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Table 3 Total, direct, and indirect relationships between model variables

From: Risk factors for adolescents’ mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: a comparison between Wuhan and other urban areas in China

  With or without depressive symptoms With or without anxiety symptoms Emotional Warmth Overprotection Rejection
Grade (0-J, 1-S)
 Direct .151*** .134*** −.039** −.031** −.073***
 Indirect −.011* −.012**
 Total .14*** .122***
Location(0-B&H, 1-W)
 Direct −.092*** .03* .068***
 Indirect .035*** .033***
 Total .035*** .033***
Gender (0-M, 1-F)
 Direct .106*** .086*** .025* −.108*** −.087***
 Indirect −.033*** −.031***
 Total .073*** .055***
Have Siblings (0-N, 1-Y)
 Direct .098*** −.026* −.036**
 Indirect −.029*** −.027***
 Total −.029*** −.027***
Relatives COVID Work (0-N, 1-Y)
 Direct .019*
 Indirect
 Total .019*
Relatives Infected (0-N, 1-Y)
 Direct .037*** .053*** −.038** .042*** .037**
 Indirect .019** .018**
 Total .056*** .07***
Study Online (0-N, 1-Y)
 Direct .044*** .037*** NA NA NA
 Indirect NA NA NA
 Total .044*** .037*** NA NA NA
Emotional Warmth
 Direct −.195*** −.172*** NA NA NA
 Indirect NA NA NA
 Total −.195*** −.172*** NA NA NA
Overprotection
 Direct .085*** .061*** NA NA NA
 Indirect NA NA NA
 Total .085*** .061*** NA NA NA
Rejection
 Direct .217*** .23*** NA NA NA
 Indirect NA NA NA
 Total .217*** .23*** NA NA NA
  1. NA Not applicable
  2. Std.Est of paths were represented. * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001, insignificant paths were represented as ‘-’