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Table 5 Factors associated with anxiety among health workers (n = 475)

From: Mental health impacts among health workers during COVID-19 in a low resource setting: a cross-sectional survey from Nepal

Variables Category Anxiety N (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Gender Male 76 (38.2) Ref Ref
Female 123 (61.2) 1.90 (1.31–2.75)* 1.05 (0.59–1.88)
Ethnicity Brahmin/Chhetri 110 Ref Ref
Janajati 69 2.71 (1.75–4.20)* 2.34 (1.44–3.81)*
Madheshi 10 0.97 (0.44–2.16) 1.11 (0.47–2.59)
Others 10 2.64 (0.98–7.12) 2.19 (0.73–6.54)
Profession Doctor 56 1.05 (0.65–1.68) 1.17 (0.68–2.04)
Nurses 94 2.55 (1.61–4.04)* 2.33 (1.21–4.47)*
Others 49 Ref Ref
Education Intermediate and below 47 Ref Ref
Bachelor 116 0.72 (0.45–1.15) 0.97 (0.57–1.67)
Masters and above 36 0.53 (0.30–0.94)* 0.99 (0.49–1.97)
Living with elderly Yes 78 (39.2) 1.45 (0.99–2.12) 1.43 (0.92–2.22)
No 121 (60.1) Ref Ref
Family member with chronic disease Yes 121 (60.8) 1.55 (1.07–2.25)* 1.25 (0.81–1.93)
No 78 (39.2) Ref Ref
Precautionary measures in the workplace Sufficient 29 (14.6) Ref Ref
Insufficient 170 (85.4) 2.03 (1.26–3.27)* 1.89 (1.12–3.19)*
Faced stigma Yes 131 (65.8) 2.36 (1.62–3.44)* 2.47 (1.62–3.76)*
No 68 (34.2) Ref Ref
Worked overtime Yes 107 (53.8) 1.39 (0.96–2.00) 1.31 (0. 87–1.97)
No 92 (46.2) Ref Ref
Aware about government incentive Yes 100 (50.3) 0.63 (0.44–0.91)* 0.78 (0.51–1.18)
No 99 (49.7) Ref Ref
History of medication Yes 14 (7.0) 2.54 (1.04–6.17)* 3.40 (1.31–8.81)*
No 185 (93.0) Ref Ref
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05