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Table 3 The hierarchical linear regression analysis of independent variables correlated to scores of anxiety and depression in total participants (n = 6726)

From: The relationship between 2019-nCoV and psychological distress among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder

  Anxiety Depression
B (95%CI) β P B (95%CI) β P
Model 1
 Province .587 (.347 ~ .826) .058 <.001 .107 (−.208 ~ .423) .007 .505
 Parents’ gender .161 (−.298 ~ .621) .007 .491 1.035 (.431 ~ 1.640) .032 .001
 Parents’ age −.449 (−.727 ~ −.171) −.035 .002 −.861 (−1.227 ~ −.495) −.048 <.001
 Parents’ health status 2.942 (2.030 ~ 3.854) .064 < 0.001 2.540 (1.340 ~ 3.741) .039 <.001
 Parents’ education −.436 (−.663 ~ −.208) −.044 .001 −.581 (−.880 ~ −.282) −.041 <.001
 Parents’ occupation .040 (−.127 ~ .208) −.005 .639 .197 (−.023 ~ .418) .017 .080
 Child’s gender −.272 (−.599 ~ .055) −.016 .103 −.422 (−.853 ~ .008) −.018 .054
 Child’s age .423 (.178 ~ .668) .042 .001 .325 (.002 ~ .647) .023 .048
 Only child in the family .406 (.054 ~ .758) .025 .024 .603 (.140 ~ 1.065) .026 .011
 Parents’ marital status −.127 (−.864 ~ .610) −.003 .735 .316 (−.653 ~ 1.286) .006 .522
 Family income −.200 (−.336 ~ −.064) −.033 .004 −.255 (−.434 ~ −.076) −.030 .005
R2 .058    .077   
ΔR2 .058    .077   
Model 2
 Group .739 (.357 ~ 1.122) .040 <.001 1.101 (.597 ~ 1.604) .041 <.001
R2 .061    .082   
ΔR2 .003    .005   
Model 3
 Resilience total −.082 (−.094 ~ −.070) −.185 <.001 −.205 (−.221 ~ −.188) −.324 <.001
 Positive coping −.163 (−.198 ~ −.128) −.133 <.001 −.326 (−.372 ~ −.281) −.188 <.001
 Negative coping .290 (.256 ~ .324 .173 <.001 .447 (.402 ~ .493) .188 <.001
R2 .229    .377   
ΔR2 .168    .295   
Model 4
 Relationship changes .557 (.238 ~ .875) .034 .001 .943 (.524 ~ 1.362) .041 <.001
 Physical Exercise changes −.241 (−.475 ~ −.007) −.021 .043 −.452 (−.761 ~ −.144) −.027 .004
 Dietary changes .920 (.641 ~ 1.199) .068 <.001 1.702 (1.334 ~ 2.069) .088 <.001
 Income changes .203 (−.038 ~ .444) .019 .099 .523 (.206 ~ .840) .034 .001
 Psychological stress 2.540 (2.390 ~ 2.690) .353 <.001 2.474 (2.227 ~ 2.671) .242 <.001
F 186.998   <.001 274.085   <.001
R2 .358    .450   
ΔR2 .129    .073   
  1. Bold = P < 0.001, Group: a healthy child = 0, an ASD child =1, CI confidence interval