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Table 7 Factors associated with insomnia among health workers (n = 475)

From: Mental health impacts among health workers during COVID-19 in a low resource setting: a cross-sectional survey from Nepal

Variables Category Insomnia N (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age (years) 20–40 108 (92.3) 0.45 (0.19–1.08) 0.45 (0.16–1.29)
> 40 9 (7.7) Ref Ref
Ethnicity Brahmin/Chhetri 70 (59.8) Ref Ref
Janajati 41 (35.0) 1.90 (1.19–3.02)* 1.74 (1.04–2.91)*
Others 6 (5.1) 0.52 (0.21–1.28) 0.40 (0.15–1.06)
Profession Doctor 31 (26.5) 0.72 (0.42–1.25) 1.24 (0.65–2.35)
Nurses 50 (42.7) 1.31 (0.79–2.16) 1.46 (0.82–2.60)
Others 36 (30.8) Ref Ref
Education Intermediate and below 32 (27.4) Ref Ref
Bachelor 65 (55.6) 0.59 (0.36–0.99)* 0.69 (0.39–1.24)
Masters and above 20 (17.1) 0.46 (0.24–0.88)* 0.53 (0.24–1.18)
Work experience (year) Up to 5 71 (60.7) 0.54 (0.35–0.84)* 0.50 (0.29–0.85)*
> 5 46 (39.3) Ref Ref
Affected district Yes 94 (80.3) 1.63 (0.98–2.71) 1.55 (0.89–2.68)
No 23 (19.7) Ref Ref
Faced stigma Yes 80 (68.4) 2.26 (1.45–3.52)* 2.37 (1.46–3.84)*
No 37 (31.6) Ref Ref
Aware about government incentive Yes 58 (49.6) 0.68 (0.45–1.03) 0.66 (0.41–1.05)
No 59 (50.4) 1 Ref
Working overtime Yes 69 (59.0) 1.70 (1.11–2.60)* 1.53 (0.96–2.42)
No 48 (41.0) 1 Ref
History of medication Yes 12 (10.3) 3.98 (1.67–9.47)* 3.82 (1.52–9.62)*
No 105 (89.7) 1 Ref
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05