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Table 9 Good practices for donors facing transition

From: How donors support civil society as government accountability advocates: a review of strategies and implications for transition of donor funding in global health

Transition timing Approaches
Impending transition Strengthen key organizations and individuals who can carry advocacy forward following transition, and who present the potential to serve as country-level and future capacity building resources for smaller organizations.
Support networks with robust existing capacity to mobilize advocacy, or encourage the unification of CSOs, while ensuring community needs are represented.
Channel funding through intermediaries to create broad advocacy support and pressure over governments.
Create meaningful participatory mechanisms to bring together civil society and government to agree to rules of engagement and codify participation.
Provide time-bound, flexible bridge grants, with catalytic funding available to support targeted advocacy.
Longer-term engagement Diversify funding modalities to support a mix of organizations, potentially through donor coordination mechanisms and intermediaries.
Support longer-term capacity building across different levels of the system – individual, organizational, and systemic - and define in tandem with CSOs what support is needed.
Support social accountability efforts that engage members of affected populations to generate public engagement and demand and hold their government to account.
Changing donors’ approach at any point of engagement Provide more flexible funding, reporting and evaluation with core support, looser grant application and reporting requirements, and improved monitoring and evaluation to better measure advocacy.
Build an exit strategy and consider sustainability from the start in partnership with CSOs
Support rights-based activities, particularly organizations and activities that include or are led by members of affected populations, and focus on embracing the diversity of vulnerable populations.
Address enabling environments by recognizing the historical and political context in which civil society sits, and adjust donor involvement accordingly.
Strengthen access to data and information via knowledge sharing hubs and online tool repositories.
Consider non-traditional modes of engagement like informal initiatives and mobilization via social media.