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Table 2 Data collected by the COVID-19 questionnaire (1237 respondents)

From: A longitudinal study of mental health before and during COVID-19 lockdown in the French population

  n Proportion (%) Mean SD
Number of persons at home during lockdown (n = 1163)    2.2 1.1
Size of living space during lockdown (in m2) (n = 1181)    113.9 48.3
Media (in minutes per day) (n = 1237)
 Time spent on traditional media for epidemic information    91 92
 Time spent on websites for epidemic information    36 51
 Time spent on social media    60 84
Pandemic’s impact (Between 0 and 10)
 On personal life (n = 1157)    5.6 2.5
 On family and loved ones (n = 1151)    6.4 2.3
 On personal financial situation (n = 1155)    3.7 2.7
 On the country in general (n = 1156)    8.2 1.9
Change of residence (n = 1189)
 No. Without taking in relatives 1073 90.2   
 No. Taking in relatives 59 5.0   
 Yes. Going to a second home 24 2.0   
 Yes. Going to relatives 23 1.9   
 Other 10 0.9   
Layout of a personal outdoor space during lockdown (n = 1190)
 No 219 18.4   
 Yes 971 81.6   
Life during lockdown (n = 1191)
 Alone without children 273 22.9   
 Alone with child (ren) 43 3.6   
 In a couple without children 593 49.8   
 In a couple with child (ren) 235 19.7   
 Roommates. With friends 1 0.1   
 With parents. Family members 34 2.9   
 Other 12 1.0   
Work situation during lockdown (n = 1189)
 Unemployment 32 2.7   
 At home 17 1.4   
 Activity currently suspended 63 5.3   
 Currently reduced activity 43 3.6   
 Activity maintained by teleworking 233 19.6   
 Unchanged activity (goes to work) 70 5.9   
 Work on a voluntary basis 4 0.3   
 Student with continuing distance learning 3 0.2   
 Student whose training is suspended 0 0   
 Retired or pre-retired 688 57.9   
 Disability or long-term illness 9 0.8   
 Other 27 2.3   
Clinical diagnosis or positive COVID-19 test (Multiple-choice question)
 No 917    
 The participant 8    
 Family members 106    
 Close friends 51    
 Acquaintance 143    
COVID-19 suspicion (Multiple-choice question)
 No 914    
 The participant 34    
 Family members 111    
 Close friends 56    
 Acquaintance 123    
Acceptance of COVID-19 vaccine (n = 1183)
 Yes 969 81.9   
 No 214 18.1   
Evolution of perceived mental health during lockdown (n = 1085)
 Decrease 422 38.9   
 Stable 296 27.3   
 Increase 367 33.8   
Evolution of self-perceived physical health during lockdown (n = 1083)
 Decrease 257 23.7   
 Stable 294 27.2   
 Increase 532 49.1   
Evolution of depression symptoms (PHQ-9 score) during lockdown (n = 954)
 Decrease 140 14.7   
 Stable 660 69.2   
 Increase 154 16.1   
Evolution of anxiety symptoms (GAD-7 score) during lockdown (n = 958)
 Decrease 98 10.2   
 Stable 733 76.5   
 Increase 127 13.3   
Lockdown experience (n = 1161)
 Not at all disturbing 122 10.5   
 A little disturbing 584 50.3   
 Moderately disruptive 322 27.7   
 Highly disruptive 120 10.4   
 Extremely disruptive 13 1.1   
Request for professional help (n = 1164)
 Yes 37 3.2   
 No 1127 96.8   
Smoking during confinement (n = 1166)
 Smoker 74 6.4   
 Ex-smoker 265 22.7   
 Non-smoker 827 70.9   
Frequency of alcohol consumption during lockdown (n = 1167)
 Never 152 13.0   
 Once a month or less often 218 18.7   
 2 to 4 times a month 279 23.9   
 2 to 3 times a week 229 19.6   
 4 times a week or more often 289 24.8   
Time of exposure to epidemic information (n = 1160)
 Too much time 214 18.4   
 Too much time. Suffering 68 5.9   
 Current situation is suitable 820 70.7   
 Feelings of not having enough information 58 5.0