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Table 2 Associations between study problems and depression score stratified by relationship with mother

From: Study problems and depressive symptoms in adolescents during the COVID-19 outbreak: poor parent-child relationship as a vulnerability

  Regression coefficient and 95% CI
Good or normal relationship with mother (n = 6315) Poor relationship with mother (n = 120)
Having difficulty in studying at home
 M1: sex, age and having difficulty in studying in school 4.35 (3.94 to 4.76) 8.32 (3.66 to 12.99)
 M2: M1 + economic status, school type and mother’s education 4.21 (3.80 to 4.62) 8.26 (3.45 to 13.07)
 M3: M2 + relatives or friends died or with serious illness, quarantine experience and feelings about the pandemic 4.13 (3.72 to 4.54) 7.44 (2.45 to 12.43)
Dislike remote learning
 M1: sex and age 2.24 (1.87 to 2.61) 4.99 (0.95 to 9.03)
 M2: M1 + economic status, school type and mother’s education 2.16 (1.79 to 2.52) 4.87 (0.70 to 9.03)
 M3: M2 + relatives or friends died or with serious illness, quarantine experience and feelings about the pandemic 2.14 (1.78 to 2.50) 5.72 (1.49 to 9.96)
Screen entertainment ≥ 8 h/day
 M1: sex and age 2.59 (2.01 to 3.17) 3.42 (−2.32 to 9.16)
 M2: M1 + economic status, school type and mother’s education 2.41 (1.83 to 2.98) 3.62 (−2.38 to 9.62)
 M3: M2 + relatives or friends died or with serious illness, quarantine experience and feelings about the pandemic 2.34 (1.77 to 2.91) 3.19 (−2.86 to 9.24)
  1. Using multivariable linear regression analyses with depression score as dependent variable and study problems as independent variables, stratified by relationship with mother. Positive regression coefficients reflect more severe depressive symptoms