings about the pandemic 2.15 (1.79 to 2.51) 4.17 (0.83 to 7.52)
Screen entertainment ≥ 8 h/day
 M1: sex and age 2.52 (1.94 to 3.10) 3.30 (−0.88 to 7.47)
 M2: M1 + economic status, school type and father’s education 2.34 (1.77 to 2.92) 3.13 (−1.10 to 7.36)
 M3: M2 + relatives or friends died or with serious illness, quarantine experience and feelings about the pandemic 2.27 (1.70 to 2.85) 3.12 (−1.14 to 7.39)
  1. Using multivariable linear regression analyses with depression score as dependent variable and study problems as independent variables, stratified by relationship with father. Positive regression coefficients reflect more severe depressive symptoms